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LOGO Development of Guidelines for Water Quality Management and Stabilizing of Hydrological and Hydroecological Regimes of the Black Sea Estuaries and.

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Presentation on theme: "LOGO Development of Guidelines for Water Quality Management and Stabilizing of Hydrological and Hydroecological Regimes of the Black Sea Estuaries and."— Presentation transcript:

1 LOGO Development of Guidelines for Water Quality Management and Stabilizing of Hydrological and Hydroecological Regimes of the Black Sea Estuaries and Danubian Lakes on the Basis of Mathematical Modelling Development of Guidelines for Water Quality Management and Stabilizing of Hydrological and Hydroecological Regimes of the Black Sea Estuaries and Danubian Lakes on the Basis of Mathematical Modelling Leading specialists: Eugen Dmytrovich Gopchenko, Doctor of Science (Geography), Professor Yuri Stepanovich Tuchkovenko, Doctor of Science (Geography), Senior Researcher Department of Hydrology ODESSA STATE ENVIRONMENTAL UNIVERSITY 15 Lvovskaya Str., Odessa 65016, Ukraine tel. +38 (0482)

2 OBJECTS OF HYDRODYNAMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING OBJECTS OF HYDRODYNAMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING Danubian Lakes Lake of Kitai (China)Lake of Yalpug Black Sea Estuaries Tuzla Group of Estuaries Dnipro-Bug Estuary Dofinovka Estuary

3 ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF THE DANUBIAN LAKES ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF THE DANUBIAN LAKES Fall of water level below UMO (minimum water level) in low-water years 1 Increase in water salinity to the levels in excess of the optimum values for drinking water use and irrigation in the summer period 2 Deepening of euthrophication, overgrowing with macrophytes, aggravation of water pollution at lowering of water level within a vegetation period 3 Instability in dynamics of ecosystem performance, its environmental state and productivity in the years with low water 45 Necessity for perfection of plans of water-resource management with the ecological factors being taken into account

4 ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OF THE BLACK SEA ESTUARIES SUBJECT TO THE HINDERED WATER CYCLE WITH THE SEA ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OF THE BLACK SEA ESTUARIES SUBJECT TO THE HINDERED WATER CYCLE WITH THE SEA Shallowing of the estuaries in the years with low water Strong fluctuations in water and salinity levels during a year Instability in dynamics of ecosystem performance, its environmental state, productivity, terms for fish-farming Water quality deterioration in the period of summer isolation (salinification, deepening of euthrophication,overgrowing, hypoxia, contamination) Loss of balneological resource of the estuaries Lack of plans for economic and environmental management

5 RATED AREAS IN THE NORTH-WESTERN PART OF THE BLACK SEA RATED AREAS IN THE NORTH-WESTERN PART OF THE BLACK SEA

6 Complex of Mathematical Models for Determination of Management Strategy Complex of Mathematical Models for Determination of Management Strategy 1 Models for forming water-salt balance in water bodies, methods for estimation of balance equation constituents 3 Numerical simulation models for build-up of water quality in water bodies and shelf marine aquatoriae (containing the sets of autopurification and eutiphication of waters) 2 Numerical hydrothermodynamic simulation models

7 SUB-MODELS COMPOSING THE APPLIED MODEL FOR BUILD-UP OF WATER QUALITY SUB-MODELS COMPOSING THE APPLIED MODEL FOR BUILD-UP OF WATER QUALITY Three-dimensional hydrothermodynamic model, describing and turbulent diffusion of admixture in a water environment under various hydrometeorological conditions, taking into account the morphological features of a basin (bathymetry, configurations of the sides) and river flow

8 The set of self-purification, with which one calculates any decreases in concentration of a polluting substance at every particular spatial point due to the combined action of various physicochemical, chemical,biochemical, and biological processes taking place in the marine environment SUB-MODELS COMPOSING THE APPLIED MODEL FOR BUILD-UP OF WATER QUALITY SUB-MODELS COMPOSING THE APPLIED MODEL FOR BUILD-UP OF WATER QUALITY

9 The set of eutrophication involving a system of mutually coupled differential equations which describe the biogeochemical cycles of biogenic elements,production and destruction of organic substance, trophic connections, and the dynamics of oxygen at any particular point of water environment SUB-MODELS COMPOSING THE APPLIED MODEL FOR BUILD-UP OF WATER QUALITY SUB-MODELS COMPOSING THE APPLIED MODEL FOR BUILD-UP OF WATER QUALITY

10 FEATURES OF HYDRODYNAMIC SET OF THE MODEL OF WATER QUALITY FEATURES OF HYDRODYNAMIC SET OF THE MODEL OF WATER QUALITY Three-dimensional thermodynamic forecasting model, based on the use of «primitive» equations of hydrodynamics 1 implemented in the curvilinear on the vertical system of co- ordinates 2 can be utillized for reservoirs and seashelf aquatoriae the separate areas of which have a subgrid scale in one of the horizontal directions (mouths of the rivers, narrow channels, canals etc.) 3

11 FEATURES OF HYDRODYNAMIC SET OF THE MODEL OF WATER QUALITY FEATURES OF HYDRODYNAMIC SET OF THE MODEL OF WATER QUALITY provided with a set of adapting of hydrometeorological information from the borders of the crated area 4 makes it possible to devide total flows into constituents: wind, density, flow, and barotropic ones 5 makes it possible to reproduce spatio-temporal changeability of thermohaline structure of waters, fields of admixture, fluctuations of water level, three-dimensional field of flows and intensity of turbulent exchange within the temporal segments from a few days to the annual cycle 6

12 DIAGRAM OF RELATIONS BETWEEN THE ELEMENTS IN THE SET OF EUTROPHICATION OF A WATER QUALITY MODEL DIAGRAM OF RELATIONS BETWEEN THE ELEMENTS IN THE SET OF EUTROPHICATION OF A WATER QUALITY MODEL

13 WATER OBJECTS, WHERE THE MODEL WAS UTILIZED FOR THE PURPOSES OF WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT WATER OBJECTS, WHERE THE MODEL WAS UTILIZED FOR THE PURPOSES OF WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Tropical Water Bodies of the Colombian Coast of the Caribbean Sea: Lagoons of Sienaga de Teska and Sienaga de Santa Martha, the Bay of Cartagena Danubian Lakes: Kitai (China) and Yalpug Black Sea Estuaries: group of Tuzla Estuaries, Dofinovka Estuary, Dnipro-Bug Estuary Odessa Area of the North-Western Part of the Black Sea

14 WATER OBJECTS, WHERE THE MODEL WAS UTILIZED FOR THE PURPOSES OF WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT WATER OBJECTS, WHERE THE MODEL WAS UTILIZED FOR THE PURPOSES OF WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

15 LOGO


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