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The Ancient Near East Neolithic 9000 - 4000 BCE Mesopotamia: “land between two rivers” Sumerian Rule 3500-2300 BCE Akkadian Rule 2300 - 2100 BCE Old Babylonian.

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Presentation on theme: "The Ancient Near East Neolithic 9000 - 4000 BCE Mesopotamia: “land between two rivers” Sumerian Rule 3500-2300 BCE Akkadian Rule 2300 - 2100 BCE Old Babylonian."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Ancient Near East Neolithic BCE Mesopotamia: “land between two rivers” Sumerian Rule BCE Akkadian Rule BCE Old Babylonian Rule BCE Assyrian Rule BCE Neo-Babylonian Rule BCE Persian (Achaemenid) Rule BCE

2 Sumerian cultureCuneiform

3 Sumerian culture (Sumerian Rule: c BCE) Pictograph Tablet Early form of writing, developed for accounting

4 Cuneiform Tablet

5 Sumerian Sculpture 3D objects Cylinder Seals - c BCE

6 Sumerian Architecture Temple of sky god Anu (White Temple) on a ziggurat (ziggurat = temple platform), Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq), BCE

7 Sumerian Architecture Nanna Ziggurat c BCE

8 Sumerian Sculpture / 3D objects Face of a Woman (Inanna?) c BCE alabaster, height approx. 8”

9 Sumerian Sculpture / 3D objects Face of a Woman Artist reconstruction

10 Sumerian Sculpture / 3D objects Uruk Vase c BCE alabaster, 36”

11 Sumerian Sculpture / 3D objects Votive Statues from Abu Temple at Tell Asmar c BCE Limestone, alabaster and gypsum Height of largest 30”

12 Sumerian Sculpture / 3D objects

13 Bull’s Head Lyre c BCE

14 Sumerian Sculpture / 3D objects

15 Akkadian Sculpture / 3D objects Head of Sargon I (?) Bronze, height 12” c BCE

16 Akkadian Sculpture / 3D objects Stele of Naramsin Limestone, 6’6” c BCE

17 Akkadian Sculpture / 3D objects Stele of Naramsin - details

18 Babylon (Babylonian Rule BCE) Stele of Hammurabi Susa (Iran), c BCE Basalt, approx. 7’ (height of carved relief approx. 28”)

19 Assyria (Assyrian Rule BCE) Lamassu guardian figures reign of Assurnasirpal II c. 880 BCE reign of Sargon II c. 720 BCE

20 Assyria Artist conception of lamassu guardian figures in the throne room of Assurnasirpal II

21 Assyrian Palace reliefs 1. Assurnasirpal II Hunting Lions c. 850 BCE 2. City Attacked with a Battering Ram c. 850 BCE 3. Dying Lioness c. 650 BCE (King Assurbanipal) King Assurnasirpal II c BCE

22 Assyria - Palace reliefs c. 850 BCE Assurnasirpal II Hunting Lions

23 Assyria - Palace reliefs c. 850 BCE City Attacked with a Battering Ram

24 Assyria - Palace reliefs Dying Lioness c. 650 BCE

25 Neo-Babylonia (Neo-Babylonian Rule BCE) Reconstruction drawing of Babylon in the 6th century BCE

26 Neo-Babylonia Ishtar Gate c. 575 BCE, glazed brick (restoration)

27 Neo-Babylonia Ishtar Gate reconstruction

28 Achaemenid Persia (Persian Rule BCE) Current excavation of Persepolis (Iran) c. 500 BCE

29 Persia Ceremonial complex, Persepolis View facing the Apadana (audience hall)

30 Persia

31 Wall relief from Apadana: Lion Attacking a Bull

32 Persia Artist conception of palace interior - note structural function of bull capitals Column capitals with bull imagery

33 Persia Darius and Xerxes receiving Tribute Apadana stairway, ceremonial complex, Persepolis Limestone, 8’4” BCE


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