Presentation on theme: "The student will describe technological innovations"— Presentation transcript:
1The student will describe technological innovations SSUSH 11The student will describethe economicthe socialandthe geographic impactof the growth ofbig businesstechnological innovationsafter Reconstruction.
2Industrialization and Urbanization EconomicNew class of wealth – based on industry/big business rather than landRockefeller, Carnegie, Morgan – Captains of Industry or Robber Barons?SocialGap between rich and poor grew along with the growth of a middle class based on wages rather than farm produceGeographicCities, urban areas became the centers of wealth productionNative American cultures decimated – Railroad brought westward expansionUrban areas contain ethnic ghettosEastern Cities – Southern/Eastern European ImmigrantsWestern cities – Chinese and Mexican immigrantsBig BusinessFrom Railroad Industry sprang forth – Steel, Oil, Banking, Lumber, other industriesTechnological Innovation Thomas Edison’s inventions – light bulb, movies, phonograph
3SSUSH 11Explain the impact of the Railroad Industry on other industries, such as Steel Industry, and on the organization of Big Business.
4RAILROADSTime Zones are created because of Railroad, we set our clocks by railroad time!Steel Industry grows because steel needed to build railroads, trains, and eventually skyscrapersOther big businesses grow as a result of railroadsLumberCattleBankingWestern boom towns and cities arise as a result of railroadsOil Industry growsBecause railroads provideMeans to transport oil fromWestern lands to Eastern cities
5SSUSH 11Identify John D. Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Company and the rise of trusts and monopolies.
6John D. Rockefeller Founded Standard Oil Company 1870 Accused of unfair business practicesVertically integrated Oil Business by buying businesses dealing with all aspects of oil production/refining, storing, producingGained monopoly = 90% of all oil produced by Standard OilCriticized by Ida Tarbell in series of articles and a book
7BIG Business – Octopus = Standard Oil Cartoon Trusts and MONOPOLIES = Good or Bad?
10The Steel Industry Mr. Andrew Carnegie – Robber Baron Extraordinaire RAGS TO RICHESThe Steel IndustryMr. Andrew Carnegie – Robber Baron Extraordinaire
11SSUSH 11Describe the impact of the railroads in the development of the West; include the Transcontinental Railroad, and the use of Chinese laborers.
12Abraham Lincoln signs law authorizing building of a Transcontinental Railroad during the Civil War RAILROADSAmerica connected East to WestManifest Destiny realizedMay 1869 at Promontory Point Utah – Union Pacific / Central Pacific unites and changes America forever
13Transcontinental RAILROADS Famous pictures showing meeting ofCentral Pacific and Union Pacific uniting the Continent – May 1869 Promontory Point Utah
14Railroad Construction: Thousands immigrate to US to work on Railroads Chinese LaborThousands immigrate to US to work on RailroadsDangerous workLow payDiscriminationRAILROADS
15SSUSH 11 Describe the invention of Thomas Edison; include the electric light bulb, motion pictures, and the phonograph, and their impact on American life.
17Thomas Edison Inventions that changed America forever Light Bulb – life and work = 24 hours nonstopPhonograph – music industry createdMotion pictures – movie industry createdFounded Menlo Park – first research laboratory in America