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Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint ® Lecture Slide Presentation prepared by Michael Hall Chapter 13 Tobacco and Caffeine: Daily Pleasures, Daily Challenges
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Objectives Discuss social issues involved in tobacco use, including advertising and medical costs. Explain how chemicals in tobacco affect a smoker. Review how smoking affects the risk for cancer; cardiovascular disease; respiratory disease and a fetus’s health. Discuss the risks associated with smokeless tobacco. Evaluate the risks to nonsmokers associated with environmental tobacco smoke. Discuss the role of politics in regulating tobacco products. Describe strategies people adopt to quit using tobacco products. Compare the benefits and risks associated with caffeine.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Our Smoking Society 438,000 Americans die annually from tobacco-related diseases Currently, 23 percent of teenagers smoke 3,000 teens under the age of 18 becomes smokers each day 6,000 teens smoke there first cigarette each day
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Annual Deaths Attributable to Smoking in the United States Figure 13.1
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Cigarette Smoking By Grade Level Figure 13.2
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Tobacco And Social Issues Advertising – tobacco industry spends large amounts of money to keep smokers, and to find new smokers Financial costs to society – The cost of tobacco product use in terms of lost productivity and lost lives
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings College Students And Smoking Smoking among college students increased by 32 percent between 1991 and 1999 Researchers found that greater than 60 percent of college students used some form of tobacco product
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Percentage of Population That Smokes (age 18 and older) among Select Groups in the United States Table 13.1
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings ABC News: Tobacco Play Video Play Video | Tobacco
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings ABC News: Tobacco Discussion Questions: Why do you think that the federal government heavily regulates nicotine replacement products but not the delivery of cigarettes? Why does Phillip Morris want to have the federal government regulate their tobacco products?
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Tobacco And Its Effects Nicotine – chemical stimulant Smoke contains 4,700 chemical substances Tar – condensed particulate matter from smoke that accumulates in the lungs Phenols – chemical irritant in smoke that may combine with other chemicals to contribute to the development of lung cancer Cilia – nicotine impairs the cleansing function of cilia Carbon monoxide – tobacco smoke contains 800 times the level considered safe by the U.S.E.P.A.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings What’s in Cigarette Smoke? Table 13.2
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Tobacco Products Cigarettes Clove cigarettes – 40% ground cloves, 60% tobacco Cigars – contains 23 poisons, 43 carcinogens Bidis – small hand-rolled, flavored cigarettes, contain 3 times more CO and nicotine, and 5 times more tar than cigarettes Smokeless tobacco Chewing tobacco Dipping tobacco Snuff
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Physiological Effects Of Nicotine Nicotine is a powerful central nervous system stimulant Nicotine increases heart and respiratory rates, constricts blood vessels, and raises blood pressure Nicotine decreases blood sugar levels and the stomach constrictions that signal hunger Nicotine poisoning symptoms: Dizziness Lightheadedness Rapid and erratic pulse Nausea
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Tobacco Addiction Pairings – environmental cue that triggers a craving for nicotine Paired associations include: having a cup of coffee with a cigarette Genetic predisposition
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Health Hazards Of Smoking Cancer Cardiovascular disease Platelet adhesiveness Stroke Respiratory disorders Chronic bronchitis Emphysema Sexual dysfunction Gum disease
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings How Cigarette Smoking Damages the Lungs Figure 13.3
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Mainstream – smoke drawn through tobacco while inhaling Sidestream – smoke from the burning end of a cigarette or exhaled by a smoker Involuntary or passive smokers – breath smoke from someone else’s smoking product 9 out 10 nonsmoking Americans are exposed to ETS
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Risks From ETS Sidestream smoke contains more carcinogenic substances Sidestream smoke has 2 times more tar and nicotine, 5 times more carbon monoxide, 50 times more ammonia ETS is responsible for 3,000 lung cancer deaths, 35,000 CVD deaths, 13,000 deaths from other cancers
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Protecting Yourself and Others from Secondhand Smoke Table 13.3
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Tobacco And Politics Its been 40 years since the government began warning that tobacco use was hazardous to the health of the nation 1998 Master’s Settlement Agreement Tobacco industry to pay states $206 billion over 25 years Pay $1.5 billion over 10 years to support antismoking measures $250 million to study ways to stop kids from smoking No billboard advertising Prevent youth access to “branded” merchandise Ban on using cartoon characters in advertising Do not market cigarettes to children Do not misrepresent the health effects of cigarettes
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Quitting Breaking the nicotine addiction Withdrawal Nicotine replacement products Nicotine gum Nicotine patch Nasal spray Nicotine inhaler Zyban
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Breaking The Habit Operant conditioning – pairs smoking with a stimulus, after time the stimulus is removed and the smoker quits Self-control therapy – smoking is a learned habit associated with certain situations. Therapy is aimed at identifying the situations and teaching the skills necessary to resist smoking
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Recommended Therapies for Smoking Cessation Table 13.4
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Benefits Of Quitting Many tissues damaged by smoking can repair themselves in the absence of smoke Airways are cleared of mucous Circulation improves Senses of taste and smell are restored At the end of 10 smoke-free years, the ex-smoker can expect to live a normal life span
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings When Smokers Quit Figure 13.4
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Caffeine Drug derived from chemical family xanthines Mild CNS stimulants Side effects include: wakefulness, insomnia, irregular heartbeat, dizziness, nausea, indigestion, and mild delirium
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Caffeine Content of Various Products Table 13.5
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Caffeine Addiction Caffeinism – syndrome of “coffee nerves” resulting from the habit forming use of caffeine products to avoid feeling mentally or physically depressed, exhausted, and weak Because caffeine meets the requirements for addiction – tolerance, psychological dependency, and withdrawal symptoms – it can be classified as addictive
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings The Health Consequences Of Long-Term Caffeine Use Linked to health problems ranging from hearth disease and cancer to mental dysfunction and birth defects Irritates stomach lining Harmful to people with ulcers Patients with mammillary cysts should avoid caffeine Pregnant women should limit caffeine
Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. written by Bridget Melton, Georgia Southern University Lecture Outline Chapter 13 Tobacco and Caffeine: Daily.
Smoking. Smoking…… Tobacco has been known and used for centuries: It can be snuffed; It can be snuffed; It can be chewed; It can be chewed; It can be.
Chapter 11 Lecture Chapter 11: Ending Tobacco Use © 2016 Pearson Education, Inc.
Introduction Smoking is one of the worst things kids or adults can do to their bodies. Yet every single day nearly 4,400 kids between the ages 12 and 17.
The chemicals in all tobacco products harm the body.
Tobacco CHAPTER – Facts About Tobacco Tobacco is a woody, shrub-like plant with large leaves. These leaves are harvested and prepared for smoking.
Tobacco. Nicotine is a stimulant drug found in tobacco products, including cigarettes, clove cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, pipe tobacco, and snuff.
Truth in Advertising??? Why do grandparents smoke?
Tobacco. What is Tobacco Plant grown in U.S., China, Brazil, India Leaves are dried and aged for 2-3 years Used to make cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco,
Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Tobacco Use in the United States Financial Costs to Society $193 billion in annual health-related economic losses.
Nicotine and Tobacco Use The harmful effects of smoking.
Chapter 8. Write 3 paragraphs on how tobacco has had an effect on you or how it can have an effect on your life. Give specific examples.
Tobacco / Nicotine. Introduction Smoking most avoidable cause of death 1,000 Americans die each day due to tobacco related diseases – 1 in 6 deaths.
Tobacco Chapter 8 ???? ____ % of new smokers are adolescents/teenagers ???? Smokers have about a _____% greater risk of dying from coronary heart disease.
Chapter 12 Tobacco. Tobacco Use: Scope of the Problem Cigarette smoking is the major, most pre- ventable cause of disease and premature death in the.
Coach Tondee CHAPTER 21 TOBACCO 9 TH GRADE HEALTH.
© 2007 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Chapter Thirteen Tobacco: The Smoking Challenge Tobacco: The Smoking Challenge.
Chapter 21 Tobacco.
CHAPTER 21 TOBACCO MRS. CRUSAN HOME LIVING. ADDICTIVE DRUG A SUBSTANCE THAT CAUSES PHYSIOLOGICAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE. ONE REASON IT IS SO DIFFICULT.
Chapter 10 Tobacco Notes How many chemicals are in one puff of tobacco? –4,000 How many of the chemicals in cigarettes cause cancer? –43 How many.
Tuesday 1/19 Current Event due Thursday! Natural High Project due next week 1/27 Journal: In the debate between smoking and chewing tobacco, which is more.
James M. Eddy Texas A&M University The Health Effects of Smoking.
Tobacco Use A SERIOUS HEALTH RISK!.
Health – Chapter 14 Review for Test. All cancer-causing agents are called __________ carcinogens carcinogens.
Chapter 12 Lecture Access to Health Thirteenth Edition © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Ending Tobacco Use.
Chapter 24 Review Tobacco. True or False: The tar in cigarettes raises blood pressure and increases heart rate.
Chapter 12 - Lesson 2. Smoking – don’t get sucked in!!! Tobacco use among adults has declined over 40% since 75% of adults DO NOT use tobacco.
Should smoking be banned from all public places?.
Chapter 20: The Effects of Tobacco Use. Key Terms Nicotine Stimulant Carcinogen Tar Carbon Monoxide Smokeless Tobacco Leukoplakia Nicotine.
Teens and Tobacco Most people who begin to smoke do so when they are in their teens FACT: 8 out of 10 people who try tobacco will become addicted to it!
Wellness Chapter 20 Tobacco Lesson One The Health Risks of Tobacco Use.
Tobacco Prevention. What Kills the Most Americans Every Year? Rank them in order from 1-10 AIDS Suicide Alcohol Fires Secondhand Smoke Heroin Tobacco.
Mr. Lopez and Mr. Guzzarde
Wacko Tobacco Trivia!. Question #1 Name 2 forms of tobacco. Cigarettes Cigars Smokeless Tobacco Pipes.
Chapter 11- Tobacco Section 1- Tobacco Use
Identify the harmful ingredients in tobacco smoke and describe how tobacco affects the body. Examine the dangers of using alcohol, short-term effects.
The Health Risks of Tobacco Use (2:39)
12/4/14 What are some reasons why people may start smoking? ¿Qué es algunas razones por qué personas fuman cigarrillos?
Effects of Tobacco Use. Nicotine Addictive drug – a substance that causes physiological or psychological dependence Stimulant – a drug that increases.
Tobacco: The Harmful Effects. Introduction Recent statistics show that about 5 million people -which is 1 in 10 adults - die each year due to smoking:
True or False 1.At high doses, nicotine is a nerve poison 2.Chewing tobacco is safer than smoking tobacco because no smoke gets into the lungs 3.Herbal.
12/__/10 Do you think that states should be allowed to restrict smoking? Why or why not?
Chapter 21 Lesson 1- The Effects of Tobacco Use. Tobacco Use Tobacco use is the #1 cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. The government.
Chapter 21 Lesson 1. Did You Know ? More and more people are becoming aware of the health risks of tobacco use. The current trend is for individuals to.
TOBACCO Chapter 20.
CHAPTER 13 n TOBACCO Since Jan. 1, 1966, all cigarette packages sold in the United States have carried health warnings. Cigarette advertising on television.
Ch 16 Notes – Tobacco. Section Teens and Tobacco.
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