2Introduction to Australia The country's largest & best known city is Sydney but the capital is Canberra.Australia is the size of western Europe.When you leave the cities, Australia is open and almost empty, you can go days without seeing a person.In the centre of the country is the great Ayers Rock (Uluru), it rises 1400 feet from the desert plane & is 5.5 miles round its perimeter.The rock is considered sacred and spiritually significant to the Aboriginal people.
4Famous images of Australia Bush FiresSydney Opera HouseAyers RockAustralian FlagOutbackBondi Beach
5AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL FLAG The Aboriginal flag is divided horizontally into halves. The top half is black and the lower half red. There is a yellow disk in the centre of the flag. The meaning of the three colours in the flag, are Black - represents the Aboriginal people of Australia. Red - represents the red earth, the red ochre used in ceremonies and Aboriginal people’s spiritual relation to the land. Yellow disk - represents the Sun, the giver of life and protector.Sources say that the Aboriginal culture settled in Australia around 50,000 years ago. After settling in Australia they told stories about visions and rituals by painting with pigment found naturally in the outback. The method they used for painting is referred to as bark painting. The process involved cutting bark from trees during the wet season and placing it in a fire to cure. When the bark was taken out of the fire it was flattened with stones or logs. This was then used as the painting canvas. Finally they would apply paint or pigment using a technique called ‘dotting’. Brushes, sticks and fingers were used to create designs that reflected dreams, rituals and a rich cultural history. Some researchers say that most of the paintings had some sort of mythological undertone.
6Aboriginal People Aboriginal Facts. Aboriginal people told stories about their life and history in their paintings.They would dot their paintings using brushes, sticks and fingers.They tell stories in words and pictures.The stories are called ‘Dream time stories.’Aboriginal art uses Earth colours (colours of the desert) such as browns, redsSymbols are used to tell storiesThe canvas is covered in small dots of paintThe dots make patterns or symbols
7Aboriginal Art Aboriginal Colours Black Black stands for the colour of the Aborigine people and night.YellowYellow is the sacred colour. The colour of the sun.RedIs for the colour of the land and for blood. ‘We are all of one blood, from the land we come and to it we will all return.’WhiteWhite is the spirit colour, like smoke, wind and lightning.