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Stage 12 Notes. The different tenses we have learned so far are: present, imperfect, and perfect The endings of verbs will tell you what tense and what.

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Presentation on theme: "Stage 12 Notes. The different tenses we have learned so far are: present, imperfect, and perfect The endings of verbs will tell you what tense and what."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stage 12 Notes

2 The different tenses we have learned so far are: present, imperfect, and perfect The endings of verbs will tell you what tense and what person (1st, 2nd, 3rd) they are in. SingPlural 1st PersonIWe 2nd PersonYouYou all (yall) 3rd PersonHe/she/itThey

3 When you look up a verb in the dictionary it will look like this: laborolaborare, laboravi laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus - to work 1st pres, infinitive, 1st perfect 1st pres, infinitive, 1st perfect, 4th principle part Cut off -re to get stem to attach to present and imperfect endings Cut off -i to get stem to attach to perfect endings

4 The present tense is translated as (blank) s, is (blank) ing, does (blank). To form the present tense, look at the first two principle parts of your dictionary entry: laboro, laborare, laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus laboro First plug laboro into the first person singular.

5 Then figure out the stem of the verb by cutting off the -re from the 2 nd form. laboro, laborare, laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus What is the stem? labora is what you will attach the person indicators (o/m, s, t, mus, tis, nt).labora-

6 To form the present tense, take your present stem and attach the person indicators. N.B. The ‘a’ is dropped in 1 st singular. singularplural laborOlaborAmus 1 st person -laborOlaborAmus laborAslaborAtis 2 nd person -laborAslaborAtis laborAtlaborAnt 3 rd person -laborAtlaborAnt

7 Conjugate and translate festino, festinare, festinavi, into the present tense- singularplural 1 st person - 2 nd person - 3 rd person -

8 Conjugate festino, festinare, festinavi, into the present tense- singular festinO- I hurry, I am hurrying, I do hurry 1 st person -festinO- I hurry, I am hurrying, I do hurry festinAs- You hurry, You are hurrying, you do hurry 2 nd person -festinAs- You hurry, You are hurrying, you do hurry festinAt- He/she/it hurries, is hurrying, does hurry 3 rd person –festinAt- He/she/it hurries, is hurrying, does hurry

9 Conjugate festino, festinare, festinavi, into the present tense- plural festinAmus- We hurry, We are hurrying, We do hurry 1 st person -festinAmus- We hurry, We are hurrying, We do hurry festinAtis- You all hurry, You all are hurrying, You all do hurry 2 nd person –festinAtis- You all hurry, You all are hurrying, You all do hurry festinAnt- They hurry, They are hurrying, They do hurry 3 rd person –festinAnt- They hurry, They are hurrying, They do hurry

10 The imperfect tense is translated as was/were ing To form the imperfect tense, take your stem from the infinitive and attach the letters -BA. Then stick present tense mickey mouse endings on the end! The only change it that the first person singular will end in a -m instead of o.

11 Let us conjugate specto, spectare, spectavi into the imperfect tense. What tense indicator do we attach to the verb stem? What person indicators do we attach to the tense indicator? spectaspecta - singular plural spectaspecta 1 st person-spectabamspectabamus spectaspecta 2 nd person- spectabasspectabatis spectaspecta 3 rd person-spectabatspectabant

12 Conjuate and translate dico, dicere, dixi: to say/ speak, into the imperfect tense- singularplural 1 st person - 2 nd person - 3 rd person -

13 singular dice 1 st dicebam: I was saying dice 2 nd dicebas: You were saying dice 3 rd dicebat: He,she, it was saying dicere dico, dicere, dixi, imperfect tense-

14 plural dice 1 st dicebamus: we were saying dice 2 nd dicebatis: yall were saying dice 3 rd dicebant: they were saying dicere dico, dicere, dixi, imperfect tense-

15 The perfect tense is translated as (blank) ed. To form the perfect tense, take the third principle part and cut off the letter - i. Then attach the perfect endings (i, isti, it, imus, istis, erunt). What is the perfect stem of laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus? laborav - laborav -

16 tuli Lets use the perfect stem and conjugate fero, ferre, tuli singularplural tultul 1 st person- tulitulimus tultul 2 nd person- tulistitulistis tultul 3 rd person- tulittulerunt

17 Conjugate and translate do, dare, dedi: to give into the perfect tense- singularplural 1 st person - 2 nd person - 3 rd person -

18 singular ded 1 st person- dedi: I gave ded 2 nd person- dedisti: You gave ded 3 rd person- dedit: He/she/it gave dedi do, dare, dediperfect tense-

19 plural ded 1 st person- dedimus: We gave ded 2 nd person- dedistis: You all gave ded 3 rd person- dederunt: They gave dedi do, dare, dediperfect tense-

20 The verb sum, esse, fui : to be is the most common verb you will see in Latin singularplural sumsumus 1 st person -sum- I am sumus- We are esestis 2 nd person -es- You are estis- You all are estsunt 3 rd person -est- He, she, it is sunt- They are

21 The verb sum, esse, fui: to be looks like this in the imperfect tense: singularplural erameramus 1 st person - eram- I waseramus- we were eraseratis 2 nd person - eras- you were eratis- you all were eraterant 3 rd person - erat- he, she it was erant- they were


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