Presentation on theme: "Sea Power & Maritime Affairs"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sea Power & Maritime Affairs IntroductionCourse Overview
2 Today’s Objectives Introductions Explain course structure Define courseSet context for US naval historyBirth of naviesEvolution of technology, strategy & tacticsImportant events in naval historyAntiquity to American Revolution
11 BooksHagan, Kenneth J. and Michael T. McMaster, eds. In Peace and War: Interpretations of American Naval History. 30th Anniversary ed. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2008.Symonds, Craig L. The Naval Institute Historical Atlas of the U.S. Navy. Annapolis, MD: The Naval Institute, 2001.
13 Syllabus1 Introduction 1 2 The American Revolution, : Competing Naval Strategies 3 The U.S. Navy in the Napoleonic Era, The U.S. Navy, : Power Projection and Technological Revolution 5 The Civil War, : Two American Navies 6 Developments of Naval Technology and Strategy, The Dawning of the Age of Mahan, The U.S. Navy and American Imperialism, The U.S. Navy and World War I, U.S. Naval Strategy and National Policy, World War II: The U.S. Navy in North Africa, the Mediterranean, and the Atlantic, World War II: The U.S. Navy in the Pacific, The U.S. Navy in the Early Cold War, The U.S. Navy in the Strategy of Containment, The U.S. Navy, Vietnam and Limited War, The Era of Retrenchment: Presidents Ford and Carter, The U.S. Navy from the Maritime Strategy to “9/11,” The U.S. Navy since 2001
16 Why learn US maritime history? Professional Core Competencies (PCCs)Know the significant events of U.S. naval history.Comprehend the historical evolution of sea power and its effects on world history.Know the fundamental national interests of the U.S. and potential adversaries.Know the effect the evolution of third world countries and the development of international terrorist movements have had on the interests, policies, and strategies of the U.S.Heritage“Those who forget history are doomed to repeat it.”
17 Why learn US maritime history? Perspective on today’s international tensions.3/4 of planet is covered by water90% of worlds commerce travels by seaMajority of population lives by oceans
19 Theme #1 Navy as an instrument of foreign policy Century Theme All Command of the seaPower projection19thCommercial ExpansionShowing the Flag20thMaking world safe for democracy21stFighting terrorism
20 Theme #2 Interaction between Congress and Navy Funding is critical from beginningCongressional attitudes toward size and composition of fleet
21 Theme #3 Interservice relations Historic cooperation Navy and USMCHistoric rivalriesNavy – Army – Air ForceUSMC-ArmyGeneral reluctance to cooperateModern push toward “Jointness”
23 Theme #5 Leadership Combat leaders Strategists Administrators Training & EducationWhat makes a leader great?
24 Theme #6 Strategy & Tactics Strategy Tactics Formation of military objectives to achieve goals of national policyGuerre de Course, Guerre de Escadre, Mahan, Island Hopping, etc.TacticsTechniques for using weapons and units in combat in pursuit of strategic objectives“The Line,” ramming, “wolf-pack”, dive-bombing, etc.Interaction between strategy, tactics, and other themes
25 Theme #7 Evolution of US Naval Doctrine Guerre de course Alfred Thayer MahanSir Julian CorbettModern doctrineLimited warMilitary Ops Other Than War (MOOTW)Anti-terrorismSmart war
26 Theme #8 Future missions of Navy and USMC Continuing threats: Russia, China“Rogue state” threats: North Korea, IranThird-world nations: Africa, Southeast AsiaNation-building: Middle EastHumanitarian Assistance: Caribbean, Southeast Asia, Africa
28 Definitions Examples? Strategy Tactics Formulation of military objectives to achieve the goals of national policy.TacticsTechniques for using weapons and units in combat in pursuit of strategic objectivesExamples?
29 Definitions Examples? Guerre de Escadre Guerre de Course “Battles between fleets.” Naval battles between combatant ships or fleets.Guerre de Course“War of the chase.” Attacking enemy’s merchant shipping to disrupt enemy logistics on the seas.Examples?
30 Definitions Examples? Piracy Privateer Act of robbery or criminal violence at sea.PrivateerA ship authorized by government to attack and capture enemy vessels.Examples?
31 Definitions Examples? Letters of Marque and Reprisal Commerce Raiding An official commission granted by a government to a private individual, to take the property of a foreign state, or of the citizens or subjects of such state.Commerce RaidingWar against enemy commerce. Includes raiding committed by privateers or naval warships.Examples?
32 Definitions Examples? Power Projection Showing the Flag The capacity of a state to intimidate other nations by means of force in an areas distant from its own territory.Showing the FlagShip identifying itself by flag to establish an authoritative presence or exert diplomatic or political influence.Examples?
33 Definitions Examples? Preventative War Pre-emptive War War initiated to prevent another party from attacking, when an attack by that party is not imminent or known to be planned. Strike to keep enemy weak.Pre-emptive WarWar initiated to repel or defeat an offensive or invasion that is perceived to be imminent. Strike before enemy can.Examples?
34 Definitions Examples? Deterrence Strategy where a state uses threat of reprisal to preclude an attack from an adversary.Military Operations Other Than War (MOOW)Focus on deterring war, resolving conflict, promoting peace, and supporting civil authorities in response to domestic crises.Examples?
35 Definitions Examples? Guerilla Warfare Unconventional Warfare Irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants use ambushes, sabotage, raids, hit-and-runs, etc. to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional army.Unconventional WarfareActivities conducted to enable a resistance movement to coerce, disrupt or overthrow an occupying power or government by operating through or with an underground, auxiliary and guerrilla force in a denied area.Examples?
36 Definitions Examples? Limited War Non-Linear Warfare A conflict in which the belligerents participating in the war do not expend all of each of the participants’ available resources.Non-Linear Warfare“Multi-linear Warfare.” Combat operations without the traditional lines drawn on the map, such as the forward line of own troops.Examples?
37 Definitions Examples? Amphibious Warfare Littoral Warfare Offensive military operation using naval ships to project ground and air power onto enemy shore.Littoral WarfareOperations in and around the shore line.Examples?
38 Definitions Examples? Force Composition Capital Ship The makeup of a nation’s military force (i.e. number and types of ships).Capital ShipMost powerful or important ship in a navy. Generally possess heaviest firepower.Examples?
39 Oh by the way“Navy” = Naval Service(Navy + Marine Corps)