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Polywater - case study of an anomaly - by Maximilian Hartmann Seminar: „Die größten Irrtümer in der Physik“ Supervision: Markus Köhli.

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Presentation on theme: "Polywater - case study of an anomaly - by Maximilian Hartmann Seminar: „Die größten Irrtümer in der Physik“ Supervision: Markus Köhli."— Presentation transcript:

1 Polywater - case study of an anomaly - by Maximilian Hartmann Seminar: „Die größten Irrtümer in der Physik“ Supervision: Markus Köhli

2 2 Icarus 12

3 Outline Anomalous water Polywater 3 Communication in Science Epistemology Historic development

4 Anomalous water Review: Vapor pressure 4 F EDYAKIN, 1962

5 Anomalous water F EDYAKIN, 1962 „Change in the Structure of Water during Condensation in Capillaries“ Kolloid Zhurnal Vapour pressure Viscosity Density Surface tension Refractive index Electric conductivity Thermal expansion.... Anormal properties 5 B.V. D ERJAGUIN Department of Surface Phenomena Institute of Phys. Chemistry Karpov Publisher „Kolloid Zhurnal“

6 History Discovery Moscow conference Nottingham conference Gordon conference „Polywater“Revocation campaign phenomenologicalspreadingcontroverse Phases:

7 Methods of investigation Vibrational spectra (Raman, IR) NMR Mass spectrometer Chemical analysis 7 contamination West Theory Spectroscopy East Classical methods Experimenting ON

8 „Polywater“ Theories pop up Critics gather Spot on Symposia, Congresses Coverage Popular science Daily press Discovery Nottingham conference „Polywater“Revocation A.G. L EIGA ET AL., Science 168

9 Theoretical polymer structures 9 Discovery Nottingham conference „Polywater“Revocation A ZMAN, Chem.Phys.Lett. 5 A GENO, Theoret. chim. Acta 17 A LLEN, K OLLMAN Science 167

10 Critics 10 Discovery Nottingham conference „Polywater“Revocation Science Vol. 168

11 11 Discovery Nottingham conference „Polywater“Revocation Nature Vol. 233 Rousseau Science Vol. 171 Chem.Phys.Lett. Vol. 7

12 12 Nature Vol. 244 Discovery Nottingham conference „Polywater“Revocation

13 Network 13 Deryagin is the authority Strange argumentation How are scientific facts created?

14 Network Broad interest Biology, botanics Astrophysics, geology Industry Medial coverage Popular scientific papers Daily press Wallstreet journal Good funding Soviet Academy of Science US Dep. Of Defense Unilever 14 Short circuit

15 Discussion Rules to science During its time ( ), did polywater exist? 15

16 Literature Polywater, sociology of an artifact, G. B ENGUIGUI, Social Science Information (1993) Polywater and Experimental Realism, J. V AN B RAKEL, Brit. J. Phil. Sci. 44 (1993) Experimenting on and Experimenting with: Polywater and Experimental Realism, W.J. M C K INNEY, Brit. J. Phil. Sci. 42 (1991) Nature of Anomalous Water, B.V. D ERJAGUIN AND N.V. C HURAEV, Nature Vol. 244 "Polywater" Is Hard To Swallow, J.H. H ILDEBRAND, Science Vol. 168 Polywater, E.R. L IPPINCOTT ET AL., ScienceVol. 164 Theoretical Evidence Against the Existence of Polywater, L.C. A LLEN AND P.A. K OLLMAN, Nature Vol. 233 Mass-Spectrometric Evidence Against „Polywater“, M. D E P AY ET AL., Chem.Phys.Lett. Vol. 7 "Polywater" and Sweat: Similarities between the Infrared Spectra, D.L. R OUSSEAU, Science Vol. 171 Is Venus a Polywater Planet?, F.J. D ONAHOE, Icarus 12 (1970) The Career Consequences of a Mistaken Research Project, A.M. D IAMOND J R., American Journal of Economics and Sociology (2009) 16


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