Presentation on theme: "James Joyce Life and Work (1882-1941). Modernism Challenged traditional attitudes about God, humanity, and society. Scientific and industrial advances."— Presentation transcript:
Modernism Challenged traditional attitudes about God, humanity, and society. Scientific and industrial advances caused social upheaval: Discontinuity Fragmentation Alienation Despair
Brief Bio Declining middle-class family, more than 12 children Reduced to poverty by his father’s drinking Received a classical education at Jesuit school At University College, he rejected his religion and national heritage / alienated writer Believed typical citizens of Dublin lived lives of mediocrity, sentimentality, and self-deception Settled in Paris (1920-death) among artists
Technique Stream of consciousness : reveals character’s thoughts as they experience them Ulysses was censored in the US until 1933 because of these uninhibited thoughts Moment of Epiphany: “sudden spiritual manifestation, whether in the vulgarity of speech or gesture or in a memorable phase of the mind itself.”
His Writing Even though he lived in Paris, his writing was always about Dublin, the “center of paralysis” Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1915): Protagonist who rejects custom and tradition If the artists was to see clearly and report freshly what he saw, it was necessary to stand outside the commonplace responses to experience derived from family, church, or country. Ulysses (1922)- his masterpiece – one day in the life of Irish-Jew, Leopold Bloom, who represents a microcosm of all human experience
Most Challenging Work Finnegan’s Wake (1939): His most challenging work Experimental – plays with language within a fluid dream world – character’s experiences evolve into expanding meanings produced through complex allusions and elaborate puns in multiple languages Deep, lasting influence on literature
Dubliners Joyce’s quarrel with his native city, and his homage to it Most accessible of Joyce’s work 15 stories about characters who struggle with oppressive morality, plodding routines, somber shadows, self-conscious decency, restless desires, and frail gestures toward freedom Made up of quiet moments that turn out to be important Called it “a chapter of the moral history of my country” Causes of paralysis: Catholicism, family life, economy, vulnerability to political forces
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