Diagnostic Criteria One or more symptoms or deficits that alters voluntary motor or sensory function that may signal neurological or other medical condition The symptom or deficit is not intentionally produced or feigned The symptom or deficit cannot be explained medically or seen as a result of any substance
Diagnostic Features Weakness or paralysis Abnormal movements such as tremors Abnormal limb posturing Impaired coordination or balance Impaired vision Impaired hearing Gait problems
Precise prevalence of the disorder is unknown due to the requirement to assess the diagnosis in secondary care, where it is found in about 5% of referrals to neurological clinics Incidence of individual persistent conversion symptoms is approximately 2-5/100,000 per year
Development and Course Onset of non-epileptic attacks peaks in the third decade Motor symptoms are at their most potential in the fourth decade Symptoms can be transient or persistent Prognosis of the disorder may be more prevalent in younger children than in adolescents and adults
Changes similar to conversion symptoms are frequent in certain culturally sanctioned rituals Conversion disorder is two or three times more likely to affect females
Risk(s) and Prognostic Factors Maladaptive personality traits are typically connected with conversion disorder A past of childhood abuse and neglect as well as stressful life events are often present Presence of neurological disease that causes symptoms similar to conversion disorder may play a risk factor Short lifespan of symptoms and acceptance of the diagnosis are positive prognostic factors However, maladjusted personality traits, coexisting physical disease, and list of disability benefits may be negative prognostic factors
Holly Longford from Adelaide, Australia was diagnosed with Conversion Disorder at the age of 15 after a collision while playing netball. http://www.todaytonightadelaide.com.au/stories/conversion-disorder
The cause of Conversion Disorder is still inconclusive today. Psychologists only know that it can be triggered through stress. Although it may seem like a scary disorder, because you don't know why it's really happening, there are some treatment for it, such as talk therapy, physiotherapy and occupational therapy. Because of it’s physical effects, it may seem like it’s part of the medical perspective but since it can’t be cured medically, it is not. We believe it can be explained by both psychodynamic and social cultural. Psychodynamic because it can caused by childhood trauma and social cultural, because it can also be triggered by stress caused by the patients social context.