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Global Issues of Marine Turtle Conservation Frameworks for International Collaboration Liz McLellan Global Species Programme/Asia Pacific Marine Turtle.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Issues of Marine Turtle Conservation Frameworks for International Collaboration Liz McLellan Global Species Programme/Asia Pacific Marine Turtle."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Issues of Marine Turtle Conservation Frameworks for International Collaboration Liz McLellan Global Species Programme/Asia Pacific Marine Turtle Conservation 13 th September 2006

2 Multilateral Environmental Agreements What are the benefits? Collectively decide upon actions at the national, regional and international level Implement shared goals of conservation and sustainable use Complementary approaches and operational tools

3 Gulf States Parties to MEAs and MOUs CountryCBDFAOCMSIOSEACITES United Arab Emirates Qatar Saudi Arabia Yemen Bahrain Oman Islamic Republic of Iran Kuwait

4 1) All Gulf States are signatories 2) Convention requires Signatories to develop national biodiversity strategies and action plans 3) Not regulatory but legally binding 4) Signatories implement a collectively agreed Programme of Works - Marine + Protected Areas particularly relevant to marine turtles

5 CMS (Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals) Not regulatory, but legally binding Appendix I Appendix I - Migratory species threatened with extinction throughout all or a significant proportion of their range Appendix IIAppendix II - Migratory species that have an unfavourable conservation status or that would significantly benefit from international co-operation Saudi Arabia and Yemen are Signatories The Convention encourages the Range States to conclude global or regional Agreements, or MoUs – e.g.IOSEA

6 The only regulatory MEA – power to restrict or stop wildlife trade Provides a framework – Parties must adopt their own domestic legislation to implement CITES at the national level. Around 5,000 species of animals and 25,000 species of plants are protected by CITES. Appendix I bans commercial trade in species threatened with extinction. Appendix II regulates international trade in species whose survival in the wild may be threatened if levels of trade are not regulated. Appendix III is a list of species included at the request of a Party that needs the cooperation of other countries to help prevent illegal exploitation.

7 CITES Committees – representation in the Gulf States The Standing Committee - Representatives for Asia: China, Japan and Malaysia; alternates: India, UAE and Jordan The Animal and Plant Committees - Representatives for Asia: Iran and Indonesia.

8 Marine Turtle listings Marine turtle speciesIUCN Red ListCMS listingCITES listing Leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) Critically Endangered Appendix I & IIAppendix I Green turtle (Chelonia mydas) EndangeredAppendix I & IIAppendix I Loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) EndangeredAppendix I & IIAppendix I Olive Ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) EndangeredAppendix I & IIAppendix I Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) Critically Endangered Appendix I & IIAppendix I

9 Hawksbill shells - bekko The hawksbill trade

10 Gulf States Signatories Oman Iran Saudi Arabia Conservation of marine turtles and their habitats 24 signatories to date Non-legally binding regional MOU under CMS

11 IOSEA Conservation and Management Plan Objectives 1.Reduce direct and indirect causes of marine turtle mortality 2.Protect, conserve and rehabilitate marine turtle habitats 3.Improve understanding of marine turtle ecology and populations through research, monitoring and information exchange 4.Increase public awareness of the threats to marine turtles and their habitats, and enhance public participation in conservation activities 5.Enhance national, regional and international cooperation 6.Promote implementation of the MoU including the Conservation and Management Plan

12 Outcomes of IOSEA 4 years on CMP – broad framework for action, vehicle for regional collaboration, Website – clearing house and showcase for progress National reporting against CMP (+FAO Technical Guidelines) – some analysis of progress IMAPs Species assessments led by Scientific Committee What else needs to happen? Priorities for action from CMP, targets and indicators to measure progress against Funding base needs to be broadened in order to deliver outcomes

13 Year of the Turtle 2006 “Cooperating to Conserve Marine Turtles – our Ocean's Ambassadors” CELEBRATE marine turtles ENSURE a future SAVE a marine turtle habitat REDUCE turtle mortality STUDY your turtles

14 FAO – Technical Guidelines on Reducing Sea Turtle Mortality in Fishing Operations 25 th Session of FAO COFI - recommendation for review and, if appropriate, guidelines be drawn up Technical Consultation held in 2004, Technical Guidelines being developed Outcomes of Tech Consultation endorsed by COFI 26th Session Actions for FAO, Member States and RFMOs Covers all fishing gears, both commercial and artisanal All Gulf States are Member States of FAO and are required to observe Guidelines Outcomes: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/009/j3 941e.pdf

15 FAO "Reduction of environmental impact from tropical shrimp trawling" project 12 countries + SEAFDEC (IGO) Gulf State participants : Bahrain, Iran “Preliminary results (Mexico) show a by- catch reduction of 30 percent to 60 per cent…….a reduction in fuel consumption and a 20 percent increase in the shrimp catch,” UNEP News Release 2006/39 ftp://ftp.fao.org/FI/DOCUMENT/rebyc/BycatchBook_Final_05.pdf

16 Regional Fisheries Management Organisations Increasingly, RFMOs are broadening approach and mandates to include ecosystem effects of fishing Indian Ocean Tuna Commission – seabird bycatch draft resolution 2006, no marine turtle resolution to date Iran and Oman are members IOSEA has attended Working Party Bycatch meetings

17 Multilateral Environmental Agreements can provide a valuable framework for the conservation of migratory species such as marine turtles

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