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What must we give up in order to live in peace?. Classifying: Making Choices. Brainstorm about the things you do every day. Then classify each activity.

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Presentation on theme: "What must we give up in order to live in peace?. Classifying: Making Choices. Brainstorm about the things you do every day. Then classify each activity."— Presentation transcript:

1 What must we give up in order to live in peace?

2 Classifying: Making Choices. Brainstorm about the things you do every day. Then classify each activity as: 1) ones that are totally your choice 2) ones in which you have some choice, or 3) ones in which you have no choice. Look for patterns in the types of items that appear under each heading. Freedom to choose is an important issue in the novel

3 The Lottery.

4 Research Utopian cities What is its system of government, What is its physical description, How do/will its people spend their days. Discuss how that community would change and grow. Compare these communities to the one in the novel. DUE MONDAY, APRIL 20 3 – 5 pages

5 What benefits does this group expect from defining itself as "other"? What are the disadvantages? How does the mainstream culture put pressure on such a group?

6 Research Genetic Engineering Genetic Engineering. Research genetic engineering and tell whether they think it is right or wrong to tamper with nature in this way. Write a persuasive essay on this issue. DUE MONDAY, APRIL 20 2 pages

7 Themes Family relationships Diversity Euthanasia

8 Major Characters Jonas The Giver Gabriel

9 Reading schedule 4/2Chapters 1 – 4 4/3Chapters 5 – 8 4/6Chapters 9 – 15 4/7Chapters 16 – 18 4/8 finish the book

10 What have you found so far? Utopian societies Genetic engineering

11 Create a "perfect" community Give it a name, A system of government, A physical description, An account of how its people spend their days. Discuss how that community would change and grow. What roles would history and memories of painful events play in the growth of the community? What would have to be added to our own society in order to make it perfect? What would be lost in this quest for perfection? 5 minutes

12 Discussion Question: In The Giver, each family has two parents, a son, and a daughter. The relationships are not biological, but are developed through observation and a careful handling of personality. In our own society, the make up of family is under discussion. How are families defined? Are families the foundations of a society, or are they continually open for new definitions? 5 minutes

13 Personal response Describe one of your greatest memories as well as one of your more painful memories. What makes the first memory such a fond one, and what makes the second memory one that you would just as soon forget. Would you give up your fondest memory if it meant you also would be able to forget your most painful memory? Why or why not? 15 minutes

14 Chapter 11 questions

15 Discussion Question: The Giver pictures a community in which every person and his or her experience is precisely the same. The climate is controlled, and competition has been eliminated in favor of a community in which everyone works only for the common good. What advantages might "Sameness" yield for contemporary communities? In what ways do our differences make us distinctly human? Is the loss of diversity worthwhile? 5 minutes

16 Discussion Question: Underneath the placid calm of Jonas's society lies a very orderly and inexorable system of euthanasia, practiced on the very young who do not conform, the elderly, and those whose errors threaten the stability of the community. What are the disadvantages and benefits accepting assisted suicide/euthanasia? 5 minutes

17 Dialectical journal Chapter A dialectical journal is a way of learning to interact with your text. DIALECTIC means “the art or practice of arriving at the truth by the exchange of ideas.” The purpose of this journal is to allow you to have a “conversation” with the text that will deepen your understanding of its contents.

18 Metaphor: A direct relationship where one thing or idea substitutes for another. Act II Shakespeare often uses light as a metaphor for Juliet; Romeo refers to her as the sun, as “a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear,” and as a solitary dove among crows. This use of metaphor helps to describe how Juliet is set apart in her beauty. A jewel would be in stark, beautiful contrast to the dark skin of someone from Ethiopia, as would a white dove in a group of black crows.

19 Chapters Somehow, you come upon Jonas’s Community…a group of people living peacefully, no poverty, no suffering, no pain, no war. Should you tell them about pain and war and all those bad things, or not? List the arguments for telling them, then list the arguments for not telling them. Then decide whether you’d tell them or not. EXCEPT for the “Release” of babies and others, describe what you think are the worst parts of the society described in this book.

20 PRESIDENT is to REPUBLIC as MONARCH is to __________. ECSTATIC is to JOYOUS as MELANCHOLY is to__________. FLOCK is to BIRDS as ___________________ is to INSECTS. CENSOR is to BOOKS as ________________ is to SPEECH. PERMANENT is to BRIEF as ETERNAL is to _____________. HUNGRY is to STARVING as HAPPY is to _____________. SELFISH is to GIVING as INNOVATIVE is to ______________.

21 Character Analysis for Jonas, The Giver, and Jonas’ father Character How is the character described? direct and/or indirect characterization (quotes) What is his/her relationship to other characters? How to others react to him/her? What are his/her important actions? What are the consequences of those actions?

22 Genetic engineering What did you find out? What do you think?

23 Genetic Engineering is like an assembly line

24 Not a new concept… first successful freezing of bull semen frogs cloned from asexual tadpole cells frogs cloned using cells of older tadpoles “Baby Louise” was conceived in a laboratory dish through in vitro fertilization “Baby M” was born to a surrogate mother through artificial issemination-1983 Dolly, the sheep was reproduced in the exact genetic image of its mother- 1996/ 1997 Cloning of a Rhesus monkey whose reproductive development is close to a human’s Cloning of two more sheep, Molly and Polly with human blood clotting proteins in their milk which will be extracted to treat human hemophilia -1997

25 Cloning has been successful in these areas. What makes the difference in trying it with human beings?

26 Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre Assembly line Caste system via genetic engineering “Community, Identity, Stability”

27 Chapter 1 - Audio clip Think aloud Jot down anything that sticks out to you that you: Don’t understand… Have a question about… Find interesting… Want to know more about…

28 Summarizing activity Note for an absent student – what would you tell them about Brave New World so far?

29 Extending activity

30 Vocabulary to define through context Fretsawyers Burgeoned Viviparous Peritoneum Deftly Demijohns

31 Homework Chapters 1 – 2 Find the meaning of these words in Chapter 2: Neo-pavlovian Apoplectic Spasmodic Gratuitous Indefatigably Sibilan Asafoetida

32 What are you? Alpha Beta Epsilon Gamma Delta α Α β Β ε Ε γ Γ δ Δ Description of each Pluses and minuses of each one

33 This sounds like fraternities and sororities HOMEWORK Your job: Make a connection between the social castes in this novel to the fraternities/sororities on the campus of your choice. Symbols, colors, service programs If you are not attending a four-year college, there are other fraternal organizations that use greek symbols

34 Annotate the text As you read mark or take notes similarly to yesterday…. What stands out? What do you question? What do you connect?

35 OUTSIDE, in the garden, it was playtime. Naked in the warm June sunshine, six or seven hundred little boys and girls were running with shrill yells over the lawns, or playing ball games, or squatting silently in twos and threes among the flowering shrubs. WHAT?!?!

36 "I always think," the Director was continuing in the same rather maudlin tone, when he was interrupted by a loud boo-hooing.

37 10 vocabulary words minimum 5 – 7 literary devices

38 Answer these questions What literary devices occur? What is the effect of these devices? How does the form of the novel change? What was the author’s purpose in doing this? What is the role of sex? For adults? For children? What does this say about this utopian society? Who is Ford? What part does history play in this society?

39 Quiz Who is Mustapha Mond? What are Lenina and Fanny doing at the beginning of the chapter? What does Lenina make sure she takes? How did the community members learn lessons?

40 Literary devices Historical allusions –Trotsky –“He waved his hand….whisk”

41 How does the form of the novel change? What was the author’s purpose in doing this? Shifts in Point of View

42 What is the role of sex? For adults? For children? What does this say about this utopian society? It is encouraged For adults – everyone belongs to everyone else For children – erotic games are the norm “Family, monogamy, romance. Everywhere exclusiveness, a narrowing channelling of impulse and energy.” Traditional taboos are non-existent here

43 Who is Ford?

44 What part does history play in this society?

45 What is the purpose of the games that are played in this society? –Refer in particular to the Director's statement at the beginning of Chapter 3? –Refer at least to the statements like 'Ending is better than mending. The more stitches, the less riches;..‘ –Also consider Fanny's statement later in the same chapter when she says ''s got to play the game. After all, everyone belongs to everyone else.' To what extent in this novel has this society reduced life to a series of clichés and sex to a game? (Remember to use apt evidence.)

46 Bernard Character analysis How is he described? Describe his relationships and interactions with other characters. What are the motivations for his actions?

47 Persuasion BNW messageGoalCommercial message Goal “Everyone belongs to everyone else” No monogamy so no personal commitments or feelings – leads to total control Pepsi – Certain classes only enjoy certain things Consumers Erotica is okDesensitization “Glad I am not a Gamma” Social class distinctions “A gramme is better than a damn.” Escape the reality of the situation

48 Chapters 6- 8 quiz THINK What was the Most Important Thing in Chapters 6 – 8? PAIR Find a neighbor SHARE Make you neighbor understand why what YOU chose was the most important. IF YOU CHOSE THE SAME THING, find a pair that chose something different and make them understand your point of view.

49 Dichotomy Discuss the dichotomous nature in these relationships Bernard and Helmholtz London and the Savage Reservation Huxley’s precision of description and understatements Fanny and Henry

50 Point of View Third Person Omniscent

51 Themes so far….. Freedom vs. Confinement Identity; Society and Class Dissatisfaction

52 Motifs so far….. Drugs Sex – the lack of boundaries regarding sex and eroticism

53 Chapter Nine Quiz Lenina, disgusted by the Reservation, takes enough soma to incapacitate herself for eighteen hours. Bernard flies to Santa Fé to call ____________. He repeats his story to a succession of secretaries before finally reaching the World Controller. ________ agrees that ______ and ______ are a matter of scientific interest to the World State. He instructs Bernard to visit the Warden of the Reservation to pick up the orders that will release them into his care.

54 Chapter Nine quiz continued… Meanwhile, fearful that Bernard and Lenina have left without him, John __________________. He rifles through Lenina’s things before he finds her passed out on the bed. He gazes at her, quietly quoting passages from ____________. He wants to touch her but fears that it would defile her. As he gazes at her, Bernard's ___________ approaches, and John is able to run from the house and hide his trespass.

55 Character analysis of John Do you remember the six questions for character analysis? How is he described? What are his actions? What are the motivations for those actions? How do others respond to those actions? What conflicts does he face (internal and external)? List three important quotes and the significance of each.

56 Discuss the following John’s quotes and hypnopaedia Irony of Lenina’s soma holiday

57 Chapter 10 quiz P – what did you like about the chapter? I – what did you find interesting in the chapter? M – what did you not care for in the chapter?

58 Chapter 11 is a trip!!! This is probably the chapter that some parents had a problem with. (YIKES)

59 1. What happens to the D.H.C. after the scene in the Fertilizing Room? 2. Give three reasons why no one had the smallest desire to see Linda. 3. How does Dr. Shaw justify keeping Linda on a soma-holiday even though it will shorten her life? Explain Bernard's sudden increased popularity. 4. Give two reasons the Savage (John) shows little astonishment or awe at civilized inventions. 5. Describe the Savage's reaction to the sight of work being done by single Bokanovsky groups. 6. Who is Ariel? 7. What do you think the phrase "civilized infantility" means? 8. In the Electrical Equipment Company, "each process is carried out, so far as possible by a single Bokanovsky group." Explain what this means. 9. The Savage views the factory, saying, "O brave new world that has such people in it." What are his true feelings about the people? How do you know? 10. The libraries of the World State contain only reference books. Why is this so? 11. How is John affected by the feelies?

60 Chapter 12 Bernard Marx is very upset. Why? What is Lenina's feeling for John? *What honor does the Arch-community-Singer pay Lenina? (What would his title be in our society?) *Mustapha Mond is reading A New Theory of Biology. Why will it NOT be published? What does this say about freedom of ideas? *Bernard is not the only one in trouble with authority. Who also is in trouble? What caused this trouble? Helmholtz Watson is very intelligent. Then why does he laugh about certain passages in Romero and Juliet? What does this say about the power of conditioning even among the Alphas?

61 Chapter 12 quiz What is so wrong with the paper Mustapha Mond is reading? What was so wrong with the rhymes Helmholtz wrote? What happens to the relationship between Bernard and Helmholtz

62 Chapter 13 questions These Shakespeare plays are quoted in Chapter 13: The Tempest Troilus and Cressida Timon of Athens Othello King Lear Twelfth Night Why do you think Huxley chose these quotes from these plays?

63 Do you agree? ‘Happiness and stability in society are more important than freedom.’ ‘An individual’s freedom is more important than his/her happiness and the stability of society as a whole.’ Support BOTH statements Refute BOTH statements

64 Each group gets a board Make a list of ideas and thoughts that support your belief

65 Mustapha Mond says: ‘We believe in happiness and Stability. What are his arguments in favor of these things? How does he say they are achieved? Do you agree with him? Give reasons for your opinion. How does Mond say he will punish Bernard and Helmholtz? What are their reactions and what do their reactions show about them? Imagine that you could have a conversation with Mustapha Mond. Write down what you would say to him.

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