Presentation on theme: "Gardner’s EIGHT INTELLIGENCES. Howard Gardner’s theory Howard Gardner defines intelligence as "the capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that."— Presentation transcript:
Howard Gardner’s theory Howard Gardner defines intelligence as "the capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more cultural setting" (Gardner & Hatch, 1989). Using biological as well as cultural research, he formulated a list of seven intelligences. This new outlook on intelligence differs greatly from the traditional view that usually recognizes only two intelligences, verbal and mathematical.
Who is Howard Gardner? Howard Gardner is a psychologist and Professor at Harvard University's Graduate School of Education. Based on his study of many people, Gardner developed the theory of multiple intelligences. Gardner defines intelligence as “ability to solve problems or to create products which are valued in one or more cultural settings.” According to Gardner, 8 different types of intelligence are displayed by humans.
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence c onsists of the ability to: detect patterns reason deductively think logically This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking. Famous examples: Albert Einstein, John Dewey.
Linguistic Intelligence a mastery of languageinvolves having a mastery of language the ability to effectively manipulate languageThis intelligence includes the ability to effectively manipulate language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically. language as a means to rememberIt also allows one to use language as a means to remember information. Famous examples: Charles Dickens, Abraham Lincoln, T.S. Eliot, Sir Winston Churchill.
Spatial Intelligence gives one the ability to manipulate and create mental images in order to solve problems. This intelligence is not limited to visual domains--Gardner notes that spatial intelligence is also formed in blind children. Famous examples: Picasso, Frank Lloyd Wright
Musical Intelligence encompasses the capability to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms. (Auditory functions are required for a person to develop this intelligence in relation to pitch and tone, but these functions would not be needed for the knowledge of rhythm.) Famous examples: Mozart, Leonard Bernstein, Ray Charles.
Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence is the ability to use one's mental abilities to coordinate one's own bodily movements. This intelligence challenges the popular belief that mental and physical activity are unrelated. The ability to use your body skillfully to solve problems, create products or present ideas and emotions. An ability obviously displayed for athletic pursuits, dancing, acting, artistically, or in building and construction. You can include surgeons in this category but many people who are physically talented–"good with their hands"–don't recognize that this form of intelligence is of equal value to the other intelligences. Famous examples: Charlie Chaplin, Michael Jordan.
Interpersonal Intelligence work effectively with othersThe ability to work effectively with others relate to other people to relate to other people empathyunderstanding display empathy and understanding motivations and goals.notice their motivations and goals. good teachers, facilitators, therapists, politicians, religious leaders and sales people.This is a vital human intelligence displayed by good teachers, facilitators, therapists, politicians, religious leaders and sales people. Famous examples: Gandhi, Ronald Reagan, Mother Teresa, Oprah Winfrey.
Intrapersonal Intelligence The ability for self-analysis and reflection–to be able to: quietly contemplate and assess one's accomplishments review one's behavior and innermost feelings make plans and set goals know oneself Philosophers, counselors, and many peak performers in all fields of endeavor have this form of intelligence. Famous examples: Freud, Eleanor Roosevelt, Plato.
Naturalist intelligence designates the human ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the natural world (clouds, rock configurations).designates the human ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the natural world (clouds, rock configurations). to make distinctions in the natural world and to use this ability productively–for example in hunting, farming, or biological science. Farmers, botanists, conservationists, biologists, environmentalists would all display aspects of the intelligence.Farmers, botanists, conservationists, biologists, environmentalists would all display aspects of the intelligence. Famous examples: Charles Darwin, Rachel Carson.
Can we be more than one? Yes! Although the intelligences are anatomically separated from each other, Gardner claims that the eight intelligences very rarely operate independently. Rather, the intelligences are used concurrently and typically complement each other as individuals develop skills or solve problems. For example, a dancer can excel in his art only if he/she has For example, a dancer can excel in his art only if he/she has strong musical intelligence to understand the rhythm and variations of the music bodily-kinesthetic intelligence to provide him with the agility and coordination to complete the movements successfully interpersonal intelligence to understand how he can inspire or emotionally move his audience through his movements