Presentation on theme: "Australian Aboriginal Art. Who are the Aborigines? Aborigine means “ native ” Original people of Australia Traveled in canoes from SE Asia Lived there."— Presentation transcript:
Australian Aboriginal Art
Who are the Aborigines? Aborigine means “ native ” Original people of Australia Traveled in canoes from SE Asia Lived there at least 40,000 years as the only people Developed unique beliefs about creation Survived as hunters and observers
What is Aboriginal Art? Last traditional art form to be appreciated To understand Aboriginal Art we first need to learn about Dreamtime Dreamtime Art is a way to stay in touch with their ancestry and be a part of the natural world
Passed down through generations by word of mouth Artworks depict deep meaning told through dreamtime stories Basis of value and belief system, affects their interaction with the land and animals Land is sacred because it contains their heritage, history, and powerful ancestors or spirits Dreamtime Stories
Unique subject matter and style Rock paintings, bark paintings, sand (or dot paintings), and body decoration Brushes fingers or sticks to paint Used natural ochers (minerals) or clay charcoal How did Aboriginals create art?
Aboriginal Rock Art Longest continuously practiced artistic tradition in the world. Ubirr, located in North Australia, has very impressive rock paintings.
"One old man in Arnhem Land remembered being carried as a child on his father's shoulders as his father climbed up a log leaning against a rock wall. His father then sprayed his hand with red ochre against the rock, leaving a stencil he could still recognize many years later. The main function of the stencils was to record people's presence and association with a site."
Developed around 2000 B.C. Found in shallow caves or rock shelters particularly in Western and Northern Australia Simple exterior animal shapes that depict internal organs, bone structure (ribs, back bone), or baby animal inside Created by painting the animal ’ s silhouette in white and using red or yellow for the inside X-Ray Style Painting
Body Decoration Traditional practice for ceremonies Includes scarring, smeared clay or ochres on face, wearing ornaments and headdress Deep spiritual significance Geometric designs Use respected patterns of an ancestor to take on their living appearance Designs may also reflect their role in the family or important role in their community
Early African Art KORHOGO MUD CLOTH PAINTING & other textile styles
What is KORHOGO? ‘ RITUAL and MAGIC ’ are part of Korhogo. Fila is the name of the cloth that the Senufo people of Ivory Coast would wear for ‘ protection ’ It is a white, hand-woven cotton on which black & gray drawings are painted with vegetable juices & mud. The clothing items are worn on certain days of the week. Part of the ritual would require the wearers to observe certain restrictions of food and other obligations.
Mud Cloth Fabric is… Made using ancient and extensive process. Fabric is all hand spun making individual cloth sheets Each strip of cloth is sewed together. Fabric is then dyed in tea made from the Bogalon tree found in Mali, West Africa. The tea acts as a fixative for mud painted designs that are hand painted, using specially prepared mud. Some designs are then bleached after the entire process is complete to give white designs.
Ivory Coast in part of West Africa. Korhogo is a village that is known for its weaving and cloth designs Korhogo weavers
Guro Shield Mask Ivory Coast Guro Tribe artifact Rams head mounted on a concave shield. The head is surmounted with the usual abstract bird.
African Masks and Sculptures:
What similarities do you see?
Some Modern Artists Influenced by Africa: -Pablo Picasso -Henri Matisse -Maurice de Vlaminck -Amedeo Modigliani -George Braque