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Chapter 6.3 Notes. 1. Naming Ionic Compounds a. The name of an ionic compound must distinguish the compound from other ionic compounds containing the.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6.3 Notes. 1. Naming Ionic Compounds a. The name of an ionic compound must distinguish the compound from other ionic compounds containing the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6.3 Notes

2 1. Naming Ionic Compounds a. The name of an ionic compound must distinguish the compound from other ionic compounds containing the same elements. b. The formula of an ionic compound describes the ratio of the ions in the compound.

3 2. Binary Ionic Compounds a. A compound made from only two elements is a binary compound. b. The pattern for naming binary ionic compounds is the cation followed by the name of the anion.

4 i. The name for the cation is the name of the metal without any changes while the name of the anion uses part of the name of the nonmetal with the suffix –ide at the end.

5 3. Metals With Multiple Ions a. When a metal forms more than one ion, the name of the ion contains a Roman numeral to indicate the charge on the ion.

6 b. Ex.1) Copper(I) Oxide VS. Copper(II) Oxide i. The chemical formula for copper(I) oxide is Cu 2 O because it takes two Cu 1+ ions to balance the charge on an O 2- ion.

7 ii. The chemical formula for copper(II) oxide is CuO because it takes only one Cu 2+ ion to balance the charge on an O 2- ion.

8 4. Polyatomic Ions a. A covalently bonded group of atoms that has a positive or negative charge and acts as a unit is a polyatomic ion. b. The prefix poly means many.

9 c. Ex. 2) Iron(III) Hydroxide i. Chemical formula = Fe(OH) 3, The parentheses and subscript 3 indicates that there are three hydroxide ions for each iron (III) ions.

10 5. Writing Formulas for Ionic Compounds a. If you know the name of an ionic compound, you can write its formula. b. Place the symbol of the cation first, followed by the symbol of the anion.

11 c. Use subscripts to show the ratio of the ions in the compound. d. Because all compounds are neutral, the total charges on the cations and anions must add up to zero.

12 e. Ex. 3) Sulfur and Sodium i. There must be two sodium ions (Na + ) for each sulfide ion (S 2- ). The formula for sodium sulfide is Na 2 S. The 2- charge on one sulfide ion is balanced by the 1+ charges on two sodium ions.

13 What Do I Know? The name of the compound is calcium chloride. What Do I Need To Know? The chemical formula for calcium chloride. Plan and Solve: 1.List the symbols and charges for the cation and anion.  Ca with a charge of 2+ and Cl with a charge of Determine the ratio of ions in the compound.  It takes two 1- charges to balance the 2+ charge. There will be two chloride ions for each calcium ion. 3.Write the formula for calcium chloride. CaCl 2

14 What Do I Know? The name of the compound is calcium oxide. What Do I Need To Know? The chemical formula for calcium oxide. Plan and Solve: 1.List the symbols and charges for the cation and anion.  Ca with a charge of 2+ and O with a charge of Determine the ratio of ions in the compound.  It takes one calcium ion with a charge of 2+ to balance one oxide ion with a charge of 2-. Answer: 3.Write the formula for calcium oxide.  CaO

15 What Do I Know? The name of the compound is Copper(I) sulfide. What Do I Need To Know? The chemical formula for copper(I) sulfide. Plan and Solve: 1.List the symbols and charges for the cation and anion.  Cu(I) with a charge of 1+ and Sulfide with a charge of 2- 2.Determine the ratio of ions in the compound.  Two copper(I) ions, each with a charge of 1+, balance one sulfide ion with a charge of Write the formula for calcium chloride.  Cu 2 S

16 What Do I Know? The name of the compound is Sodium Sulfate. What Do I Need To Know? The chemical formula for Sodium Sulfate. Plan and Solve: 1.List the symbols and charges for the cation and anion.  Sodium with a charge of 1+ and sulfate with a charge of Determine the ratio of ions in the compound.  Two sodium ions, each with a charge of 1+, balance one sulfate ion with a charge of Write the formula for sodium sulfate.  Na 2 SO 4

17 6. Describing Molecular Compounds a. In naming molecular compounds the focus is on the composition of molecules. b. The name and formula of a molecular compound describe the type and number of atoms in a molecule of the compound.

18 c. In naming molecular compounds the most metallic element appears first in the name. These elements are farther to the left and bottom of the periodic table. d. You first must add the proper prefix to each element. The prefix tells us how many atoms of each element there are. e. The name of the second element ends in ide. Such as Carbon Dioxide.

19 Number of AtomsPrefix 1Mono- 2Di 3Tri- 4Tetra 5Penta 6Hexa 7Hepta 8Octa 9Nona- 10Deca

20 Name the compound N 2 O 4. There are two nitrogen atoms and four oxygen atoms. Therefore the name is dinitrogen tetraoxide.

21 Name the compound NO 2. There is one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. Therefore the name is mononitrogen dioxide. However the prefix mono- is generally not used, therefore the name is nitrogen dioxide.

22 Write the formula for diphosphorus tetrafluoride. Since di- means two and tetra means four the formula is P 2 F 4.


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