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The British Colonial System in the 18th Century Predicting the sources of conflict between the colonists and the Crown.

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Presentation on theme: "The British Colonial System in the 18th Century Predicting the sources of conflict between the colonists and the Crown."— Presentation transcript:

1 The British Colonial System in the 18th Century Predicting the sources of conflict between the colonists and the Crown

2 Nature of the English/colonial Economy 1. Internal Economy of England: 2. External Economy of England  Mercantilism  based on idea that capitalism leads to avaricious and degenerate behavior  Control through monopoly and price fixing

3 Mercantilism Prevalent theory in the 16th-18th Centuries  Wealth is power  National wealth depends on gold and silver.

4  Exports are better than imports (Favorable Balance of Trade)  Colonies existed to supply raw materials to the Mother Country

5 Mercantilism (con.)  You then pass laws that prevent the colonists from producing certain finished goods.  Questions: 1.How does a favorable balance of trade favor the Mother Country? 2.From the American viewpoint, what are the incentives and disincentives of Mercantilism?

6 What laws did England pass? 1. Navigation Acts A.These acts said that only British or American ships could transport goods B.All goods coming to America had to pass through a British Port first. WHY? 2. Control of Industries A.Woolen Act of 1699 B.Hat Act of 1733 C.Iron Act of 1750

7 Effects of Mercantilism Positive   N.E Shipbuilding prospered   Chesapeake tobacco had monopoly in Eng.   English military forces protected colonies from potential Spanish and French attacksNegative   Colonial manufacturing was limited   Chesapeake farmers received low prices for their crops   Colonists had to pay high prices for manufactured goods from England

8  Did the colonists always follow the Navigation Acts? --of course not, we are Americans!!!! --did England care? NO! Why? Salutary Neglect  Before the 1760s: Gains from the Navigation Acts > Costs of Salutary Neglect  After 1760, the costs go up greatly – England tries to establish a monopoly over Colonial trade, but the colonies want to continue trading with other countries  Before 1775 Loyalists > Patriots

9 British Political Controls The key event is the Glorious Revolution of 1688

10 The Glorious Revolution  Change from an Absolute Monarchy to a Constitutional Monarchy  Ended the Divine right of Kings which says_______  What role would Parliament have?  What role would the people have?

11  Constitutional Monarchy says that the power of the Ruler is limited by –Law –Parliament –Ultimately than by the PEOPLE  Government depends on the consent of the People  Why would this be a revolutionary concept?

12 Glorious Revolution Impact  Parliament makes the law  No standing army  Regular elections and meetings of Parliament  Yearly taxes, not at the whim of the Crown  War only by the consent of parliament

13 Glorious Revolution Impact on the Colonies  America applied the ideas of the Revolution to their situation (greater impact than in England)  Colonial assemblies sought to limit the authority the crown had over them  They also asserted control over: taxes, appointment of local officials and setting the governor’s salary  Principle of colonial autonomy is established— will eventually be a rallying cry

14 Comparing the Two British System  Patronage  Limited franchise  Representation unrelated to population  Virtual Representation North American System  No patronage  Unlimited franchise  Representation related to population  Actual Representation In what areas do you foresee problems between the colonists and the Crown?


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