The United Kingdom United Kingdom is located in the Western Europe, on the British Islands, including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland, between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France. Britain is divided into areas called counties. counties The flag of the United Kingdom is officially called the Union flag, because it embodies the emblems of three countries united under one monarch. The Union Flag is commonly known as the Union Jack. Union Jack.Union Jack.
The flag of the UK The flag of the UK, known as the Union Jack, is made up of three crosses. The upright red cross on a white background is the cross of the 1 St George, the patron saint of England. The white diagonal cross on a blue background is the cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. The red diagonal cross on a white background is the cross of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland.
The United Kingdom The United Kingdom is the political name of the country which consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland (sometimes known as Ulster)England Scotland, Wales Northern Ireland Total territory is 244,820 sq km. The population of the United Kingdom is over 58 million people. The main nationalities are: English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish. Official languages are English, Welsh and Scottish. The Chief of the state is Queen Elizabeth II since 6 February 1952; the Heir of the Crown is Prince Charles, the son of the queen.Queen Elizabeth
Look at the maps. See the difference. Choose the correct caption for each map: The British Isles, The United Kingdom, Great Britain.
Coats of arms In the Royal Arms three lions symbolize England, a lion rampant-Scotland, and a harp- Ireland. The whole is encircled and is supported by a lion and a unicorn. The lion has been used as a symbol of national strength and of the British monarchy for many centuries. The unicorn, a mythical animal that looks like a horse with a long straight horn, has appeared on the Scottish and British royal coats of arms for many centuries, and is a symbol of purity.
Wales Wales is the country in the west of Great Britain. It is a country of lakes and mountains. It is about a half size of Switzerland and it has the population more than three million inhabitants. The capital of Wales is Cardiff. The Welsh flag, called the Welsh dragon, represents a red dragon on a white and green background. The national symbol of Wales is a yellow daffodil or a leek.
Scotland Scotland is the northern part of Great Britain. Scotland is full of mountains and lakes. Five million people live in Scotland. Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland. The Scottish flag is a white cross on a blue background. A thistle is a national symbol of Scotland
England England is the largest and richest country of Great Britain. The capital of England is London. A red rose is the national emblem of England from the time of the Wars of the Roses.the Wars of the Roses.
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland, also known as Ulster, is still a part of the United Kingdom. It is made up of six countries: Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry, Tyrone. The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast. The national emblem of Ireland is shamrock.
The Wars of Roses In the 15 th century there was a series of wars in England, which were called the Wars of Roses. They were between the Dukes of Lancaster and the Dukes of York over who should be King. The emblem of Lancaster was the red rose and the emblem of York was the white rose. The Duke of Lancaster won, so the emblem of England is the red rose.
Итог урока What is the official name for the flag of the United Kingdom? What do three lions in the Royal Arms symbolize? What does the unicorn symbolize? Where is the United Kingdom located? How is the Welsh flag called? Scotland is the northern part of Britain, isn’t it? What is the capital of Wales? How many countries are there in Northern Ireland? What ocean and seas are the British Isles washed by?