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Sea Power & Maritime Affairs

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Presentation on theme: "Sea Power & Maritime Affairs"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sea Power & Maritime Affairs
Introduction Course Overview

2 Today’s Objectives Introductions Explain course structure
Define course Set context for US naval history Birth of navies Evolution of technology, strategy & tactics Important events in naval history Antiquity to American Revolution

3 Who am I?

4 LT XXXX [insert biographic info]

5 Who are you? Name School Major Career aspirations
Knowledge of naval history (1=nothing, 10=expert) Enjoyment of naval history (1=no at all, 10=my favorite topic) What you hope to learn

6 Course Structure From To Date Midterm American Revolution World War I
Final Post-World War I Today Paper 1* Paper 2* *Proofreads due two weeks before paper due date

7 Grading Graded Item Percentage Participation 10% Paper I 10%
Paper II % Class Presentations 10% Quizzes % Midterm % Final 25%

8 Grading Exact number & above No rounding A 93 A- 89 B+ 87 B 83 B- 79
77 C 74 C- 69 D+ 67 D 64 D- 59 F <59 Exact number & above No rounding i.e =A-

9 Dates

10 Rules Uniforms Food & Drink Head policy Cell phones Laptops Sleeping
Unexcused absences Late assignments

11 Books Hagan, Kenneth J. and Michael T. McMaster, eds. In Peace and War: Interpretations of American Naval History. 30th Anniversary ed. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2008. Symonds, Craig L. The Naval Institute Historical Atlas of the U.S. Navy. Annapolis, MD: The Naval Institute, 2001.

12 Students Sign Up

13 Syllabus 1 Introduction 1 2 The American Revolution, : Competing Naval Strategies 3 The U.S. Navy in the Napoleonic Era, The U.S. Navy, : Power Projection and Technological Revolution 5 The Civil War, : Two American Navies 6 Developments of Naval Technology and Strategy, The Dawning of the Age of Mahan, The U.S. Navy and American Imperialism, The U.S. Navy and World War I, U.S. Naval Strategy and National Policy, World War II: The U.S. Navy in North Africa, the Mediterranean, and the Atlantic, World War II: The U.S. Navy in the Pacific, The U.S. Navy in the Early Cold War, The U.S. Navy in the Strategy of Containment, The U.S. Navy, Vietnam and Limited War, The Era of Retrenchment: Presidents Ford and Carter, The U.S. Navy from the Maritime Strategy to “9/11,” The U.S. Navy since 2001

14 Questions? Insert video

15 Why learn US maritime history?

16 Why learn US maritime history?
Professional Core Competencies (PCCs) Know the significant events of U.S. naval history. Comprehend the historical evolution of sea power and its effects on world history. Know the fundamental national interests of the U.S. and potential adversaries. Know the effect the evolution of third world countries and the development of international terrorist movements have had on the interests, policies, and strategies of the U.S. Heritage “Those who forget history are doomed to repeat it.”

17 Why learn US maritime history?
Perspective on today’s international tensions. 3/4 of planet is covered by water 90% of worlds commerce travels by sea Majority of population lives by oceans

18 8 Key Themes Reference Handout

19 Theme #1 Navy as an instrument of foreign policy Century Theme All
Command of the sea Power projection 19th Commercial Expansion Showing the Flag 20th Making world safe for democracy 21st Fighting terrorism

20 Theme #2 Interaction between Congress and Navy
Funding is critical from beginning Congressional attitudes toward size and composition of fleet

21 Theme #3 Interservice relations Historic cooperation
Navy and USMC Historic rivalries Navy – Army – Air Force USMC-Army General reluctance to cooperate Modern push toward “Jointness”

22 Theme #4 Technology Categories: Alternate categories:
hull, armor, ordnance, propulsion, smart weapons Alternate categories: surface, subsurface, air, space, communications, SIGINT Relationship between technology, strategy, and tactics

23 Theme #5 Leadership Combat leaders Strategists Administrators
Training & Education What makes a leader great?

24 Theme #6 Strategy & Tactics Strategy Tactics
Formation of military objectives to achieve goals of national policy Guerre de Course, Guerre de Escadre, Mahan, Island Hopping, etc. Tactics Techniques for using weapons and units in combat in pursuit of strategic objectives “The Line,” ramming, “wolf-pack”, dive-bombing, etc. Interaction between strategy, tactics, and other themes

25 Theme #7 Evolution of US Naval Doctrine Guerre de course
Alfred Thayer Mahan Sir Julian Corbett Modern doctrine Limited war Military Ops Other Than War (MOOTW) Anti-terrorism Smart war

26 Theme #8 Future missions of Navy and USMC
Continuing threats: Russia, China “Rogue state” threats: North Korea, Iran Third-world nations: Africa, Southeast Asia Nation-building: Middle East Humanitarian Assistance: Caribbean, Southeast Asia, Africa

27 Definitions Reference

28 Definitions Examples? Strategy Tactics
Formulation of military objectives to achieve the goals of national policy. Tactics Techniques for using weapons and units in combat in pursuit of strategic objectives Examples?

29 Definitions Examples? Guerre de Escadre Guerre de Course
“Battles between fleets.” Naval battles between combatant ships or fleets. Guerre de Course “War of the chase.” Attacking enemy’s merchant shipping to disrupt enemy logistics on the seas. Examples?

30 Definitions Examples? Piracy Privateer
Act of robbery or criminal violence at sea. Privateer A ship authorized by government to attack and capture enemy vessels. Examples?

31 Definitions Examples? Letters of Marque and Reprisal Commerce Raiding
An official commission granted by a government to a private individual, to take the property of a foreign state, or of the citizens or subjects of such state. Commerce Raiding War against enemy commerce. Includes raiding committed by privateers or naval warships. Examples?

32 Definitions Examples? Power Projection Showing the Flag
The capacity of a state to intimidate other nations by means of force in an areas distant from its own territory. Showing the Flag Ship identifying itself by flag to establish an authoritative presence or exert diplomatic or political influence. Examples?

33 Definitions Examples? Preventative War Pre-emptive War
War initiated to prevent another party from attacking, when an attack by that party is not imminent or known to be planned. Strike to keep enemy weak. Pre-emptive War War initiated to repel or defeat an offensive or invasion that is perceived to be imminent. Strike before enemy can. Examples?

34 Definitions Examples? Deterrence
Strategy where a state uses threat of reprisal to preclude an attack from an adversary. Military Operations Other Than War (MOOW) Focus on deterring war, resolving conflict, promoting peace, and supporting civil authorities in response to domestic crises. Examples?

35 Definitions Examples? Guerilla Warfare Unconventional Warfare
Irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants use ambushes, sabotage, raids, hit-and-runs, etc. to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional army. Unconventional Warfare Activities conducted to enable a resistance movement to coerce, disrupt or overthrow an occupying power or government by operating through or with an underground, auxiliary and guerrilla force in a denied area. Examples?

36 Definitions Examples? Limited War Non-Linear Warfare
A conflict in which the belligerents participating in the war do not expend all of each of the participants’ available resources. Non-Linear Warfare “Multi-linear Warfare.” Combat operations without the traditional lines drawn on the map, such as the forward line of own troops. Examples?

37 Definitions Examples? Amphibious Warfare Littoral Warfare
Offensive military operation using naval ships to project ground and air power onto enemy shore. Littoral Warfare Operations in and around the shore line. Examples?

38 Definitions Examples? Force Composition Capital Ship
The makeup of a nation’s military force (i.e. number and types of ships). Capital Ship Most powerful or important ship in a navy. Generally possess heaviest firepower. Examples?

39 Oh by the way “Navy” = Naval Service (Navy + Marine Corps)

40 Review Class administration Core Competencies 8 Key Themes Definitions

41 Next Class [quizzes? Reading assignment? etc)]

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