2Naming Ionic Compounds The name of an ionic compound must distinguish the compound from other ionic compounds containing the same elements.The formula of an ionic compound describes the ratio of the ions in the compound.
3Binary Ionic Compounds A compound made from only two elements is a binary compound.The pattern for naming binary ionic compounds is the cation followed by the name of the anion.
4Binary Ionic Compounds The name for the cation is the name of the metal without any changes while the name of the anion uses part of the name of the nonmetal with the suffix –ide at the end.
5Metals With Multiple Ions When a metal forms more than one ion, the name of the ion contains a Roman numeral to indicate the charge on the ion.
6Metals With Multiple Ions Ex.1) Copper(I) Oxide VS. Copper(II) OxideThe chemical formula for copper(I) oxide is Cu2O because it takes two Cu1+ ions to balance the charge on an O2- ion.
7Metals With Multiple Ions The chemical formula for copper(II) oxide is CuO because it takes only one Cu2+ ion to balance the charge on an O2- ion.
8Polyatomic Ions Polyatomic Ions A covalently bonded group of atoms that has a positive or negative charge and acts as a unit is a polyatomic ion.The prefix poly means many.
9Polyatomic Ions Ex. 2) Iron(III) Hydroxide Chemical formula = Fe(OH)3, The parentheses and subscript 3 indicates that there are three hydroxide ions for each iron (III) ions.
10Writing Formulas for Ionic Compounds If you know the name of an ionic compound, you can write its formula.Place the symbol of the cation first, followed by the symbol of the anion.
11Writing Formulas for Ionic Compounds Use subscripts to show the ratio of the ions in the compound.Because all compounds are neutral, the total charges on the cations and anions must add up to zero.
12Writing Formulas for Ionic Compounds Ex. 3) Sulfur and SodiumThere must be two sodium ions (Na+) for each sulfide ion (S2-). The formula for sodium sulfide is Na2S. The 2- charge on one sulfide ion is balanced by the 1+ charges on two sodium ions.
13Ex. 4) Write the formula for the compound calcium chloride What Do I Know?The name of the compound is calcium chloride.What Do I Need To Know?The chemical formula for calcium chloride.Plan and Solve:List the symbols and charges for the cation and anion.Ca with a charge of 2+ and Cl with a charge of 1-.Determine the ratio of ions in the compound.It takes two 1- charges to balance the 2+ charge. There will be two chloride ions for each calcium ion.Write the formula for calcium chloride.CaCl2
14Ex. 5) Write the formula for the compound calcium oxide What Do I Know?The name of the compound is calcium oxide.What Do I Need To Know?The chemical formula for calcium oxide.Plan and Solve:List the symbols and charges for the cation and anion.Ca with a charge of 2+ and O with a charge of 2-.Determine the ratio of ions in the compound.It takes one calcium ion with a charge of 2+ to balance one oxide ion with a charge of 2-.Answer:Write the formula for calcium oxide.CaO
15Ex. 6) Write the formula for the compound copper(II) sulfide What Do I Know?The name of the compound is Copper(I) sulfide.What Do I Need To Know?The chemical formula for copper(I) sulfide.Plan and Solve:List the symbols and charges for the cation and anion.Cu(I) with a charge of 1+ and Sulfide with a charge of 2-Determine the ratio of ions in the compound.Two copper(I) ions, each with a charge of 1+ , balance one sulfide ion with a charge of 2-.Write the formula for calcium chloride.Cu2S
16Ex. 7) Write the formula for the compound sodium sulfate What Do I Know?The name of the compound is Sodium Sulfate.What Do I Need To Know?The chemical formula for Sodium Sulfate.Plan and Solve:List the symbols and charges for the cation and anion.Sodium with a charge of 1+ and sulfate with a charge of 2-.Determine the ratio of ions in the compound.Two sodium ions, each with a charge of 1+, balance one sulfate ion with a charge of 2-.Write the formula for sodium sulfate.Na2SO4
17Describing Molecular Compounds In naming molecular compounds the focus is on the composition of molecules.The name and formula of a molecular compound describe the type and number of atoms in a molecule of the compound.
18Describing Molecular Compounds In naming molecular compounds the most metallic element appears first in the name. These elements are farther to the left and bottom of the periodic table.You first must add the proper prefix to each element. The prefix tells us how many atoms of each element there are.The name of the second element ends in ide. Such as Carbon Dioxide.
19Number of AtomsPrefix1Mono-2Di3Tri-4Tetra5Penta6Hexa7Hepta8Octa9Nona-10Deca
20Example 8 Name the compound N2O4. There are two nitrogen atoms and four oxygen atoms. Therefore the name is dinitrogen tetraoxide.
21Example 9 Name the compound NO2. There is one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. Therefore the name is mononitrogen dioxide. However the prefix mono- is generally not used, therefore the name is nitrogen dioxide.
22Example 10 Write the formula for diphosphorus tetrafluoride. Since di- means two and tetra means four the formula is P2F4.