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BRAIN SCAN  Brain scan is an interactive quiz for use as a revision/ learning reinforcement tool that accompanies the theory package.  To answer a question.

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Presentation on theme: "BRAIN SCAN  Brain scan is an interactive quiz for use as a revision/ learning reinforcement tool that accompanies the theory package.  To answer a question."— Presentation transcript:

1 BRAIN SCAN  Brain scan is an interactive quiz for use as a revision/ learning reinforcement tool that accompanies the theory package.  To answer a question click the mouse on the gold diamond shapes.  To return to the questions from an answer slide click anywhere.  To progress click on ‘next question’.

2 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Specific, progression, overload, reversing, tedium. 1. What is S.P.O.R.T short for? B. Specific, production, overload, reversibility, timing. C. Specific, production, overtraining, reversibility, tedium. D. Specificity, progression, overload,reversibility, tedium. NEXT QUESTION

3 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Freshness, intensity, time & type of training. 2. What is the principle of overload? B. Frequency, intensity, time & type of training. C. Frequency, intensity, time & tedium of training. D. Frequency, inconsistency, time & type of training. NEXT QUESTION

4 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. How hard we work during training. 3. What is a principle of training? B. A personal trainer. C. A programme to follow that allows us to train. D. A set of rules or guidelines to follow that will gain us a training effect. NEXT QUESTION

5 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Sprint pace. 4. What is does the word ‘fartlek’ mean? B. Speed play. C. Stamina fitness. D. Interval training. NEXT QUESTION

6 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Changes in pace, duration of pace & changes of terrain. 5. What are the characteristics of fartlek training? B. Changes in weather, speed and time. C. Changes in pace, footwear and environment. D. Changes in pace, duration of pace and running biomechanics NEXT QUESTION

7 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. To improve strength, agility & power. 6. Why would we use fartlek training? B. To improve energy system fluency. C. To improve both aerobic & anaerobic forms of fitness. D. To improve flexibility & muscular stamina. NEXT QUESTION

8 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Alternating periods of very hard exercise with rest periods in between. 7. What is a key characteristic of interval training? B. It involves using weights or resistance to train. C. A series of exercises performed in a set order. D. Running, jumping & hopping exercises. NEXT QUESTION

9 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Muscular stamina. 8. What does plyometric training improve ? B. Explosive strength & power. C. The aerobic system. D. Muscle size. NEXT QUESTION

10 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Jumping & flexibility training. 9. What type of movements are involved in plyometric training? B. Balance, endurance & sprint training. C. Skipping, rebounding, hopping & jumping actions. D. Running, side stepping & agility circuits. NEXT QUESTION

11 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Trains muscle energy,stamina & power, be used at any fitness level & overloads the muscle. 10. Why would we use weights to train? B. Trains muscle strength,stamina & power, be used at any fitness level & over trains the muscle. C. Trains muscle strength,stamina & power, be used at a high fitness level & overloads the muscle. D. Trains muscle strength,stamina & power, be used at any fitness level & overloads the muscle. NEXT QUESTION

12 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Be able to do the splits 11. What would be the main benefit from flexibility training? B. Looser joint capsules. C. Increased range of movement at a joint. D. Longer muscles. NEXT QUESTION

13 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. To get fit. 12. Why do we train? B. To improve fitness, avoid injury and improve performance. C. To cope with the demands of the environment. D. To prevent our muscles turning to fat. NEXT QUESTION

14 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Being able to go backwards when you train. 13. What is reversibility? B. Training when it becomes boring. C. Losing the benefits of training after periods of not training. D. Working a muscle group on both sides. NEXT QUESTION

15 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Training for a marathon. 14. What is specificity? B. Ways of training our muscles. C. The correct way to train. D. Training that is used specifically for your sport. NEXT QUESTION

16 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. It involves a long distance. 15. What is a disadvantage of continuous training? B. It can become boring. C. It is not good for old people. D. It costs a lot of money. NEXT QUESTION

17 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Personal normal flexibility. 16. What is PNF stretching? B. Power neuromuscular flexibility. C. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation. D. Proprioceptive neutral flexibility. NEXT QUESTION

18 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. It improves explosive strength. 17. What is an advantage of continuous training? B. It doesn’t cost anything. C. It makes us sweat. D. It uses lactic acid as its energy source. NEXT QUESTION

19 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. It can be used to train all parts of the body, all types of training and can be skill specific. 18. Why is circuit training a very versatile method of training? B. It trains all the muscles and makes them stronger and more supple. C. It’s easy to follow, easy on the body and inexpensive. D. It develops plyometric power and stamina. NEXT QUESTION

20 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Decentrically. 19. How are muscles worked during plyometric training? B. Concentrically. C. Eccentrically D. Isometrically. NEXT QUESTION

21 BRAIN SCAN TRAINING A. Stretching while moving. 20. What is passive stretching? B. Stretching at different times. C. Stretching in a certain held position. D. Stretching with a partner. END QUIZ EXAM QUESTIONS EXTENSION QUESTIONS

22 CORRECT!

23 INCORRECT!

24 EXTENSION QUESTIONS  Why do we train?  What is a principle of training?  Explain what specificity, progression, overload, reversibility & tedium are.  A disadvantage of continuous training is that it can be boring. Name 2 other disadvantages & 4 advantages of continuous training.  Overload is arguably the most important training principle, why might this be? ANSWERS

25 EXAM QUESTIONS 1.What is meant by interval training?(1 mark) 2.Indicate an exercise which an athlete could include in a circuit to strengthen the following muscle groups; upper arm, abdominals & leg.(3 marks) 3.There are several methods of training which may improve performance in physical activities. Name 1 method of training.(1 mark) 4.Explain each of the following terms; intensity of training, duration of training & frequency of training.(3 marks) 5.What factors would you take into consideration when deciding on a method of training.(4 marks) 6.Give 1 reason why people train.(1 mark) 7.Name 1 method of training.(1 mark) 8.What is meant by the term ‘steady state’.(2 marks) 9.Explain the meaning of ‘overload’.(3 marks) 10.Why should training be progressive?(2 marks) 11.Describe ‘Fartlek’ training.(3 marks) 12.The effects of training can be reversed. Explain why & how this can happen.(5 marks) 13.Give 3 principles of training.(3 marks) 14.Give 1 physical advantage of training.(1 mark) 15.Give 2 features of Fartlek training.(2 marks) 16.Give 2 physical activities for which interval training is suitable.(2 marks) 17.Name 1 physical activity which long slow distance training could be important.(1 mark) 18.What is the principle of overload & how can this principle be used in training?(4 marks) ANSWERS

26 EXTENSION ANSWERS  We train to improve fitness, skills & to avoid injury.  A set of rules or guidelines to follow in order to gain a training effect.  The principles of training are: Specificity - doing something that is particular to your sport or necessary to gain a particular training effect. Progression- continually moving what you do forward so that it gets harder or continues to challenge you. Overload- the process of putting stress on the body so that it can respond to training & adapt to that training stimulus. Reversibility - If you don’t maintain your fitness levels you lose the benefits that you gained. Tedium - training needs to be interesting to keep you motivated. If you always do the same thing we become bored.  Disadvantages are that it puts a lot of stress on the joints & it’s got limited uses. Advantages are that it’s cheap, doesn’t require expensive machinery or equipment & you can do it anywhere, anyone can do it.  If you don’t train often enough you gain no benefits, if you don’t train hard enough you gain benefit which is also the case for not putting enough time in or training in the right ways.

27 EXAM ANSWERS 1.Working for a short period of time maximally & resting between work periods. 2.Bicep curls, sit ups, squats. 3.Interval, fartlek, continuous, circuit, aerobic, weight, plyometric, flexibility, skill agility & quickness (SAQ). 4.How hard, how long & how often. 5.What are you training for, your age, current fitness, training thresholds & zones, maximum heart rate, what system is used most, skill level. 6.Improve fitness, avoid injury, improve skills, enjoyment, improve body shape & muscle tone. 7.Interval, fartlek, continuous, circuit, aerobic, weight, plyometric, flexibility, skill agility & quickness (SAQ). 8.Working at a level that doesn’t change. 9.Put the body under stress so it adapts to training by increasing frequency, intensity, time or type of training. 10.So that you continue to gain training effects rather than reach a plateau & not develop any more. 11.Continuous changing of pace, level & terrain over a set period of time. 12.If training stimulus is removed due to injury /break in training, any gains made will be lost due to a lack of stimulus. Muscles weaken, lose stamina & tone as they atrophy. 13.Specificity, progression, overload, reversibility, tedium. 14.Increase strength, speed, stamina, suppleness, muscle tone, body shape. 15.Change of speed, level, duration & terrain. 16.Running, swimming, cycling, football, hockey, rugby (any sport needing maximal effort over short periods of time) 17.Running, swimming, cycling. 18.Frequency, intensity, time & type of training - running harder, for longer, more often & in different ways.


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