Presentation on theme: "Risk Assessment and Preventing Injuries. Objectives Identify risks associated with participation in physical activities, and explain how to reduce these."— Presentation transcript:
Risk Assessment and Preventing Injuries
Objectives Identify risks associated with participation in physical activities, and explain how to reduce these risks to maintain wellbeing by being protecting and being safe. Understand the importance of a balanced competition and following rules in all games and activities in sport
Warming up Very important to warm up before physical activity usually doing 5-10 minutes of gentle CV work. Increase heart rate Increase body temperature Increase muscle contractions and movement of the joints - prepare the body parts to be trained for any stress they may be placed under Concentrate the mind on the activity The process prepares us mentally and physically for the task ahead
Cooling Down An initial 5-10 minutes jogging, starting at 50% of sprinting speed and ending up at walking pace to slowly lower the heart rate back to normal levels then some static stretches. Return our heart rate to resting Gives the muscles a chance to relax Stop the build up of lactic acid and Carbon dioxide in the muscles Prevent DOMS (delayed onset muscle stiffness). Prevent immediate cramp / aching and soreness the next day. Lower adrenaline levels in the blood
Some hehe’s and some oooo’s http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1796OXX dVzs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1796OXX dVzs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUqBUz5 Rt4k http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUqBUz5 Rt4k
Reducing the risk in specific activities Use the table In your booklet To identify 12 hazards On this picture and picture and the potential injury they could cause
Your Turn List three potential hazards for each of the following activities. 1. mountain walking 2. rock climbing 3. canoeing 4. horse riding 5. skiing
Reducing Risk in Different Activities Imagine that you are about to draw a “spot the hazard” sheet for your favourite sport. List 5 hazards you might find in games, outdoor activities and individual sports. Think about the hazards in your particular sport. An example for netball – are the courts too wet and sliperly due to the weather?
PAR-Q Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q) Look at the PAR-Q in your booklet – you will have filled one out during your PEP Many health benefits are associated with regular exercise, and the completion of PAR-Q is a sensible first step to take if you are planning to increase the amount of physical activity in your life.
PAR-Q For most people, physical activity should not pose any problem or hazard. PAR-Q is designed to identify the small number of adults for whom physical activity might be inappropriate or those who should have medical advice concerning the type of activity most suitable for them. Common sense is the best guide in answering these few questions.
Balanced Competition Weight – categories are formed for fairness (boxing) fairness (boxing) Age – grouping makes a fairer Compeition, and with age comes With maturity and development Gender – boys develp physically and are stronger and quicker, can Become dangerous Grading / level – reaching a standard And competing against those in the Same catogory - karate Skill – being skillful enough to play In a certain team irrespective of age (non contact sports)
Playing to the Rules Why should you obey the rules? To make the game / event safer and fairer Chose 4 sports / activities and write down a rule that attempts to prevent injury
Homework Extension 3, 4 and homework sheet on the back. You will need to take your booklet home to help you with the work and all handed in the homework box. This to be completed by WEDNESDAY 19 TH October Write this in your planner NOW