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THE AMERICAN LEGION A LOOK INTO THE PAST THE NATIONAL ORGANIZATION AND THE DEPARTMENT OF TEXAS.

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Presentation on theme: "THE AMERICAN LEGION A LOOK INTO THE PAST THE NATIONAL ORGANIZATION AND THE DEPARTMENT OF TEXAS."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE AMERICAN LEGION A LOOK INTO THE PAST THE NATIONAL ORGANIZATION AND THE DEPARTMENT OF TEXAS

2 THE NATIONAL ORGANIZATION HOW DID IT ALL BEGIN WORLD WAR I AFTER THE WAR WHAT?

3 WORLD WAR I GROUPS OF MEN SENT OVERSEAS COMRADSHIP AND NEW EXPERIENCES A SENSE OF BELONGING CONCERN FOR THEIR FELLOW SOLDIERS LOOKING TOWARD THE FUTURE A SENSE OF PATRIOTISM

4 1919 THE BEGINNINGS MARCH MEMBERS OF AEF CONVENE CAUCUS IN PARIS MAY 8-10 ST LOUIS CAUCUS – AMERICAN LEGION NAME – DRAFT PREAMBLE AND CONSTITUTION JUNE 9 NEC ADOPTS LEGION EMBLEM SEPT 16 US CONGRESS CHARTERS THE AMERICAN LEGION NOV FIRST CONVENTION MINNEAPOLIS – --RESOLUTION SUPPORT FOR BOY SCOUTS

5 ACHIEVEMENTS OVER THE YEARS AUG 1921 EFFORTS RESULT IN CREATION OF US VETERANS BUREAU LATER THE VA JUL 1925 LEGION CREATES AMERICAN LEGION BASEBALL PROGRAM JUNE 1935 FIRST AMERICAN LEGION BOYS STATE IN ILLINOIS JUNE 1938 FIRST NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL ORATORICAL CONTEST DEC 1943 DRAFT OF GI BILL OF RIGHTS BY NATIONAL COMMANDER HARRY COLMERY – LEGIONS SINGLE GREATEST LEGISLATIVE ACHIEVEMENT

6 JUNE 1944 PRES ROOSEVELT SIGNS SERVICEMEN’S READJUSTMENT ACT/GI BILL OF RIGHTS JULY 1954 AMERICAN LEGION CHILD WELFARE FOUNDATION FORMED AUG 1969 NEC ESTABLISHED NATIONAL EMERGENCY FUND JAN 1989 VA ELEVATED TO CABINET-LEVEL STATUS OCT 1990 LEGION CREATES THE FAMILY SUPPORT NETWORK

7 JUNE 1991 LEGION HOST FIRST JUNIOR SHOOTING SPORTS NATIONAL AIR RIFLE CHAMPIONSHIPS JUNE 2008 PRES BUSH SIGNS INTO LAW POST 9/11 VETERANS EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT

8 KEY ELEMENTS PREAMBLE TO THE CONSTITUTION – TELLS WHAT WE ARE ALL ABOUT THE AMERICAN LEGION EMBLEM -SYMBOLIZES WHAT WE DO

9 DEPARTMENT OF TEXAS A LONG AND ILLUSTRIOUS HISTORY

10 IN THE BEGINNING -21 APRIL 1919 SAN ANTONIO CAUCUS – ST ANTHONY HOTEL – CLAUDE BIRKHEAD CHAIRMAN – SET RULES – ESTABLISHED COMMITTEES MEMBERSHIP/CREDENTIALS/EMPLOYMENT DELEGATES TO ST LOUIS CAUCUS HENRY LINDSEY OF TEXAS CHAIRMAN AT ST LOUIS

11 TEXAS LEGION CLAUDE BIRKHEAD FIRST COMMANDER OCT 1919 FIRST CONVENTION IN DALLAS – 18 DISTRICTS AND 78 POSTS – CONSTITUTION ADOPTED – NAME THE AMERICAN LEGION TEXAS BRANCH – RAISING FUNDS FOR HOSPITALS – REHABILITATION ONE OF THE EARLIEST PROGRAMS – HENRY HUTCHINGS ELECTED COMMANDER

12 1920’S A TIME OF UNCERTAINTY 1 AUG 1920 DEPARTMENT CHARTER ISSUED BY NATIONAL HQ NOW THE AMERICAN LEGION DEPARTMENT OF TEXAS KERRVILLE HOSPITAL LEGION ASSISTANCE TO VETERANS OF TEXAS MANDATED AT 1920 CONVENTION 1920 AUXILIARY LAUNCHED IN SAN ANTONIO 1920 HQ GUNTER BLDG MOVED TO DALLAS 1921 JUDGE ADVOCATE POSITION CREATED 1922 VETERANS’ LAWS OF TEXAS – DISCHARGES FILED AT NO COST – SUSPEND STATUTES OF LIMITATION 12 MONTHS AFTER DISCHARGE

13 1923 INTEREST IN BOY SCOUTS COMMUNITY SERVICE ATTITUDE OF POSTS 1923 KERRVILLE HOSPITAL COMPLETED IDEA OF NATIONAL SECURITY RISING 1924 JUNIOR BASEBALL CAUGHT ATTENTION OF LEGION 1925 BOARD OF TRUSTEES CREATED BY AMENDMENT TO BYLAWS 1926 HQ MOVED TO LAND OFFICE BLDG IN AUSTIN 1927 HQ MOVED TO 2 ND FLOOR STATE CAPITOL 24,592 MEMBERS AND 331 POSTS

14 1930’S THE WORLD IN TURMOIL 1931 BASEBALL 125 TEAMS 1931 LEGION HEIRS RESOLUTION 1932 WACO VETERANS FACILITY DEDICATED 1933 HEIRS BECOME SONS OF THE AMERICAN LEGION-NATIONAL APPROVED DISTRICTS SET AT 21 TO CONFORM WITH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 1935 STATE HIGHWAY 66 THE AMERICAN LEGION MEMORIAL HIGHWAY

15 1937 BOYS STATE IN TEXAS CREATION 1939 AL PROJECT HOUSE AT TEXAS A&M APPROVED 1939 CAR FOR COMMANDER MEMBERSHIP 26,838

16 1940’S WAR AGAIN PROGRAMS TO ORGANIZE BLACK VETERANS RESOLUTION TO ADD WWII VETERANS INTO AMERICAN LEGION 1941 HQ MOVED TO TRIBUNE TOWER BLDG IN AUSTIN 1943 HQ MOVED TO LITTLEFIELD BLDG 6 TH AND CONGRESS 1944 HIGHWAY 80 DEDICATED TO WWII VETERANS 1945 NEW VETERAN OFFICES IN DALAS, LUBBOCK, HOUSTON, WACO, AND SAN ANTONIO 1946 FIRST AL COLLEGE 1947 TX VETERANS AFFAIRS COMMISSION ENACTED INTO LAW

17 1949 BOXCARS DONATED FROM FRANCE – MERCI BOXCAR FOR TEXAS – INITIALLY AT CAMP MABRY IN AUSTIN MOVED TO TRAVIS POST NO 76 – 40&8 GIVEN CARE OF BOXCAR – 1949 MEMBERSHIP 100,043 END OF DECADE 94,244

18 1950’S A NEW ADVERSARY HQ MOVED TO BASEMENT OF COMMODORE PERRY HOTEL IN AUSTIN 1951 PURCHASED LAND ON CONGRESS AND 15 TH 1953 HQ MOVED 15 TH AND CONGRESS NEW BUILDING DEDICATED 1954 LONE STAR BOYS STATE BECOMES BOYS STATE 1956 BLACK DISTRICTS ADDED TO DEPARTMENT BRINGING THE TOTAL TO EMPLOYMENT RETIREMENT PLAN ESTABLISHED

19 1959 LEGISLATURE PURCHASES LAND ON CONGRESS –DEPARTMENT TO MOVE MEMBERSHIP 76,837

20 1960’S AN UNPOPULAR WAR STABILIZED COMMITTEES WITH FOUR: AMERICANISM, MEMBERSHIP AND ORGANIZATION, NATIONAL SECURITY, AND REHABILITATION 1962 BLACK YOUTHS AUTHORIZED FOR ADMISSION TO BOYS STATE 1964 HQ MOVED TO EAST AVE AND EAST 10 TH STREET IN AUSTIN

21 1965 SERVICE OFFICERS EXPANDED TO 4 2/WACO 2/HOUSTON 1965 TEXALPA ESTABLISHED 1966 HQ MOVED 10 TH AND I OIL WELL DRILLED AT BIG LAKE ON LEGION LAND DOUGHBOY & 4 FORMED 1969 GNUTS FORMED MEMBERSHIP 73,598

22 1970’S POW/MIA QUESTION 1976 LIBERTY BELL PURCHASED 1977 VICE COMMANDER NOW RESPONSIBLE FOR MEMBERSHIP MEMBERSHIP 79,747

23 1980’S 1983 US HIGHWAY 83 NAMED VIET NAM VETERAN MEMORIAL HIGHWAY TH DISTRICT DIVIDED NEW DISTRICT 23 RD 1985 MEDIA AWARDS 1986 DIRECT MEMBERSHIP SOLICITATION 1987 POW/MIA FLAG FLYING ENCOURAGED 1987 JOE MATTHEWS NATIONAL COMMANDER

24 1990’S 1990 BOYS STATE 50 TH ANNIVERSARY NON PROFIT ORGANIZATION RAFFLES 1991 POST HOMES EXEMPT FROM VALOREM TAX 1991 FAMILY SUPPORT NETWORK 1991 HOUSTON VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL CENTER 1991 BUY A CHEVY GET A PUFL

25 ,300 MEMBERS 1991 PATSY PALMQUIST COMMANDER 1992 ACTIVE TEXAS LEGIONNAIRE IN SPACE KEVIN CHILTON 1992 VA OUTPATIENT CLINIC IN FORT WORTH

26 2000 AND BEYOND A NEW CENTURY 2002 HQ MOVES TO 3401 BLUESTEIN BLVD 2003 LEGION COLLEGE IN TEXAS 2003 JOHN BRIEDON III ELECTED NAT COM 2003 DISCUSSION ON LEGION RIDERS 2003 REDISTRICTING DISCUSSIONS 2005 VET EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM MOVED FROM TX WORKFORCE COMM TO TX VETERANS COMM

27 2006 HQ BLDG UP FOR SALE 2007 FALLEN SOLDIER PLAQUES 2007 HQ MOVES TO 7901 CAMERON BLDG 3 SUITE LEGION TIMES ON WEB SITE 2007 WWII MEMORIAL ON CAPITOL GROUNDS 2007 #1 PINS INITIATED

28 2007 TX STATE CEMETERY –MONUMENT TO VIETNAM WAR VETS 2007 MEMBERSHIP 93, HQ MOVED TO 1624 E. ANDERSON LN

29 THE FUTURE DEPT OF TEXAS HAS ALWAYS BEEN A LEADER IN NATIONAL AFFAIRS FUTURE IS UNCERTAIN WITH LOSS OF WWII AND KOREAN VETS AFGHANISTAN AND IRAQ VETS WILL BE THE FUTURE OF THE AMERICAN LEGION HISTORY FOR THE FUTURE IS IN THE HANDS OF TODAYS MEMBERS


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