11Types of Milk and Dairy Products: Raw Milk: No processing or fortifications. Milk taken straight from the cow.Whole Milk: 3-6% fat. Children should drink whole milkLow-fat Milk (1%-2%): 2.5 g – 4.5 g of fat.Skim Milk: FAT FREE!Chocolate Milk: Regular 1% milk plus cocoa and sweetenersDry Milk: Evaporated milk ( preserves it)Buttermilk: Fermented cows milk – sour bacteria in milkEvaporated Milk: Half of milk’s water is evaporated.Sweetened Condensed Milk: Water is removed and sugar added. (thick and sweet)Sour Cream: Fermenting cream (fat) with lactic acid bacteria.Yogurt: Milk product made by adding bacteria to skim milk.(lactic acid acts on the protein and gives yogurt it’s texture).11
12Milk and Dairy FactsEXPLAIN how you should store fresh AND canned milk?Fresh milk needs to be refrigerated and can still be good 5-7 days after the date stamped on the carton.Canned milk can be stored on the shelf until opened and then must be stored in the fridge.12
13To prevent these things from happening: When cooking milk, four undesirable things can happen if you are not careful.CURDLINGBOILING OVERFORMING A SKINSCORCHINGTo prevent these things from happening:STIR IT CONSTANTLYUSE LOW HEAT13
14Natural CheeseNatural refers to the cheesemaking process in which cheese is made directly from milk by coagulating or curdling milk, stirring and heating the curd, draining the whey and collecting or pressing the curd.Natural cheeses can be classified into various groups, such as:Soft/fresh, unripenedSoft, ripenedSemi-soft, ripenedFirm/hard, ripenedVery hard/grating, ripened
15Processed CheeseProcessed cheese is a blend of fresh and aged natural cheese that have been mixed and heated (cooked) with an addition of an emulsifier salt, after which no further ripening occurs.Other food ingredients may also be added for flavor and function. These products, available in a variety of color intensities and flavors tailored to food processing applications, are often selected for their uniform melt, consistent flavor and excellent slicing properties.
16Milk is very good for you, but it can also contain a lot of FAT Choose dairy products that are low in fat, such as:Skim milkNon-fat yogurtLow fat cheese
17Lowering Fat Content in Recipes How can you lower the fat content in a recipe?By using a lower fat content milk product.Skim instead of 2%Using yogurt instead of sour creamSometimes add a little baking soda to complete the substitution.