Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 1 Supplementary Module GMP.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 1 Supplementary Module GMP."— Presentation transcript:

1 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 1 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Prepared by : Haryanto Susilo- Indonesia Surachai Piyayodilokchai - Thailand Stephanie Wong Choong Moy- Malaysia Approved by : Asean Cosmetic GMP Team GMP SUPPLEMENTARY TRAINING MODULE WATER FOR COSMETIC USED

2 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 2 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005  Introduction  Water contaminants  Sources of water  Water treatment  Water purification engineering  Water testing  Inspection of water treatment plants  References CONTENT OF PRESENTATION

3 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 3 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 INTRODUCTION

4 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 4 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 To define the type of water used as the main component of the cosmetic formula with the right quality with respect to the chemical and microbiological content to prevent cross contamination. OBJECTIVE

5 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 5 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Like any starting material, water must conform to Good Manufacturing Practice Like any starting material, water must conform to Good Manufacturing Practice It must be “potable” and minimally comply with the quality of the national standard of drinking- water It must be “potable” and minimally comply with the quality of the national standard of drinking- water Systems must be properly maintained to avoid contaminants Systems must be properly maintained to avoid contaminants Specifications and periodic testing is required Specifications and periodic testing is required Monitoring record is needed Monitoring record is needed BASIC PRINCIPLES

6 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 6 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Types of water used in cosmetic processes are as follows: For product: 1. Tap water conforming to national standard 2. Purified water (deionized, reverse osmosis) for cosmetic production For cleaning: 1. Softened water For rinsing: same quality as for the product 1. Water for final Rinse For sanitation: 1. Steam WATER TYPE

7 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 7 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 WATER CONTAMINANTS

8 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 8 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 No water is free from contaminants Contaminant groups: ä ä Chemical compounds ä ä Physical compounds ä ä Solids ä ä Gases ä ä Micro-organisms (algae, protozoa, bacteria) Mineral contaminants : ä ä Calcium and magnesium ä ä Iron and manganese ä ä Silicates ä ä Carbon dioxide ä ä Hydrogen sulfide WATER CONTAMINANTS (1) ä Phosphates ä Copper ä Aluminium ä Heavy metals ä Nitrates

9 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 9 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 WATER CONTAMINANTS (2) Treatment depends on water’s chemistry and contaminants such as: 1. Rainfall 2. Erosion 3. Pollution 4. Dissolution 5. Evaporation 6. Sedimentation 7. Decomposition

10 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 10 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 TURBIDITY Turbidity may come from: 1.Silt, clay, and suspended materials 2.Small particles include "colloids"

11 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 11 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Water hardness classification mg/L or ppm as CaCO 3 Soft0-60 Moderate Hard Very hard> 180 WATER HARDNESS

12 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 12 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Source of raw water 1.Rain water 2.Surface or ground water 3.Well or borehole 4.Municipal or civil – “tap water” 5.Purchased in bulk WATER SOURCES

13 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 13 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Well construction 1.Inspect exposed parts of the well 2.Depth of well Check: 1.Nearby septic systems 2.Hazardous materials usage (pesticides, fertilizers, etc) 3.“Potability” 4.Well maintenance WELL WATER

14 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 14 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 STORAGE OF WATER

15 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 15 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov May be required prior to pre-treatment 2.Check material of construction  concrete, steel are acceptable but check corrosion  plastics or plastic linings may leach 3.Check cover  to keep out insects, birds and animals 4.Check disinfection practices RAW WATER STORAGES

16 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 16 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 THE WATER TREATMENTS

17 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 17 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 WATER TREATMENT GUIDANCE The following should be monitored : Sources of water Treatment procedures Water treatment equipment Monitoring records required Water treatment guidance All water-treatment systems should be subject to: planned maintenance verified monitoring Maintenance work should be documented

18 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 18 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov Disinfection ( i.e. chlorination ) 2. Flocculation/coagulation (i.e. by alum) 3. Filtration through multi-media filter (gravel- sand-carbon) to 10 micron 4. Filtration through filter size of 1 micron 5. Re-disinfection (i.e. chlorination to eliminate germs) PRE-TREATMENT GUIDANCE

19 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 19 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Activated-Carbon (AC) Filtration or Bisulphite CHLORINE REMOVAL

20 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 20 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 WATER SOFTENER

21 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 21 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Water treatment room External raw water storage WATER TREATMENT COMPLEX

22 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 22 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 WATER PURIFICATION ENGINEERING Reverse osmosis system

23 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 23 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 To examine the basic technology and requirements for: Water treatment systems Storage requirements Sampling and testing Microbial limits, disinfection OBJECTIVES

24 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 24 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 There should be:   proper pipe slope to avoid stagnation and can be drained easily;   Proper fittings & connections that can be easily cleaned and sanitized;   constructed of suitable materials such as polyethylene material, stainless steel, etc.   water circulation   non-return valves (NRV) WATER SYSTEM DESIGN

25 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 25 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Further water treatment purification stages downstream of the pre-treatment system :   Pre - disinfection - flocculation   Filtration   Softening column   Disinfection   De-ionization System   Reverse osmosis plus deionization   UV system   Looping of water WATER PURIFICATION STAGES

26 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 26 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 There should be no dead legs Water scours deadleg If D=25mm & distance X is greater than 50mm, we have a dead leg that is too long. Deadleg section <2D Flow direction arrows on pipes are important Sanitary Valve D X WATER SYSTEM DESIGN (1)

27 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 27 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov The water is contaminated as it passes through the valve 2. In Ball valves, Bacteria can grow when the valves are closed 1. Butterfly valves are better than Ball valves Stagnant water inside valve WATER SYSTEM DESIGN (2)

28 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 28 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Cationic column Anionic column Hygienic pump Outlets or storage. Ozone generator UV light HClNaOH Eluates to neutralization plant Air break to sewer Drain line from water softener Water must be kept circulating Return to de-ioniser Cartridge filter 5 µm Cartridge filter 1 µm DE-IONIZER SCHEMATIC

29 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 29 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 DE-IONIZER OPERATION

30 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 30 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 raw water High pressure Feed water under pressure Reject water Semi-permeable membrane Permeate water drain or recycle Low pressure Purified water REVERSE OSMOSIS THEORY Reverse osmosis may be used to: purified water feeding of distillation units or ultra-filtration units water for final rinse

31 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 31 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 RO SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM DRINE TANK

32 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 32 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Branch 2nd stage buffer tank Cartridge filter 1 µm Second stage RO cartridge First stage filtrate feeds second stage RO with excess back to 1st stage buffer tank. 1st stage reject concentrate Air break to sewer Second stage reject water goes back to first stage buffer tank Second stage RO water meets Pharmacopoeia standards Outlets or storage 1st stage buffer tank Water from softener or de-ioniser Water returns to 1st stage buffer tank Hygienic pump First stage RO cartridge High pressure pump 2-STAGES RO SCHEMATIC

33 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 33 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Note : Fm : Flow rate sensor with LCD display FL : Flow indicator (rotametor) COMBINED TREATMENT (1)

34 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 34 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Multi media column ~ detailed views FRONT VIEWSIDE VIEWCUT VIEWTOP VIEW BOTTOM VIEW COMBINED TREATMENT (2)

35 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 35 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Reservoir of incoming waterReverse osmosis system De-ionized water treatmentTreated Water in the storage tank COMBINED TREATMENT (3)

36 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 36 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Typical water storage and distribution schematic diagram Water must be kept circulating Spray ball Cartridge filter 1 µm Air break to drain Outlets Hygienic pump Optional in-line filter 0,2 µm UV light Feed Water from DI or RO Heat Exchanger Ozone Generator Hydrophobic air filter & burst disc WATER STORAGE & DISTRIBUTION

37 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 37 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Heat One of the most reliable methods of disinfection of water systems Ozone Produced easily Leaves no residue UV UV does not “sterilize” Flow rate critical Post-irradiation recontamination may be an issue Lamps have short life Other chemicals Sodium Hypo-chlorite solution DISINFECTION

38 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 38 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 WATER TESTING

39 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 39 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 There must be a sampling procedure Sample integrity must be assured Sampler training Sample point Sample size Sample container Sample label Sample storage and transport Arrival at the laboratory Test record WATER SAMPLING

40 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 40 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Basic principle of water testing are as follows: Method verification Chemical testing Microbiological testing test method types of media used incubation time and temperature objectionable and indicator organisms manufacturer must set specifications THE WATER TESTING

41 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 41 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 WATER SPECIFICATIONS DESCRIPTIONPh.Eur.USPJP Color Clarity & consistency Odor pH Cl< 0.5-pass test SO 4 past test-pass test NH 4 < 0.2-< 0.05 Ca / Mgpass test-- Nitrates< 0.2-pass test Nitrites--pass test Conductivity (µS/cm)*-< 1.3- Oxidizable subspass test- Solid (ppm)< 10- TOC (ppb)< 500 Colorless Clear liquid Odorless * For cosmetic used 5-7 -

42 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 42 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Sampling locationTarget AlertAction Raw water Post multimedia filter Post softener Post activated carbon filter Feed to RO RO permeate Points of Use BACTERIAL LIMITS Suggested bacterial limits (CFU /mL) (no E-coli form bateria,no pathogenic bacteria)

43 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 43 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 INSPECTION OF WATER TREATMENT PLANTS

44 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 44 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Procedure for cleaning and sanitization of water treatment system should be available and with defined written procedure which may consist of the following: frequency cleaning agent sanitizing agent acceptance criteria documentation CLEANING & SANITATION

45 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 45 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Conducting the inspection Take the schematic diagram and walk around the entire system Check:   dead legs   filter   pipes and fittings   DI   storage tanks   by-pass lines  pumps  UV lights  sample points  RO  non return valves  heat exchangers INSPECTION (1)

46 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 46 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Check: stainless steel, PE, PP pipelines are appropriate outside the storage tanks and mixing room. storage tanks and mixing room,the pipelines should be appropriate and stable material i.e.stainless steel welding quality (right welding material) hygienic couplings (stainless steel) passivation air breaks or “Tundish ” INSPECTION (2)

47 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 47 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Check pipes and pumps for   hygienic couplings   welded pipes   hygienic pumps   hygienic sampling points   acceptable floor slope   leaks INSPECTION (3)

48 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 48 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Staining on water storage tanks Corrosion on plates of heat exchangers indicates possible contamination Check condition of equipment INSPECTION (4)

49 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 49 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 Check maintenance records Check maintenance of pump seals and O rings INSPECTION (5)

50 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 50 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 More points to check (Contd.) 1. 1.UV light – monitoring performance and lamp life and intensity 2. 2.Validating ozone dosage 3. 3.Specifications for acids, alkalis for DI system and sodium chloride for water softener 4. 4.“Normally open” and “normally closed” valves INSPECTION (6)

51 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 51 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005 REFERENCES 1.ASEAN Guidelines for Cosmetic GMP (2003) 2.WHO EDM, Supplementary Training Modules on Good Manufacturing Practice, Water for Pharmaceutical Use, Part 1,2, and 3. (2001) 3.WHO, Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 2nd edition, volume 1 (1993) 4.WHO, Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 2nd edition, volume 2, (1996) 5.WHO, Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 2nd edition, Volume 3; (1997) 6.WHO, Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 2nd edition, Addendum to Volume 1 & 2 (1998)

52 Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 52 Supplementary Module GMP Workshop Kuala Lumpur Nov 2005


Download ppt "Project co-financed by European Union Project co- financed by Asean European Committee for Standardization Implementing Agency 1 Supplementary Module GMP."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google