Brainstorm Who suffers the most in Kite Runner? List at least 5 afflictions each character suffers. Amir Hassan Baba Sohrab
Circle Map WHAT is the main source of the character’s pain and suffering? What seems to be the common thread in these events? What might be the underlying reason for most/all of this? Character Name affliction HOW do you know the character experiences suffering? How does he react to these events? How do the events change him? WHY is this character’s suffering so important to the story? Consider how it affects conflict(s), character(s), and/or theme(s) in the story. affliction source
Flee Map Paragraph 1 Topic Paragraph 2 Topic Paragraph 3 Topic Essay Topic & Stance Supporting details, elaborations, direct quotes, paraphrases, emotional & logical appeals, etc. HOW do these afflictions affect the conflict(s), character(s), and/or theme(s)? WHAT do these particular details reveal about the character? WHY are these details particularly important to note in your essay?
Ethos – Pathos - Logos Ethos – ethical appeal – Prove your credibility by using academic voice, strong vocabulary, correct grammar Pathos – emotional appeal – Appeal to emotions by using connotations and emotional stories and examples Logos – logical appeal – Convince audience by using logic or reason – Cite facts, statistics, & authorities – Use historical and literal analogies – Construct logical arguments
Brace Map Introduction Hook Background Thesis Topic Stance Focus/STs WHAT does this thesis tell my reader about the essay to follow? WHY is this background information important? HOW will this “hook” engage my reader?
Brace Map Conclusion Restate topic & stance 1 sentence re. Paragraph 1 topic 1 sentence re. Paragraph 2 topic 1 sentence re. Paragraph 3 topic Logical conclusion to discussion WHY is it important to close with these particular points? HOW does this conclusion create a sense of closure for my reader? WHAT emotion will this closing likely evoke in my reader?
Rough Draft Using your flee map & brace maps, compose a rough draft of your essay’s introduction, body (3 paragraphs), and conclusion. Once you feel like your essay is as good as you can get it, move on to the tree map and bridge map.
Tree Map Simple Sentences Compound Sentences Complex Sentences Write sentences on these lines. Then combine and separate to balance the lists and increase fluency. WHAT types of structures do you use the most in this essay? HOW do these structures affect the essay’s flow or fluency? WHY is it important, in terms of your ethical appeal (i.e., credibility as an author), to revise the sentences in this particular paragraph? Body Paragraph ___ Fluency
Bridge Map is a more effective word choice than Original word New word as WHAT types of word choice issues did you find in your essay – ambiguity, clichés, informality, repetition, incorrect terms? HOW do your original word choices affect the essay’s tone, mood, and/or effectiveness? How will your substitutions affect these elements? WHY is it important, in terms of your ethical appeal (i.e., credibility as an author), to make these substitutions? Original word
Final Draft Make changes to your rough draft using the tree map on sentence fluency and the bridge map on word choice. Write a final copy of your essay.