2Warm upBefore we begin Abnormal Psych, what do you hope to learn in this unit?Have you had any experience dealing with psychological disorders – people connected to you or any past reading on this topic?
11Early Views of Mental Illness In ancient times, mental illness was usually explained through a supernatural model; the person was possessed.During the Middle Ages treatment methods were inhumane and cruel
12Conditions for Psychologically Disabled European Trephines “released evil spirits.”Ancient Greek Trephines
15The Medical ModelDiseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured.Disorders are diagnosed based on symptoms and treated or cured through therapy.Disorders are similar to a physical illness.
16Bio-Psycho-Social Model Believe mental illnesses combine biological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors to produce psychological disorders
19DiagnosisDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)—describes symptoms and diagnostic guidelines for psychological disordersMade by the APA.Provides common language to label mental disordersHas guidelines to diagnose mental disorders
20DSM-IV-TR Divides mental disorders into 17 major categories Includes symptoms but not causes of each diseaseLists and describes 250 specific psychological disorders
23Labeling StigmasStudies show a clear bias against people diagnosed with mental disorders.Rosenhan Study – “normal” people pretended to hear voices and checked into a mental hospital then acted normal.Their normal actions were taken to be abnormal once they were labeled schizophrenic.
24PrevalenceRoughly 50% of adults experienced symptoms at least once in their lives80% who experienced symptoms in the last year did NOT seek treatmentMany would benefit from treatment don’t seek it.Most people just deal with it.Women have higher prevalence of depression and anxietyMen have higher prevalence of substance abuse and antisocial personality disorder
29Are People with a Mental Illness as Violent as the Media Portrays Them? People with mental disorders are often depicted on TV as helpless victims or evil villains who are unpredictable, dangerous, and violent.Studies show that former mental patients did not have a higher rate of violence than “normal” people.People with severe mental disorders who experience bizarre delusional ideas and hallucinated voices do have a slightly higher level of violent and illegal behavior than do “normal” people.
35With a partner… Choose one of the disorders. Create a 2 minute newscast where one person interviews another person that has one of the disorders.Your dialogue should be “two minutes in length”; hand it in once you’re done with your presentation.Have fun!