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START Triage During a Mass Casualty Gina Smith RN Director of Emergency Management.

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Presentation on theme: "START Triage During a Mass Casualty Gina Smith RN Director of Emergency Management."— Presentation transcript:

1 START Triage During a Mass Casualty Gina Smith RN Director of Emergency Management

2 Presenter Gina Smith RN CHEP Team Commander MA-2 DMAT UMass Memorial Medical Center Program Director EMS Emergency Management Injury Prevention

3 Disclosure Statement: I have no actual or potential conflict of interest in relation to this program/presentation. Gina Smith

4 Objectives Describe the key elements of disaster triage Recognize the basic principles of “START” Mass Casualty Triage Demonstrate options for Start Triage tagging

5 MCI Mass Casualty Incident An incident which generates more patients than available resources can manage using routine procedures

6 Determining Factors  number of patients  number of ambulances.  number of available, qualified personnel.  personnel efficiency.  number of appropriate hospital beds.  minus the number of beds occupied by patients.  communications system capacity.

7 Medical concerns Search and rescue Triage and initial stabilization Evacuation Definitive medical care

8 Search and Rescue Local population is usually your first search and rescue team Communities are now developing specially trained Search and rescue teams Technical specialists knowledgeable in HAZMAT, structural engineering, and technical search and rescue equipment such as listening devices, remote cameras etc. May include trained canines

9 START Simple Triage And Rapid Treatment

10 START Developed in the early 1980’s Rapid approach to triaging large numbers of casualties Easy to remember

11 START MCI Triage Initial assessment and treatment should take less than 30 seconds for each patient

12 Triage Categories Red (Priority 1) Yellow (Priority 2) Green (Priority 3) Black (Dead or death is imminent)

13 TRIAGE RED Red Life threatening but treatable injuries requiring rapid medical care Priority 1 Immediate

14 TRIAGE YELLOW Yellow Potentially serious injury but stable enough to wait a short time for treatment Priority 2 Delayed

15 TRIAGE GREEN Green Minor injury that can wait longer for treatment Priority 3 Minor

16 Triage Black Black Deceased, Patients with irreversible injuries for which death is imminent Deceased (holding)

17 Triage Begins Clear the walking wounded from site using verbal instruction Direct them to treatment areas for detailed assessment and treatment Tag as GREEN or Priority 3

18 RPM Respirations Perfusion Mental Status

19 Assessment guide RPMRPM 30 2 Can DO


21 What’s your call? An adult, shaking his head, non ambulatory. He says he’s too dizzy to walk. RR 20 CR 2 sec Obeys commands

22 What’s your call? Adult female, had been trapped by her lower legs under caved-in wreckage. RR 24 Cap refill 4 sec Moans with verbal stimulus

23 What’s your call? A woman is carrying a crying infant. She is able to walk. RR 20 CR 2 sec Obeys commands

24 What’s your call? An adult male lies on the ground RR 20 Good distal pulse Obeys commands but cries that he can’t move his legs OR

25 What’s your call? Adult Female apparent Compound fracture, left femur Respirations over 36/minute Radial pulse weak Awake

26 Triage Tag Sample

27 Hospital Triage Secondary Triage Quickly reassess Triage should take place outside of ER dept. Initial hospital triage can be changed from initial field triage.

28 Triage Triage is a dynamic process and is often done more than once for each patient.

29 Triage Tagging Commercial product Ribbons Skin Markers Colored tape

30 Questions Thank you for all that you do!

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