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Chapter 8 Operating Systems and Utility Programs.

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1 Chapter 8 Operating Systems and Utility Programs

2 System Software What is system software? Including:
Definition: Programs that control operation of computer Including: Operating system (OS) (also called platform) Utility programs What is a cross-platform application? ----Runs identically on multiple operating systems Operating system that computer uses is sometimes called the platform

3 Operating System Functions
What is booting? Process of starting or restarting a computer Cold boot Turning on computer that has been powered off Warm boot Restarting computer that is powered on Warm boot from Windows desktop Warm boot from system unit

4 What messages display on the screen when you boot the computer?

5 Operating System Functions
What is a recovery disk? --- Contains system files that will start computer when computer cannot boot. Also called boot disk ---floppy disk, Zip, CD, DVD

6 Operating System Functions
What is single user/ multitasking? all running processes Working on two or more programs that reside in memory at same time Foreground contains application you are using Background contains programs that are running but are not in use

7 Operating System Functions
What are other program management features of operating systems? Multiprocessing: Can support two or more processors running programs at same time Multiuser: Enables two or more users to run programs simultaneously Fault-tolerant computer: Continues to operate when one of its components fails Has duplicate components such as processors, memory, and disk drives

8 Operating System Functions
Optimizing use of RAM What is spooling? Sending print jobs to buffer instead of directly to printer Print jobs line up in queue What is a device driver? Program that tells operating system how to communicate with device Also called driver With Plug and Play, operating system automatically configures new devices as you install them

9 Types of Operating Systems
What are three categories of operating systems? Stand-alone: complete operating system working on PC, laptop, mobile computing device. like DOS, Windows, Mac OS X, Unix, Linux Network: OS designed specially to support a network, like netware, windows server 2003,Unix, Linux and Solaris Embedded : OS on most PDA and small devices Like, windows, windows mobile 2003, Palm OS and Symbian OS

10 Stand-Alone Operating Systems
What is DOS (Disk Operating System)? Developed in early 1980s for personal computers Hardly used today because it does not offer GUI Used command-line interface when first developed, later included menus

11 Stand-Alone Operating Systems
How do Windows versions compare? Windows Version Year Released Windows 3.x 1990 Windows NT Windows Windows NT Workstation Windows Windows Millennium Edition 2000 Windows 2000 Professional 2000 Windows XP 2001

12 Stand-Alone Operating Systems
What is Windows XP? Microsoft’s fastest, most reliable Windows operating system Available in three editions: 1. Home Edition, 2. Professional Edition, and 3. Tablet PC Edition

13 characteristics of operating systems
Device-dependent Runs only on specific type of computer Proprietary software Privately owned and limited to specific vendor or computer model Device-independent Runs on many manufacturers’ computers Downward compatible Works with application software written for earlier version of operating system Upward compatible Runs on new versions of operating system

14 Stand-Alone Operating Systems
What is Mac OS X? Available only for computers manufactured by Apple Macintosh operating system has been model for most GUIs

15 Stand-Alone Operating Systems
What is OS/2 Warp Client? IBM’s GUI multitasking operating system Supports networking, Java, the Internet, and speech recognition

16 Stand-Alone Operating Systems
What is UNIX? Used by power users because of its flexibility and power Most versions offer GUI Both a stand-alone and a network operating system

17 Stand-Alone Operating Systems
What is Linux? Popular, free, multitasking UNIX-type operating system Open-source softwaree— code is available to public Both a stand-alone and a network operating system Red Hat provides a version of Linux called Red Hat Linux. The GNOME graphical user interface is shown in this example.

18 Network Operating Systems
Allows users to share printer, Internet access, files, and programs on a network Administers security by establishing user name and password for each user Solaris Version of UNIX developed by Sun Microsystems Specifically for e-commerce applications NetWare Designed for client/server networks OS/2 Warp Server for e-business IBM’s network operating system for businesses Windows Server 2003 Upgrade to Windows 2000 Server

19 Embedded Operating Systems
What is an embedded operating system? Found on most mobile computers, PDAs, and other small devices Windows CE .NET is scaled-down version of Windows

20 Embedded Operating Systems
What are two operating systems for PDAs? Pocket PC 2002 for Pocket PC Palm OS for Palm, Visor, and CLIE

21 Utility Programs utility program
System software that performs maintenance-type tasks

22 Utility Programs What is a disk scanner? What is a backup utility?
Detects and corrects problems on hard disk or floppy disk Searches for and removes unnecessary files What is a backup utility? Copies selected files or entire hard disk onto another disk or tape compress files during backup to require less storage space

23 Utility Programs What is a disk defragmenter?
Reorganizes files and unused space on hard disk so programs run faster file before defragmenting fragmented disk file after defragmenting

24 Utility Programs What is a screen saver?
Causes monitor’s screen to display moving image or blank screen if there is no activity for a specified time To secure computer, user configures screen saver to require password to deactivate

25 Utility Programs What is a diagnostic utility?
Compiles technical information about hardware and some software Prepares report outlining problems

26 Stand-Alone Utility Programs
What is a virus? Potentially damaging computer program Affects computer without user’s knowledge SIGNS OF VIRUS INFECTION

27 Stand-Alone Utility Programs
What is an antivirus program? Identifies and removes viruses in memory, storage media, and incoming files Must be updated frequently

28 Stand-Alone Utility Programs
What is a file compression utility? Shrinks size of files to free up room and improve performance Compressed files are sometimes called zipped files Two popular utilities: PKZIPTM and WinZip®

29 Stand-Alone Utility Programs
What is a personal firewall? Protects personal computer from unauthorized intrusions Monitors all transmissions to and from computer

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