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Vocabulary Using context clues. Context Clues 6 main types Definition Restatement Example Comparison Contrast Inference.

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Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary Using context clues. Context Clues 6 main types Definition Restatement Example Comparison Contrast Inference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vocabulary Using context clues

2 Context Clues 6 main types Definition Restatement Example Comparison Contrast Inference

3 1. Definition Signaled words or phrases – Or – Which is – Also called/also known as – That is – In other words

4 Definition Our teacher received a small stipend, or payment, for giving travel lectures to local clubs. Signal word – or Gives you enough info to understand – Stipend = payment To fully understand, check the dictionary

5 Definition Stipend = payment (context clues) Stipend: a payment made from an allotment of money set aside for a particular purpose, most often for services beyond a person’s regular job duties. (dictionary)

6 2. Restatement Provides words or phrases that are another way of saying the definition Example: The company did a lucrative business last year; sales and profits doubled. – Lucrative = profitable

7 Restatement Complete your examples… 1-6

8 3. Example Provides examples Determine category Signaled words or phrases – Such as/Like – For example/For instance – Other – Especially – This/These

9 Example The governor asked that farmers make use of all arable land such as corn and wheat fields. What do corn and wheat have in common? – Crops raised in fields – Arable = land that can grow crops

10 Example Complete your sentences…7-12

11 4. Comparison Gives you clues – As – Like – Similar to – Also – Related to – In the same way

12 Comparison Look for what is compared (use clues) Identify characteristic of word you know Apply characteristic to new word Define new word

13 Comparison The tawny dog, as golden as a lion, startled us. Comparing dog to lion (signal word as) Lion is gold Dog must be gold Tawny = golden

14 Comparison Exercise time…do 13-18

15 5. Contrast Differences Signal clues: – But – Unlike – Although – On the contrary – Even though – However

16 Contrast Look for difference (signal clues) Find characteristic of word you know That characteristic NOT true for new word Define new word

17 Contrast The judge was unwilling to give a harsh punishment to the defendant since he was so young; however, he was hesitant to give a punishment that showed too much clemency in the case. Clemency = mildness or compassion

18 Contrast Your turn…do 19-24

19 6. Inference Isn’t directly stated Look at details & add them up While exploring the ancient pyramids in Egypt, the scientist discovered the mummy of a king buried in a sarcophagus with elaborate designs.

20 Inference While exploring the ancient pyramids in Egypt, the scientist discovered the mummy of a king buried in a sarcophagus with elaborate designs. Sarcophagus = coffin used in ancient times for burying the dead

21 Inference Your turn…finish 25-30


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