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Bradstreet and Edwards

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1 Bradstreet and Edwards
Puritan Worldview Bradstreet and Edwards

2 "If you please to plant yourself on the side of Fate, and say, Fate is all; then we say, a part of Fate is the freedom of man. Forever wells up the impulse of choosing and acting in the soul. Intellect annuls Fate.“ -- RALPH WALDO EMERSON, The Conduct of Life "And fate? No one alive has ever escaped it, neither brave man nor coward, I tell you-- it's born with us the day that we are born." --HOMER, The Iliad. Fate vs. free will is a common topic that has often been addressed in literary fiction and nonfiction. Have students read both quotes above and choose one of them to write a five-minute response/journal reflection on the significance of the quote on their life. Ask them: Do you believe man has free will or is his destiny preordained? Valuing morality probably keeps you from doing the wrong thing. (For example stealing or cheating) What are some other reasons that people choose to behave morally? (ex: fear, pride, vanity) What are some of the things that people value? (ex. money, family, religion) Fate vs. free will

3 Figurative language Literary_TermsTeaching1.ppt
Using the links above students will become familiar with the different literary terms, figurative language and emotional appeals often used by authors of literature and informational texts.

4 Figurative terms Groups
Students will be organized in four different groups of at least 5-6 students. The group will be given different figurative term and will be find the definitions of the figurative terms, will be given different examples of the figurative terms and will create a picture version using the figurative terms. Using a glossary of an English literature anthology or the Internet as a guide, the students from each group will try to find their corresponding match. allusion, assonance, atmosphere, contrast, end rhyme, figurative language, hyperbole, imagery, metaphor, mood, personification, rhetorical question, sensory imagery, sarcasm, simile, stanza, symbolism, theme, tone, voice.

5 Emotional appeals

6 Valuing morality probably keeps you from doing the wrong thing
Valuing morality probably keeps you from doing the wrong thing. (For example stealing or cheating) What are some other reasons that people choose to behave morally? (ex: fear, pride, vanity) What are some of the things that people value? (ex. money, family, religion)

Anne Bradstreet was the first published poet in America, which was an amazing accomplishment for her because in that time, it was considered improper for women to be accomplished writers. Bradstreet came to America with her husband and parents and settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony where they joined the Puritan community. In the beginning she hated life there, but later she had a change of heart when she realized that this new way of life was what God had in store for her. Bradstreet wrote poetry while raising children and taking care of her home. She only wrote for herself and only shared her writings with family and friends; however her brother-in-law took some of her poems back to England without her knowledge and had them published. Her best poems explore her love for her husband, her sadness over the death of her parents and other family members, and her struggle to accept the losses she suffered as being God’s will.

8 “Here Follow Some Verses from Upon The Burning Of Our House”
Literary Elements Theme Metaphor Extended Metaphor An extended metaphor is when an author uses a metaphor, a comparison between two unlike subjects, throughout a long passage or even an entire poem. An author would use extended metaphor to create a more clear comparison between the two items. It also allows the audience to visualize an idea more clearly, and can make something that may be complex a little more simple. Any others literary elements? Emotional Appeal What type?

9 Check for Understanding
What is the theme? Who is the speaker of the poem "Upon the Burning of Our House"? What does the speaker value most, material or spiritual goods? What emotional appeal did the author use? What is the purpose of the use of personification in lines of "Upon the Burning of Our House"? What meaning is the author trying to convey to the reader?

10 Metaphor check What metaphor does Bradstreet use in line 3?
What effect does the use of the metaphor have? How does the poem change after line 34? What important metaphor appears after the transition? Who is the “mighty Architect” in this metaphor on lines 43-44? Lines contain an extended metaphor. In your own words, summarize what you think the speaker is describing in the metaphor. Back

11 Exit Ticket How does Bradstreet's poem reflect her belief that individual events are all part of God’s master plan? Cite specific text examples from the poem that illustrate this belief. Here Follow Some Verses Upon the Burning of Our House Archaic Language Formative Quiz

12 Puritan Style The early European settlers were Puritans who left England to escape signs of corruption in the Church of England such as elaborate rituals, richly dressed clergy, and fine churches. To show their opposition to this, the Puritans dressed plainly and held simple religious services in meetinghouses that were undecorated. They also held the belief that they had a God-given responsibility to establish an ideal way of life in America.

Jonathan Edwards was a Puritan theologian, preacher and philosopher whose sermons focused on saving unrepentant sinners from eternal damnation in hell. In his sermons, he forced his congregation to envision an angry God who dangled sinners over a fiery hell. The young Jonathan Edwards was always religious, for he was brought up as a Puritan, but he wasn’t sure he believed in predestination, the belief that it was predetermined whether a person would go to heaven or hell. However, after studying divinity in 1721, he converted his way of thinking, placing all his faith in God as in control of all things, including a person’s destiny. In 1729, he took his grandfather’s place at the pulpit where he proclaimed that New England’s troublesome morality was due to the settlers’ moral and religious independence, and its incomplete acceptance of faith as the sole means of salvation. Between 1730 and 1750, a religious revival known as the Great Awakening spread throughout the colonies, causing mass conversions among the settlers. Jonathan Edwards was one of the preachers who was effective as converting his congregation, and his sermons were reproduced and spread across Britain and other regions in America. However, when some Puritans began objecting to his extreme teachings, he was removed from his post. He then went into exile, serving as a missionary for Native Americans. Later he served as president to the present-day Princeton University. Edwards is considered by many as the most influential American writer before Benjamin Franklin.

LITERARY ELEMENTS Imagery: refers to the set of mental pictures that writers create by using sensory details, or descriptions that appeal to one or more of the senses. Repetition: the recurrence of sounds, words, phrases, lines or stanzas in a literary work which increase the sense of unity and can call attention to particular ideas. Any other Figurative Language terms used? Emotional Appeal Author's Purpose

15 Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
pages Sinnersinthehandsofanangry2.ppt

16 Check for Understanding
What does "abhor" and "abominable" mean in the sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God?" Use context clues, cognates and connotations to discern the meaning. How does Jonathan Edwards structure his argument for revivalism in the sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"? Who is his audience? What is Edwards’ main purpose in writing the sermon?

17 Exit Ticket How does Jonathan Edwards use emotional appeals to persuade his listeners in "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"? Cite text examples that illustrate at least two contrasting emotional appeals. What is the tone that the sermon's rhetoric conveys by using these emotional appeals? How does the tone of Anne Bradstreet’s poem "Upon the Burning of Our House" contrast with Edwards' sermon? In the Hands of an Angry God Emotional appeals formative quiz

18 Test Comparison Graphic Organizer Attitudes and Beliefs Test
Submit to Compare and Contrast Essay Rubric Comparison/Contrast Essay Introduction Sample Compare-Contrast Essay Sample

19 Turn to page Read the passage; then select the BEST answer for each question. The questions go in order. According to the first and second paragraphs, the Puritans deserve the negative reputation they have earned because they always behaved in an overly strict and joyless way. may not have earned the negative reputation they have earned, because although they were quite strict, at times they enjoyed themselves. are a fun-loving, cheerful group who enjoy having a good time. In paragraph three, which of these would NOT be something a Puritan would approve of? Praying and reading the scripture as a family Working to help pick up trash around the town Teaching women to be church leaders. Publishing essays on the importance of leading an upright, moral life. In paragraph four, which of the following statements BEST reflects the Puritan view of their colonies in the New World? The Puritans believed they had to live in such a way as to be a model of perfection for the rest of the world. The Puritans understood what it felt like to be persecuted for having different religious beliefs, so they were tolerant of others’ religious views and beliefs. The New World Puritans believed they had to be careful not to anger the British King, so they were very cautious about the way in which they practiced their religion. Which of the following would not be an accurate statement? Ann Bradstreet’s poetry reflects a benevolent, fair God. The judges at the Salem witch trials reflect the importance the Puritans place on justice and impartiality. Jonathan Edwards’ sermon attempts to frighten people into behaving as a righteous Puritan. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel shows the kind of impact Puritan beliefs can have on human behavior.

20 The following questions relate to the tan section on pp
The following questions relate to the tan section on pp. 97, “Puritan Beliefs” According to the Puritan beliefs: 5. T or F: All people are born evil because Eve was tempted by the Devil. 6. T or F: A good person can go to heaven if he works hard enough. 7. T or F: A person could behave in a perfect, Godly manner all through his or her life, but not be one of the “Elect.” 8. T or F: One’s fate was determined before he or she is born and, therefore, could not be changed. 9. T or F: The Bible is the authority in church, but the government relied instead on statutes and judicial law. 10 T or F: The Bible gave the Puritans the right to take over the land of others, because they believed they were chosen by God. The following question refers to p. 136, “Voices from the Times: from the New England Primer”: Which of the following virtues is NOT represented in this Primer? morality Patience free thought hard work

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