Presentation on theme: "6.4 The American Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
16.4 The American Revolution Enlightenment ideas help spur the American colonies to shed British rule and create a new nation.
2Learning Targets Explain the causes of the American Revolution Describe the Enlightenment ideas that are found in the American RevolutionSummarize the enlightenment ideas that are present in the Declaration of Independence, U.S. Constitution and Bill of RightsDiscuss the structure of the U.S. government and show its connections to Enlightenment ideas
3Write a response in your notes What do you like about our government?What do you not like about our government?Think about our government in comparison to the some of the other ones we talked about…
4Britain and Its American Colonies The American Colonies GrowAmerican colonies grow large and populous during the 1600s and 1700sColonies thrive economically through trade with EuropeBritain’s Navigation Act restricts that trade (1651)Other trade laws add restrictions and taxesColonists identify less and less as British subjects
5Write a response in your notes What do you think are the benefits of being a colony of Britain at this time?What are the drawbacks of being part of Britain at this time?
6Americans Win Independence British-Colonial Tensions AriseBritain and American colonies win the French and Indian War in 1763Britain taxes colonists to help pay the war debtsColonists argue that British cannot tax them without their consent
7Growing Hostility Leads to War Colonists protest tea tax with “Boston Tea Party” in (1773)Colonists meet in Philadelphia to address British policies (1774)British and Americans exchange fire at Lexington and Concord in (1775)
8The Influence of the Enlightenment Colonial leaders push for independence, rely on Enlightenment ideasDeclaration of Independence—document justifying colonial rebellionLeader Thomas Jefferson writes Declaration, uses ideas of John Locke
9“We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable [natural] rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”Declaration of Independence
10Success for the Colonists Despite British military might, colonists have advantages:Motivating cause of freedomFrench assistanceWar’s expense for BritainBritish surrender at Yorktown in 1781; colonists win the war
11Americans Create a Republic A Weak National GovernmentArticles of Confederation set government plan for new republicArticles create legislature only, no executive or judicial branchesResult is weak national government that fails to provide unity and order
12Americans Create a Republic A New ConstitutionLeaders call Constitutional Convention in 1787 to revise articlesGroup instead creates a new government under U.S. ConstitutionConstitution contains many political ideas of the Enlightenment
14Americans Create a Republic The Federal SystemConstitution creates three branches of governmentProvides checks and balances—ensures branches share power equallyPromotes federal system—power divided between nation and statesThe Bill of RightsSome fear too much national power, few protections of rightsLeaders win support for Constitution by adding a Bill of RightsTen amendments to Constitution that protect freedoms
15Write a response in your notes Look over page 209 in your book entitled “Democracy”Answer the following questionsWhat are the two key components of the American democracy that are mentioned?How has the number of eligible voters in this country changed?How many (what percentage) of American voters actually voted in the 2000 election? Why do you think the number it is so low/high?Do you think voting should be required by law? Why or why not?