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Structure and Function of Human Body 人體結構與功能 by Chung W.Wu,M.S.,R.Ph.

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Presentation on theme: "Structure and Function of Human Body 人體結構與功能 by Chung W.Wu,M.S.,R.Ph."— Presentation transcript:

1 Structure and Function of Human Body 人體結構與功能 by Chung W.Wu,M.S.,R.Ph.

2 Nerve Systyem Electrical Signals Controlled by Nerve System

3 Action Potential Cell Membrane Ion Channel Electrical Current Membrane Potential Resting Membrane Potential Na-K Pump

4 Neurotransmitter (Chemical Neurotransmitter) 1. Ach 2. Nor-Epinephrine Epinephrine Dopamine Serotonin 3. GABA

5 Serotonin: Hallucination Stress: Serotonin Decrease Nor-Epinephrine Increase Attack Action

6 Electroencephalogram (EEG) Germany—Hans Berger Brain Wave: Brain Nerve Cell Action Potential

7 1.Alpha 2.Beta 3.Delta 4.Theta

8 Sleep and Brain Waves 1. Rapid eye movement Sleep (REM) 2. Nonrapid eye movement Sleep (NREM)

9 Sleep Disorder 1. Insomnia 2. Sleepwalking 3. Bed-Wetting 4. Narcolepsy 5. Sleep Apnea

10 Digestive System Digestive Tract 口腔 --- 食道 --- 胃 --- 小腸 --- 大腸 --- 肛門

11 Accessory Structure 牙齒 舌頭 唾液 肝臟 膽囊 胰臟 Total Length : 9 Meter

12 The Nerve Innervation of Digestive Tract Autonomic Nervous System SNS : 抑制平滑肌收縮及腺體分泌 PNS

13 Enteric Nervous System 內在神經系統 控制腸胃道的運動

14 The Secretion of Alimentary Tract 1. Secretion of Saliva Composition of Saliva ml/Daily 99.5% Water 0.5% Solute NaCl HCO3 HPO4 溶菌酶 澱粉酶 (Starch—Maltose)

15 The Function of Saliva 1. Digestion 2. 殺菌作用 3. 潤滑食物 4. 清潔口腔

16 Gastric Secretion 1. Pepsin(pH1.8—3.5) 2. Gastric Acid 3. 凝乳酶

17 The Mechanism of Gastric Secretion 1. CO2+H2 O H2CO3 2. H2CO H +HCO3

18 The Protection Mechanism of Parietal Cells 1. Soluble Mucus 2. HCO3 Secretion 胃壁細胞分泌 Caffeine Content

19 The Composition of Gastric Acid H+, Na+, K+ Cl-, HCO3

20 Caffeine Content Caffeine(mg/cup) Brewed Instant Decaffeinated 2-10 Tea Cola 35-55

21 Secretion of Pancreatic Enzyme liter/daily 1. Pancreatic Amylase 2. Pancreatic Lipase 3. Cholesterol Esterase 4. Trypsin 胰蛋白酶 5. Carboxypolypeptidase

22 Secretion of Bile 膽鹽 : 1. 幫助脂肪的消化與吸收 2. 排除代謝物 Bilirubin,Cholesterol

23 Liver 1. Synthesis of Bile ml 2. Storage of Vit.A,B12,D,E Glucagon 3. Detoxification of Enzyme in Liver 4. Synthesis of Heparin (anticoagulation) 5. 吞噬已破壞之紅血球

24 腸液 ( 酵素 ) 1. 消化碳水化合物 2. 消化蛋白質 3. 消化脂肪 4. 分解 Peptide

25 膽囊 (Gall Bladder) Storage of Bile( ml) Gallstone

26 Secretion of the Large Intestine K+,HCO3 吸收水份

27 食糜停留時間 24hrs Anus( 肛門 ) 排便

28 The Reproductive System Male XY Female---22+XX

29 Spermatogenesis Meiosis Sperm Head---Chromosome Tail---Movement

30 Semen Sperm, Buffer Solution HCO,HPO pH=7.5

31 Ejaculation ml 100 million Sperms

32 Erection Parasympathetic Stimulation


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