Presentation on theme: "VEX and Robot C Chris Patterson Presented by Modified by J. Andazola."— Presentation transcript:
VEX and Robot C Chris Patterson Presented by Modified by J. Andazola
Robot C and Natural Language
Natural Language In short, Natural Language is a form of C based programming that cuts down on coding and makes things a bit simpler.
Natural Language For Example, –What do you think startMotor(rightMotor, 127); does? Example 1
Natural Language - Until For example, what might you expect the following to do? untilTouch(bumpSwitch); startMotor(leftMotor, 63); Example 2
Example 3 A motor turns on once the bump switch is touched and then turns off once the limit switch is touched.
Basic Output Programming EXAMPLE 4 Let’s turn on the rightMotor for 4 seconds and then off for 4 seconds. Repeat this operation twice.
Basic Output Programming – Example 4
Basic Output Programming
Basic Output Programming – Example 5 Turn on a motor and then wait 5 seconds. Set servo to position 127 for 3 seconds and then position 96 for 4 seconds.
EXAMPLE 5 A motor turns on clockwise at full power when the potentiometer is greater than 3000 and turns counterclockwise at full power when the potentiometer is less than 2000.
Example 6 - What will this program do?
Basic Output Programming – Example
Natural Language - Until The program will wait at the “Until” line of code. Once the condition for that sensor is true, the program continues.
Behavior-Based Programming A behavior is anything your robot does –Turning on a single motor or servo Three main types of behaviors 1.Complex behaviors – Robot performs a complex task (automated fan control) 2.Simple behaviors – Simple task performed by the robot (fan stops when sensor activated) 3.Basic behaviors – Single commands to the robot (turn on a motor) Complex behaviors can always be broken down into simple behaviors, which are then broken down into basic behaviors
VEX Motion Subsystem – Servos Similar in appearance to the 3-wire motor Very different in operation –Rotates between 0 and 120 degrees –Motor is set to a “power value” –Servo is set to a “position value” –-127 = 0 degrees, 0 = 60 degrees, 127 = 120 degrees, etc. –Natural Language command setServo()
Programming with Sensor Feedback
Analog Sensors: -Light Sensor -Potentiometer -Line follower Digital Sensors: -Bumper Switch -Limit Switch -Optical Shaft Encoder -Ultrasonic Range Finder VEX Sensors Subsystem
While and If-Else Loops
While Loops While loop is a structure within ROBOTC Allows a section of code to be repeated as long as a certain condition remains true Three main parts to every while loop 1.The word “while” 2.The condition 3.Commands to be repeated
The Condition Condition controls how long or how many times a while loop repeats –When condition is true, the while loop repeats –When condition is false, the while loop ends and the remainder of the program executes Condition is checked once every time loop repeats before commands between curly braces are run
Revisit Example 1 EXAMPLE 1 Let’s turn on the rightMotor for 4 seconds and then off for 4 seconds. Repeat this operation twice. Instead of running it twice, let’s loop it continuously. (running it twice would require a variable, and we aren’t there quite yet)
While Loops – Example 1 Revisited
While Loops The while loop has a true condition so it will always run. If the condition is always true, you cannot leave the while loop. While loops can be based on a sensor condition as well. For example:
While Loops – Using a sensor condition
While Loops – Using Multiple Conditions
While Loop – Timers as Conditions Timer T1 is used as the condition for the while loop, which will run for 30 seconds
If Statements If statement in the program is evaluated by condition contained in parentheses –If condition is true, commands between braces are run –If condition is false, those commands are ignored Very similar to how a while loop works, but does not repeat the code
If-Else Statements If-else statement is an expansion of if statement –If checks condition and runs appropriate commands when it evaluates to true –Else allows code to run when condition is false –Either if or else branch is always run once
If Statements Example
Let’s revisit Example 4 A motor turns on clockwise at full power when the potentiometer is greater than 3000 and turns counterclockwise at full power when the potentiometer is less than 2000
Example 4 – While loop and If-Else Statements
This is just the beginning… You have been given enough tools to go out and EXPLORE on your own time. Use the lessons in the PLTW curriculums to try out some of the activities and projects.