Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 The Utility of the Bays Eutrophication Model in the Harbor Outfall Monitoring Program James Fitzpatrick HydroQual,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 The Utility of the Bays Eutrophication Model in the Harbor Outfall Monitoring Program James Fitzpatrick HydroQual,"— Presentation transcript:

1 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 The Utility of the Bays Eutrophication Model in the Harbor Outfall Monitoring Program James Fitzpatrick HydroQual, Inc. September 22, 1999

2 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 Objectives of Water Quality Modeling n Define Cause and Effect Relationships n Define Impacts of Pollutant Sources n Assess Required Levels of Control n Evaluate Planning Alternatives for Water Quality Management n Focus Additional Monitoring and Research Needs n Assess Future Water Quality Conditions

3 Inflow Outflow Light Concerns Ecological Nutrients Nutrients Contaminants Organic Material Food Chain Community Structure Living Resources Human Health Contaminants Bacteria Viruses Bioaccumulation SEDIMENT Mammals Infauna Piscivorous Fish Zooplankton Phytoplankton Planktivorous Fish Epibenthos Demersal Fish Regeneration Detritus Particulate Microbes Dissolved WATER COLUMN Sources Rivers Rivers Boundary Boundary Nonpoint Effluents Exchange Gas Exchange N 2, | O 2, CO 2 ATMOSPHERE N, P, Si, O 2, CO 2 Microbes

4 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM ModelFormulation

5 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Chlorophyll Comparison Solid lines are the modeled response in Chlorophyll in the surface waters Open circles depict monitoring results

6 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Particulate Organic Carbon Comparison Solid lines are the modeled response in POC in the surface waters Open circles depict monitoring results

7 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model 1993 Fall Bloom Event Relationship among carbon, chlorophyll, and cell abundance during the Ocober 1993 Asterionellopsis Glacialis bloom

8 Regional Primary Production 1993

9 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Dissolved Oxygen Comparison Solid lines are the modeled response in DO in the bottom waters Closed circles depict monitoring results

10 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Temperature Comparison Solid lines are the modeled response in temperature Closed circles depict bottom water monitoring results Open circles depict surface water monitoring results

11 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Salinity Comparison Solid lines are the modeled response in salinity Closed circles depict bottom water monitoring results Open circles depict surface water monitoring results

12 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model DIN Comparison Solid lines are the modeled DIN response Open circles depict surface water monitoring results

13 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Sediment Oxygen Demand Solid lines are the modeled SOD at selected locations in Massachusetts Bay Closed circles depict monitoring results

14 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Mass Balance Capability

15 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Nitrogen Mass Balance

16 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Effluent Influence Total Nitrogen - Deer Island Total N concentration (solid lines) resulting from the boundary condition and effluent discharged from Deer Island and fraction contribution (dashed line) of MWRA effluent at various locations within Massachusetts Bay.

17 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Effluent Influence Total Nitrogen - Mass Bay Outfall Projected total nitrogen concentration (solid lines) resulting from the boundary condition and effluent discharged from Deer Island and fraction contribution (dashed line) of MWRA effluent at various locations within Massachusetts Bay.

18 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model Predictive Capability Distribution chlorophyll in surface waters under two nutrient loading regimes COL = Current outfall location FOL = Future outfall location

19 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 n the spatial decrease in phytoplankton biomass in Mass Bay as a function of distance from Boston Harbor n the limitation of the winter/spring diatom bloom in Cape Cod Bay by silica n the limitation of summer primary productivity by DIN n the annual cycle of primary productivity in northwest Mass Bay n the annual cycle of DO, with minimum bottom water concentrations occurring in late September and October The BEM appears to capture a number of spatial and temporal features of water quality within the Bays during the time period, including: BEM Model Compatibility to Measured Responses

20 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 n The Asterionellopsis glacialis bloom observed in the fall of 1993, however, estimates of the magnitude of the bloom may be exaggerated due to low C:Chl-a ratios observed in the A. glacialis n the minimum DO concentrations in the fall of 1994, however, the model was able to compute minimum DO concentrations that were approximately 1 mg/L lower in the fall of 1994 as compared to 1992 and 1993 The BEM was not able to fully reproduce two of the unique features of the data set: BEM Model Limitations

21 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 n BEM is able to reproduce a number of the spatial and temporal features of water quality observed in the HOM data sets n BEM provides a tool with which to assess the relative importance of various nutrient inputs to the Mass Bays system n BEM provides a tool with which to assess the spatial and temporal effects of outfall relocation and increased nutrient inputs on primary productivity within the Mass Bays system n BEM can also suggest where additional monitoring and field studies need to be performed (e.g., open water boundaries and benthic primary productivity BEM Model Utility

22 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model DIN Comparison Solid lines are the modeled response in the ratio of DIN/DSI in the surface waters Open circles depict monitoring results

23 OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 BEM Model DIN Comparison Solid lines are the modeled response in the ratio of DIN/DSI in the surface waters Open circles depict monitoring results


Download ppt "OMSAP Public Meeting September 1999 The Utility of the Bays Eutrophication Model in the Harbor Outfall Monitoring Program James Fitzpatrick HydroQual,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google