Presentation on theme: "BELLRINGER Have a seat. Bring only paper and a writing utensil I need volunteers for the following roles. You will be reading a script. If you would."— Presentation transcript:
BELLRINGER Have a seat. Bring only paper and a writing utensil I need volunteers for the following roles. You will be reading a script. If you would like to volunteer sit to the right. Joshua Drake Mathew Crabtree John Hall Elizabeth Bentley Peter Smart
YOUR JOB… You are members of Parliament invited to hear testimony of Child Labor Write down items you hear that you feel need to be fixed At the conclusion of the testimony you will write the Factory Act – a law governing child labor
HISTORICAL CIRCUMSTANCE Positive Negative The industrial revolution had both positive and negative effects…. Mass production Better transportation Better technology Living standards poor Working conditions substandard Child labor
GOVERNMENT REFORM Reform: To Change The government made changes to help aid the negative effects of the IR They targeted child labor, working conditions, and living conditions
LIVING STANDARDS REFORM Building codes passed Fire exits All apartments must have at least 1 window Heat and fresh air Police force increased Prisons expanded Crime preventative Sewage systems expanded *Urban planning*
WORKING CONDITIONS: FACTORY ACT 1833 Write down at least two examples: Safety regulations on machines Fire safety plans Employees must get breaks every few hours Employees must receive lunch break Minimum wage No more than 8 hours a day Labor unions – negotiated pay and hours for workers
CHILD LABOR At first – the government did not believe that child labor was a big deal It was the last reform to be made Michael Sadler was a representative in Parliament He held a series of interviews to demonstrate the atrocities of child labor The result is the passing of the Factories Regulation Act 1833
SADLER REPORT We are going to read a excerpt of the transcripts of the Sadler Report I will play the role of Michael Sadler I need volunteers for the following roles: Joshua Drake Mathew Crabtree John Hall Elizabeth Bentley Peter Smart
FACTORIES REGULATION ACT 1833 Read the act on page 46 What changes were made with regards to child labor?
CHILD LABOR – FACTORY ACT 1833 No one under 18 can work at night 1.5 hours for meals when working 12 hours Cannot work machinery 2 hours of school per day Factory inspectors No one under the age 9 can work
RESULTS OF GOVERNMENT REFORM Standard of living increased and working conditions improved As a result – there were NOT communist revolutions as Marx predicted (not yet) This was because the government responded to the needs of the people (against the wishes of Smith) This created a mixed economy in Great Britain – Free market based on supply and demand (invisible hand), with government regulation, and producing traditionally valued products
EXIT TICKET Define laissez-faire Define invisible hand What kind of economy did Karl Marx advocate? Define bourgeoisie and Proletariat Who unified Germany?