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Mass Spectrometry Fault finding and trouble shooting Or: Giving the bullet to those pesky faults.

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Presentation on theme: "Mass Spectrometry Fault finding and trouble shooting Or: Giving the bullet to those pesky faults."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mass Spectrometry Fault finding and trouble shooting Or: Giving the bullet to those pesky faults

2 Disclaimer 3000 volts can kill Protect your eyes 230 Volts can kill Mass spectrometers can cause pain Mental pain! Please beware that any work on the instrument is carried out at your own risk. Isomass Scientific cannot be held responsible for injury or damage caused by following these techniques. Hot soldering irons can burn

3 Salesman’s view of solving instrument problems New!

4 Reality Budget shortfalls – Not enough money to buy a new instrument – Not enough money to pay for service

5 What to do Learn how to look after your own instrument – Go on the manufactures training courses – Ask questions during the installation and any visit made by an engineer – Regularly attend ASITA – Read the manual and other books – Take an electronics course

6 Fault Finding Use the instrument supplier as a resource – The engineers are trained on the instrument – The engineers want to help – The engineers will have access to more information Take your time – Fault finding is not a race – More intervention usually leads to more damage – Take notes and pictures

7 Fault Finding Beware of dangerous voltages that might be present in the unit under investigation – The 230 volt supply into most units can be fatal if touched – Source supplies are usually at high voltage, > 3kv Be careful when connecting or disconnecting meter probes – A badly placed probe can cause a short and further damage Double check connections and meter setting before turning on the unit under test

8 Fault Finding Check power supplies first – Fuses, check with a meter on resistance not just visually – If a supply voltage is less than expected it could be that the supply is damaged or the load is pulling the supply voltage down – Regulated supplies should have very low a.c. ripple – All electronics can be seen as either a supply or load

9 Fault Finding Think before acting #1 5 minutes thought can save hours of work

10 Fault Finding Think before acting #2 Think about the problem before acting

11 Art is a science Learn to draw – Draw a block diagram of the fault area – Write down the inputs and outputs of each block – Make a list of possible causes

12 My block diagram

13 Power Block Diagram

14 A few simple techniques Swap – Exchange the suspected part Measure – Compared the measured parameter with the expected value Observe – Look to see what’s happening Write – Keep good notes

15 Swap Pirani reads 1e-3mbar Pirani reads atmosphere

16 Simplify Pirani showing atmosphere after 10 minutes pumping Use a blank at point 'A' to test the sub- system within the instrument as a whole

17 Voltage Measurement

18 Multimeter set to a.c. or d.c. voltage as required – Black lead in common socket – Red lead in V socket Voltage measured across one component measures across all components in parallel – Voltage is measured in parallel – Circuit is powered Connect red probe to one lead of the component and the black probe to the second lead – If meter is auto-ranging note the displayed multiplier

19 Current Measurement

20 Multimeter set to a.c. or d.c. current as required – Black lead in common socket – Red lead in mA or A socket as required, if in doubt start in A socket Multimeter must be in series with the component – If necessary unsolder one lead from the board – Circuit is powered Connect red probe to the lead of the component and the black probe to the point the lead was previously connected to – If meter is auto-ranging note the displayed multiplier Often easier to measure voltage across a resister and use V=IR

21 Resistance Measurement

22 Multimeter set to resistance – Black lead in common socket – Red lead in Ω socket Component must be measured in isolation – Circuit is not powered – If necessary unsolder one lead from the board Connect red probe to one lead of the resistor and the black probe to the other lead – If meter is auto-ranging note the displayed multiplier

23 Start with the obvious If a light does not work.... Check the light bulb before dismantling the light switch, changing the fuse in the basement etc.

24 Start with the obvious Two bulbs might have blown but it's more likely that there is a fault common to both e.g. the fuse in the basement If two light bulbs do not work....

25 Fault Finding Take good, clear notes when the instrument is working correctly and notes during any fault finding procedure Don't forget, "RTFM" !

26 Power Control 230 Volts Switched outletRelayControl

27 Vacuum control

28 Vacuum parts

29 Vacuum Start-up

30 Quick Rotary Pump Test

31 Penning Gauge

32 Turbo Pump Faults

33 Vacuum Service Rotary pump – Change the pump oil every 6 months Turbo pump – Change the oil wicks yearly

34 Ion Source Control

35 Ion Source Electronics ~4A ~700µA ~800µA 1.5mA ~4.2A

36 Ion source

37 Exploded Ion Source

38 Source Cleaning

39 Magnet Supply

40 Magnet Screwdriver Test

41 Inlets

42 Dual Inlet Valve Control

43 GC Combustion

44 EA

45 GasBench

46

47 #140, 5700 – 1 Street S.W., Calgary, Alberta T2H 3A9 Tel: (403) Fax: (403) Toll Free:


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