Presentation on theme: "Unit 3: Obedience and Conformity"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 3: Obedience and Conformity Part 1: Obedience
2 Todays outcomes Last lesson This week Next lesson Introduced Obedience GenocideCase studies –A, B, CMust: Define obedienceShould describe and discuss Milgram's Study on ObedienceCould: Evaluate the usefulness of this study using real life examplesEvaluate ObedienceIntroduce the assessment
3 Obedience‘A form of social influence in which a person yields to explicit instructions and orders from an authority figure’ (Oxford dictionary of Psychology, 2006).Remember: The person can still hold the opinion that what they are following is not right! For example:
4 Recap Who are we obedient to? What do they have in common? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZWVohP-z3h4Examples from last lesson:MacDonalds: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OQ7zl7XUcJcHofling Nurses obedience experiment: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ahoAgFS-_UcBeware! made by students!!
5 Part 1 : Obedience EssayLearning outcomesAssessment Criteria3. Understand the reasons why people obey authority3.1 Evaluate Milgram's Studies of obedience3.2 Discuss the ethical issues raised by this research3.3 Assess whether the knowledge gained about human behaviour justifies Milgram’s experimentsWhen you evaluate something, you're making a judgment, one that most likely results from some degree of analysis (Vocabulary, 2015)
7 Outcomes Last lesson This lesson Next lesson Watched the video on Milgram’s experimentMust:Highlight the facts about the experimentShould:analyse differing rates of obedience seen in Milgram’s experimentsCould:evaluate the ethical concerns of the experiments and whether the study relates to real life examplesFinish off obedienceRelating to real life- NOTEIn-depth look at genocideMini workshop
8 Question 1To understand how ordinary people can obey an authority figure’s order to commit crimesMassacre at Babi Yar: 1941Cambodia :
9 Question 2: What factors aided Obedience in the study? Authority (Researcher)LegitimisationReasoning: valid reasonAppearance- uniformProximity : the Teacher was in another room
10 Supporting evidence: The power of the uniform Bickman 1974 :Pick up paperOr give a coin tomotorists so they can park80% obedienceEven more then theexperimenter Uniform!Example https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=16QMQXIjYVUWhy is the uniform so powerful?
11 Question 3 Results of the study were: 65% of participants (out of 14) administered the top amount of electric shocksAll participants went up to 300volts shockConclusion: ‘Ordinary people are capable of following orders, even if these could result in killing another’ (Milgram 1963) …..There is a fundamental human disposition to obey. This interacts with environment ..Although Milgram did not believe in an ‘obedient personality factor’.
13 Other variations of the study 1. Proximity to the ‘victim’Learner and teacher (participant) were in same room- obedience dropped to 40%When teacher( participant) had to force hand down on shock plate= 30% obedience
14 2. Proximity to authority figure When experimenter left room : participant would lie about administering shock And obedience dropped to under 20%Sometimes participant would also administer a lower shock…Consider though- would this happen in genocide?
15 3. Location Obedience dropped to 48% Abandoned factory VS Yale universityObedience dropped to 48%
16 4. Social support obedience seen: 10% Support from 3 teachers- when they refused to administer, so did the participant
17 5: ChoiceWhen the teacher could choose their own shock level, obedience little as 3%...
18 Personality/ dispositional factors Adorno- German SoldiersHandout (A3) :
19 8: does this study shed light on why people obey PositivesNegatives