Presentation on theme: "The British Colonial System in the 18th Century"— Presentation transcript:
1 The British Colonial System in the 18th Century Predicting the sources of conflict between the colonists and the Crown
2 1. Internal Economy of England: based on idea that capitalism leads to avaricious and degenerate behaviorControl through monopoly and price fixingNature of the English/colonial Economy2. External Economy of EnglandMercantilism
3 Mercantilism Prevalent theory in the 16th-18th Centuries Wealth is powerNational wealth depends on gold and silver.
4 Exports are better than imports (Favorable Balance of Trade)Colonies existed to supply raw materials to the Mother Country
5 Mercantilism (con.)You then pass laws that prevent the colonists from producing certain finished goods.Questions:How does a favorable balance of trade favor the Mother Country?From the American viewpoint, what are the incentives and disincentives of Mercantilism?
6 What laws did England pass? Navigation ActsThese acts said that only British or American ships could transport goodsAll goods coming to America had to pass through a British Port first. WHY?Control of IndustriesWoolen Act of 1699Hat Act of 1733Iron Act of 1750
7 Effects of Mercantilism PositiveN.E Shipbuilding prosperedChesapeake tobacco had monopoly in Eng.English military forces protected colonies from potential Spanish and French attacksNegativeColonial manufacturing was limitedChesapeake farmers received low prices for their cropsColonists had to pay high prices for manufactured goods from England
8 Did the colonists always follow the Navigation Acts? --of course not, we are Americans!!!!--did England care? NO! Why? Salutary NeglectBefore the 1760s: Gains from the Navigation Acts > Costs of Salutary NeglectAfter 1760, the costs go up greatly – England tries to establish a monopoly over Colonial trade, but the colonies want to continue trading with other countriesBefore 1775 Loyalists > Patriots
9 British Political Controls The key event is the Glorious Revolution of 1688
10 The Glorious Revolution Change from an Absolute Monarchy to a Constitutional MonarchyEnded the Divine right of Kings which says_______What role would Parliament have?What role would the people have?
11 Constitutional Monarchy says that the power of the Ruler is limited by LawParliamentUltimately than by the PEOPLEGovernment depends on the consent of the PeopleWhy would this be a revolutionary concept?
12 Glorious Revolution Impact Parliament makes the lawNo standing armyRegular elections and meetings of ParliamentYearly taxes, not at the whim of the CrownWar only by the consent of parliament
13 Glorious Revolution Impact on the Colonies America applied the ideas of the Revolution to their situation (greater impact than in England)Colonial assemblies sought to limit the authority the crown had over themThey also asserted control over: taxes, appointment of local officials and setting the governor’s salaryPrinciple of colonial autonomy is established—will eventually be a rallying cry
14 Comparing the TwoBritish SystemPatronageLimited franchiseRepresentation unrelated to populationVirtual RepresentationNorth American SystemNo patronageUnlimited franchiseRepresentation related to populationActual RepresentationIn what areas do you foresee problems between the colonists and the Crown?