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Petroleum Eliška Kopecká Pavla Hrdličková. Petroleum  Thick dark brown or greenish liquid  It‘s name comes from Latin petr – rock and oleum – oil 

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Presentation on theme: "Petroleum Eliška Kopecká Pavla Hrdličková. Petroleum  Thick dark brown or greenish liquid  It‘s name comes from Latin petr – rock and oleum – oil "— Presentation transcript:

1 Petroleum Eliška Kopecká Pavla Hrdličková

2 Petroleum  Thick dark brown or greenish liquid  It‘s name comes from Latin petr – rock and oleum – oil  Sometimes we called it black gold  Petrol exists in the upper strata of some areas of the Earth‘s crust

3 Origin of petrol  It‘s formed from decayed prehistoric animals and plants.  Over many centuries this organic matter, mixed with mud, is buried under thick sedimentary layers of material.

4 Composition  Petroleum consists of hydrocarbons  Non-hyrocarbon fractions – which might also include sulphur, nitrogen, oxygen  Traces of metals – vanadium, nickel,….  Mineral additions – water, sand, salts

5 Treatment of petroleum I  Petroleum is processed by atmospheric pressure distillation:  Gasseous products – methan, ethan, propan, butan  Petrol ether (solvent, engine fuel)  Light and heavy petrol ( automobile fuel)

6 Treatment of petroleum II  Kerosene (jet engine fuel)  Gasoil (diesel fuel)  Lubrication oil (engine oil)  Remaining fractions (tar, asphalt, synthetic rubber, colours…)

7 Top petroleum-producing countries (Ordered by amount (barrels per day) produced in 2004) Saudi Arabia Russia United States Iran Mexico China Norway Canada Venezuela United Arab Emirates Kuwait Nigeria United Kingdom Iraq

8 Dictionary Mud – bahno, bláto Rubber – pryž, guma Engine – motor Fuel – palivo Jet – vytrysknutí, tryskání Crust – zemská kůra

9 Used sources

10 Thanks for your attention


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