Presentation on theme: "Workshop: Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency! José Roberto A. Igreja Robert C. Young."— Presentation transcript:
Workshop: Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency! José Roberto A. Igreja Robert C. Young
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency! What´s fluency? How can we define someone who´s fluent in a language? Fluent > Dictionary definition: Able to speak with ease; able to speak a language effortlessly and correctly source: Encarta on-line dictionary When a person is fluent, they can speak a language easily, well and quickly source: Cambridge Advanced Learner´s Dictionary Being able to interact in a foreign language with native speakers of this language; able to communicate effectively.
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency! Foreign language fluency: the 4 components Reading > the ability to easily read and understand texts written in the language; Writing > the ability to formulate written texts in the language; Listening Comprehension > the ability to follow and understand speech in the language; Speaking > the ability to produce speech in the language and be understood by its speakers.
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency! What do native speakers of English make use of in their speech when they talk? Slang Colloquial terms Phrasal verbs (present in both formal and informal language) Idioms Present Perfect >>> Students need to be exposed to real language...
Phrasal verbs: always present in everyday language! 1.Someone failed to show up for an appointment with you. What did this person do to you? > stood you up 2. You can´t understand someone because he´s speaking too fast. What do you tell this person to do? > slow down 3. You are offered a job but you refuse to accept it. What do you do? > turn it down 4. It´s late at night and you decide to go to bed. What do you decide to do? > turn in 5. You manage to find the solution to a problem. What do you manage to do? > figure it out or work it out
Phrasal verbs: always present in everyday language! 6. You persuade someone to do something for you. What do you do? > talk him/her into doing something for you 7. You persuade someone not to do something. What do you do? > talk him/her out of doing it 8. All of a sudden you decide not to do something you had agreed to do. What do you do? > back out 9. Someone stops talking suddenly or refuses to talk about a subject. What does he or she do? > clam up 10. You defend or support someone in an argument. What do you do? > back him/her up
Students should also be aware that literal equivalence is not always possible... “A gota d´água...... que faz o balde transbordar” “The last straw...... that breaks the camel´s back” Um mar de rosas A bed of roses
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency! Language chunks / Collocations Achados e perdidos quick train; quick food; fast meal; fast shower Natural English: fast train; fast food; quick meal; quick shower
Collocations Non-fat Skim Condensed Chocolate Whole Steamed Soy A glass of A carton of Low-fat
Collocations > Time What words collocate with “time”? free time right on time run out of time save time spare time spend some time take your time tell someone the time time goes by waste time Time flies!!!
Collocations > Pay pay attention pay by credit card pay cash pay interest pay someone a compliment pay someone a visit pay the bill pay the price pay a fine pay your respects Pay through the nose
Use of sports idioms in American culture Throw in the towel boxing Touch base with baseball
Use of sports idioms in American culture Tackle a problem American football Dive into it swimming
Use of sports idioms in American culture Pass the baton / Pass the torch athletics Shoot basketball
Use of sports idioms in American culture Down and out (boxing) Take a rain check (baseball) Jump the gun (athletics) Out of my league (baseball) By a nose (horse racing) Hole in one (golf)
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency! Practical strategies on how to be more fluent: a. Watch movies, TV and You Tube and try to model speaking and intonation. b. Study vocabulary and expressions for specific and real life situations. c. Find movie scripts on the internet and print them for verbal practice. d. Get on a chat room. e. Film yourself and have a native speaking teacher evaluate you if possible. f. Do response exercises. Write down popular questions or expressions and test yourself to respond quickly and with accurate pronunciation.
Variety: The more... the better... 1. Be very busy = Have one’s hands full 2. Ready = All set 3. Disappoint someone = Let someone down 4. Seriously; really = No kidding 5. I have no idea = I don’t have a clue; Beats me! 6. Break into pieces; collapse = Fall apart 7. Eat some food or a small meal = Grab a bite to eat 8. Decide = Make up one’s mind 9. Appear; arrive = Show up 10. Very tired = Beat; Bushed 11. Very quickly or soon = In no time 12. Absolutely not!; definitely not! = No way! 13. At risk; in danger of being lost = At stake 14. Full of = Packed with 15. Provide accommodation for someone = Put someone up
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency! Formal X Informal Language: two sides of the same coin! Que odor desagradável = Puta catinga/fedô! Essential measures should be undertaken at the earliest opportunity. You should do whatever you have to as soon as you can. Prior to the discovery of America, potatoes were not consumed in Europe. Before they discovered America, Europeans didn't eat potatoes
Formal X Informal Language: two sides of the same coin! The situation and the people we are talking to set the level of language formality or informality... Students need to be exposed to both... In everyday speech, informal language prevails...
Tour of the book Fale Inglês como um Americano by José Roberto A. Igreja and Robert C. Young Disal Editora - 2010
Tour of the book - Overview Stats on the book: 222 pages 30 dialogues 30 illustrations A set of exercises after each dialogue 3 review units: extra exercises Answer key 1 CD = 30 dialogues Fale Inglês como um Americano by José Roberto A. Igreja and Robert C. Young Disal Editora - 2010
Variety: The more... The better... 16. Frighten; scare = Spook 17. Do something before it should be done, before considering the situation carefully = Rush into things 18. Go ahead and start talking = Shoot! 19. Nice meeting you too! = Same here! 20. Very well dressed = Dressed to kill 21. Pay for something = Pick up the tab 22. Very rarely; hardly ever = Once in a blue moon 23. Choose something; make a choice = Take one´s pick 24. Use your influence to get something = Pull strings 25. Enjoy something greatly = Get a kick out of something 26. Nervous and easily upset = On edge 27. Someone who is not drinking any alcohol anymore = On the wagon 28. Show one´s feelings openly = Wear one´s heart on one´s sleeve 29. Remind one of something; seem familiar = Ring a bell 30. Postpone until a later time = Take a rain check
What´s the idiom behind the picture? The tip of the iceberg: A small part of something much larger The first politician found guilty is just the tip of the iceberg. Many more will fall afterwards.
What´s the idiom behind the picture? Kill time: spend time doing something while waiting to do something else “We have an hour to kill before the movie starts. Let´s go get something to eat.”, Luke told his friends.
What´s the idiom behind the picture? Give someone the red carpet treatment: treat someone in a special way After winning the contest Cindy was given the red carpet treatment at a five star hotel for a week. Laugh one´s head off: laugh very much and very loudly. Jack laughed his head off when he saw Mike imitating their friend Bob.
What´s the idiom behind the picture? Chicken out: be afraid to do something Mary chickened out of the climb when she saw how high the cliff was. Sit on the fence: not to take sides in a dispute You´ll have to take sides. You can just sit on the fence anymore!
What´s the idiom behind the picture? Break the ice: initiate conversation; get something started “What do you do for a living?”, Neil asked the girl he had been introduced to, to break the ice.
What´s the idiom behind the picture? Couch potato: someone who is not very active and spends a lot of time watching t.v. Many children are becoming couch potatoes from playing video games all day long.
Wrapping up To receive this powerpoint presentation by e-mail... José Roberto A. Igreja firstname.lastname@example.org Robert C. Young email@example.com