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Spanish Power Grows Textbook Chapter 16-1. Section Vocabulary Hapsburg Empire: Holy Roman Empire and the Netherlands (Germany) Hapsburg Empire: Holy Roman.

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Presentation on theme: "Spanish Power Grows Textbook Chapter 16-1. Section Vocabulary Hapsburg Empire: Holy Roman Empire and the Netherlands (Germany) Hapsburg Empire: Holy Roman."— Presentation transcript:

1 Spanish Power Grows Textbook Chapter 16-1

2 Section Vocabulary Hapsburg Empire: Holy Roman Empire and the Netherlands (Germany) Hapsburg Empire: Holy Roman Empire and the Netherlands (Germany) Absolute monarch: ruler with complete authority over the government and the lives of the people Absolute monarch: ruler with complete authority over the government and the lives of the people Divine right: belief that the authority to rule comes directly from God Divine right: belief that the authority to rule comes directly from God Armada: naval fleet Armada: naval fleet

3 Charles V—2 crowns? 1516: grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella, Charles I, inherits the Spanish throne 1516: grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella, Charles I, inherits the Spanish throne 1519: Charles also inherits the throne of the Holy Roman Empire (Germany) 1519: Charles also inherits the throne of the Holy Roman Empire (Germany) Charles takes the name Charles V and is more commonly known this way Charles takes the name Charles V and is more commonly known this way

4 Problems with having two empires: Religion: Charles was a Catholic and fought to suppress Protestantism Religion: Charles was a Catholic and fought to suppress Protestantism Ottoman Empire: advances and occupation of Southeastern Europe Ottoman Empire: advances and occupation of Southeastern Europe Eventually, the empire becomes too difficult to rule and Charles gives up the thrones. Eventually, the empire becomes too difficult to rule and Charles gives up the thrones. His brother becomes Holy Roman Empire, while his son, Philip becomes the king of Spain. His brother becomes Holy Roman Empire, while his son, Philip becomes the king of Spain.

5 Philip II solidifies power Centralizing Power: reigned as an absolute monarch who believed in divine right and desired to defend the Catholic Reformation Centralizing Power: reigned as an absolute monarch who believed in divine right and desired to defend the Catholic Reformation Battles in the Mediterranean and the Netherlands: Philip was forced to fight many battles in order to defend Catholicism in these Protestant or Muslim areas Battles in the Mediterranean and the Netherlands: Philip was forced to fight many battles in order to defend Catholicism in these Protestant or Muslim areas

6 The Defeat of the Spanish The Armada sails against England: Queen Elizabeth I of England was Philip’s most powerful Protestant enemy. The Armada sails against England: Queen Elizabeth I of England was Philip’s most powerful Protestant enemy. She also encouraged the attacks of sea captains on Spanish ships to steal gold. She also encouraged the attacks of sea captains on Spanish ships to steal gold. In 1588, Philip assembled a huge armada to invade England (130 ships, 20,000 men, and 2,400 pieces of artillery). In 1588, Philip assembled a huge armada to invade England (130 ships, 20,000 men, and 2,400 pieces of artillery). However, the smaller English ships However, the smaller English ships were able to out maneuver those were able to out maneuver those of Spain and they defeated the of Spain and they defeated the Spanish fleet. Spanish fleet.

7 An Empire Declines The defeat of the Spanish fleet marked the beginning of the decline of Spanish power. The defeat of the Spanish fleet marked the beginning of the decline of Spanish power. Philip II’s successors were not good rulers. Philip II’s successors were not good rulers. Economic problems—costly overseas ventures, neglect of farming and commerce in favor of gold and silver Economic problems—costly overseas ventures, neglect of farming and commerce in favor of gold and silver Depletion of workforce due to the expulsion of Muslims and Jews from Spain Depletion of workforce due to the expulsion of Muslims and Jews from Spain

8 Spain’s Golden Age: While Spain was at its height politically and economically, it was also leading the way in culture. While Spain was at its height politically and economically, it was also leading the way in culture. Painters: El Greco and Velasquez Painters: El Greco and Velasquez Writers: Miguel Cervantes writes Don Quixote (first modern novel) Writers: Miguel Cervantes writes Don Quixote (first modern novel)


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