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The Land of the Pharaohs Presented by: Mrs. Simmons.

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Presentation on theme: "The Land of the Pharaohs Presented by: Mrs. Simmons."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Land of the Pharaohs Presented by: Mrs. Simmons

2 ►Location: Northeast corner of Africa ►Size: Approximately 997,740 sq. km ►Capital: Cairo ►Major River: The Nile ►Deserts: Sahara, Libyan, Nubian

3 The ancient Egyptians endured a hot, dry climate with very little annual rainfall.

4 The Nile provided: 1.Water for crops 2.Fertile soil 3.Food 4.A water highway 5.Papyrus The Nile River made it possible for the ancient Egyptian civilization to flourish.

5 KINGDOMDATESCONTRIBUTIONSAGE Old Kingdom 2700- 2200 B.C.E. Strong central government, built great pyramidsAge of Pyramids Middle Kingdom 2000- 1800 B.C.E. Great achievements in literature, art, architecture Age of Reunification New Kingdom 1600- 1100 B.C.E. Height of Egypt's power, increased trade, built monuments Golden Age

6 In ancient Egypt, your social class was determined by your job. Most of the population was at the bottom. The pharaoh, at the top, was not only the king and ruler but was also considered to be a god.

7 Khufu 2551-2528 B.C.E. Built the Great Pyramid Senusret I 1971-1926 B.C.E. Encouraged Egyptian art and literature Hatshepsut 1473-1458 B.C.E. First female pharaoh and promoted Egyptian trade Ramses II 1290-1224 B.C.E. Superior military leader

8 Rich and powerful were buried in elaborate tombs Tombs provide artifacts and treasures Excavations continue today

9 We have briefly explored the Land of the Pharaohs. LAND Geography Climate The Nile PHARAOHS Kingdoms Society Great Pharaohs Tombs There is more to learn as we unlock the mysteries of ancient Egypt…

10 Frey, W., (2004). History alive!: The ancient world. Palo Alto, CA: Teachers’ Curriculum Press. Lewis, E., McGrath, T.J., Sharon, S.B., Smail, D. (1995). World cultures. Morristown, NJ: Silver Burdett Ginn. Pictures

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