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Thin Diamond Radiator Fabrication for the GlueX Experiment Brendan Pratt with Richard Jones University of Connecticut NDNC 2014 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Thin Diamond Radiator Fabrication for the GlueX Experiment Brendan Pratt with Richard Jones University of Connecticut NDNC 2014 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Thin Diamond Radiator Fabrication for the GlueX Experiment Brendan Pratt with Richard Jones University of Connecticut NDNC

2 222 Outline Overview of GlueX UConn Laser Ablation Setup Analysis of Radiator Samples NDNC 2014

3 3 The GlueX Experiment NDNC 2014

4 Thin and Flat Diamonds 4 Radiators restricted to 20μm thickness due to multiple scattering Must also have well defined crystal structure with whole crystal rocking curves less than 30μr Techniques for thinning diamond exist, but they leave samples stressed and “potato chipped” Laser ablation as a viable method for machining while keeping internal crystal structure unchanged NDNC 2014

5 5 UConn Laser Ablation Facility LASER L1L1 L2L2 L3L3 Diamond Ablation Chamber X-Y-Z Translation Stage LabView CNC style XY translation and laser pulsing via LabView Ablation Chamber optimized to reduce amorphous carbon deposition on windows Enhanced optics to reduce spherical aberrations (sub micron beam spot) NDNC 2014

6 6 X-ray assessment: S150 surface of S150 was polished with RCMP process limited by instrumental resolution ! NDNC 2014

7 7 X-ray assessment: S90 surface of S90 was not treated after VPIE process not as flat as S150, but still in spec. NDNC 2014

8 8 X-ray assessment: S30 – the real target surface of S30 was not treated after VPIE process challenge lies here! NDNC 2014

9 9 add a frame new idea tested in 2012: add a frame diamonds appear to warp severely when thinned to 20 microns try to stiffen the diamond by leaving a thick outer frame around the 20 micron region frame around 20 micron is still part of the single crystal, maintains planarity warping is from combination of mounting and internal stresses NDNC 2014

10 10 First “picture frame” sample: U40 3 mm 315 micron frame around outside edge thinned inner rectangular window residual raster pattern is from a coarse laser step size NDNC 2014

11 11 3D Zygo Images of U40 approximate bottom surface depth, Zygo measurement on next slide White-light interferometer gives surface and thickness profiles with sub-micron prec. top surface measurements with Zygo NDNC 2014

12 12 X-ray rocking curve for U40 excellent result for thinned diamond! surface of U40 was not treated after ablation NDNC 2014

13 UC300-3-U25 According to our measurements, this diamond was cut down 275µm. Resulting in an active area that is less than 25µm thick NDNC 2014

14 Thickness Profile NDNC 2014

15 Surface Variation NDNC 2014

16 16 Observations on ablated sample Central region looks good Sharpness of the walls does not degrade with depth Pileup of amorphous carbon is not catastrophic So far no clouding of the ablation chamber window from residue Excellent flatness of the central region Excellent flatness of the central region Producing central regions <30µm Producing central regions <30µm Exploring annealing techniques Exploring annealing techniques NDNC 2014

17 17 Questions? NDNC 2014

18 18 Extra Slides NDNC 2014

19 19 New vs. Old Spot Profile Approx. 0.3mm Approx. 0.2mm Approx. 0.60mm Approx. 0.15mm Wider spot size in y allows for larger step sizes and faster rasterizing. Aspect Ratio 1.5 Aspect Ratio 4 before after NDNC 2014

20 20 NDNC 2014


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