2Table of Contents Appearance Habitat Hunting Habits Food Choices AdaptationsOwletsGlossaryIndex
3What do owls look like? There are over 200 species of owls. 1There are over 200 species of owls.All owls have similar features such as:Large, forward facing eyesRounded headsShort tailsStiff, upright postureFlexible necks that allow themto turn their heads up to 270°
4Where do owls live?2Owls can live all over the world in many different habitats.Most owls, like the tawny owls,live in forests where they maketheir nests in trees.Other owls, such as artic owls,can live on the Artic tundra andthey make their nests on theground.Other owls, such as the burrowingowls, owls can live in the grasslandsand prairies where they make theirnests in the abandon burrows of animals.
5How do owls hunt? Most owls are nocturnal. Owls often hunt alone and 3Most owls are nocturnal.Owls often hunt alone anduse their feathers ascamouflage.Owls consume the entire body of the prey even though they do not have any teeth.As an owl approaches it prey, it spreads its wings as wide as they will stretch. The owl thrusts its large claws forward to grab the animal. Once an owl has successfully caught its prey, it will immediately start to eat it, unless the owl is catching food for its young.
6What do owls eat?4Owls only digest the parts of their prey that provide them energy. The rest of the animal that they have no use for (fur, bones, etc.) is coughed up in pellets.An owl’s typical diet includes:RodentsSmall birdsFishFrogsInsects
7What adaptations do owls make? 5Adaptations are made to make themexcellent predators.The six common owl adaptations are:Camouflage – Owls have special markings on their feathers that help keep them from being seen by other animals.Claws & Beak – Owls have extremely powerful claws and beaks to help catch prey quickly.Eyesight – Owls have great eyesight because of the location and size of their eyes. Since they cannot move their eyes they can almost turn their heads in a full circle.Hearing – Owls faces are shaped elliptically to help their ears take in as much sound as possible. Both ears are shaped and positioned differently to pic up more sound.
8Owlets Nests to lay eggs are built in dark burrows and tree hollows. 6Nests to lay eggs are built in dark burrows and tree hollows.The eggs are often white to help the parents of the offspring locate them.The mother incubates the egg for about a month. Once they hatch they rely on their parents for food and shelter for about two months.The babies leave their parents and the nest when they begin growing their first adult feathers at about three months old.
9Glossary Nocturnal – owls are mostly active at night 7Nocturnal – owls are mostly active at nightPellets – a compact ball of all the parts of an animal that an owl could not digestPredator – an animal that naturally preys on othersPrey – an animal that is hunted by another for foodOwlets – baby owlsIncubate – to keep warmElliptical – having a shape like an oval with both ends alike