2Main IdeaSpain experienced a golden age during the 1500s, but economic problems and military struggles decreased Spanish power by the 1600s.
3GoalsIdentify the challenges King Charles I faced when he became Emperor Charles V (the fifth).Analyze some artistic achievements of Spain’s golden age.Chart the rise and decline of Spain under Philip II.
4The King Becomes Emperor 1516 Charles became King Charles I of Spain.Member of the Hapsburg familyAbsolute Monarch
5Terms to KnowAbsolute Monarch- Ruler whose power was not limited by nobles common people or their reps.Divine Right- Monarch received their power from God and could not be challenged.
6Charles V and the Empire His territoryCountries of Belgium, Netherlands, colonies in the AmericasBought votes to become Holy Roman Emperor.Charles I became Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.Large empire with lots of enemiesTurks, France, German princes
7Charles V and the Empire Wanted Europe to be Roman CatholicProtestant Reformation threatened his power.Declared Martin Luther an outlawRebellions against Catholic rulers spreadMartin Luther
8Peace of AugsburgAfter years of religious wars Charles V signed the Peace of Augsburg (right).Gave each German prince the right to choose whether his state would be protestant or catholic
9Success in the Americas Charles V claimed much of the Americas for Spain.Hernan Cortes (Aztecs)Coronado (explored the Southwest)Gold from the Americas made Spain super wealthy.Hernan Cortes
10Dividing the Empire Philip II of Spain Charles V gave up his throne in 1556.Divided his empire between his brother and his son, (Philip II).Philip II of Spain
23Spain under Philip II Spain reached its peak during his reign Cause: Gold and silver from their colonies in the Americas.
24Religion and RevoltPhilip II saw himself as leader of the Counter-Reformation.Married Queen Mary I of England who was also a CatholicShe died before having an heir to the thronePhilip and Mary I
25Philip II wanted to all the people in all of his territories Catholic. Clashed with Calvinist ProtestantismDuke of Alba- Court of Blood tortured and executed thousandsRevolt lasted for decadesTrue in 1609Independent nation of the Netherlands formed
27Spain and England Big rivalry between Spain and England Source?: Spain=Catholic & England = Protestant.English helped the Dutch in revolt against Spain.England attacked Spanish treasure ships coming from the Americas.
28Sir Francis Drake English Sea Dog Stole gold and silver from Spanish treasure ships for England.Destroyed 30 ships in a Spanish harbor.Made things difficult for the Spanish
30Spanish Armada (1588) 130 ships 20,000 soldiers and sailors Called invincible or unbeatable.Series of battle greatly damaged the Armada.English used fire ships and Spanish fled.Destroyed by storms on the return to Spain
31An Empire in Decline Reasons for decline Philip II had to make every decision.He used all the gold and silver coming out of Americas to fight wars.Borrowed money & went bankrupt four times.Did not develop industries.Spain gradually declined for the next 100 years.