Presentation on theme: "BRAIN SCAN Brain scan is an interactive quiz for use as a revision/ learning reinforcement tool that accompanies the theory package. To answer a question."— Presentation transcript:
1 BRAIN SCANBrain scan is an interactive quiz for use as a revision/ learning reinforcement tool that accompanies the theory package.To answer a question click the mouse on the gold diamond shapes.To return to the questions from an answer slide click anywhere.To progress click on ‘next question’.
2 BRAIN SCAN What is S.P.O.R.T short for? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONSpecific, progression, overload, reversing, tedium.Specific, production, overtraining, reversibility, tedium.Specificity, progression, overload,reversibility, tedium.Specific, production, overload, reversibility, timing.
3 BRAIN SCAN What is the principle of overload? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONFreshness, intensity, time & type of training.Frequency, intensity, time & tedium of training.Frequency, inconsistency, time & type of training.Frequency, intensity, time & type of training.
4 BRAIN SCAN What is a principle of training? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONHow hard we work during training.A programme to follow that allows us to train.A set of rules or guidelines to follow that will gain us a training effect.A personal trainer.
5 BRAIN SCAN What is does the word ‘fartlek’ mean? TRAINING Sprint pace. NEXT QUESTIONSprint pace.Stamina fitness.Interval training.Speed play.
6 BRAIN SCAN What are the characteristics of fartlek training? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONChanges in pace, duration of pace & changes of terrain.Changes in pace, footwear and environment.Changes in pace, duration of pace and running biomechanicsChanges in weather, speed and time.
7 BRAIN SCAN Why would we use fartlek training? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONWhy would we use fartlek training?To improve strength, agility & power.To improve both aerobic & anaerobic forms of fitness.To improve flexibility & muscular stamina.To improve energy system fluency.
8 BRAIN SCAN What is a key characteristic of interval training? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONAlternating periods of very hard exercise with rest periods in between.A series of exercises performed in a set order.It involves using weights or resistance to train.Running, jumping & hopping exercises.
9 BRAIN SCAN What does plyometric training improve ? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONMuscular stamina.The aerobic system.Explosive strength & power.Muscle size.
10 BRAIN SCAN What type of movements are involved in plyometric training? NEXT QUESTIONSkipping, rebounding, hopping & jumping actions.Jumping & flexibility training.Balance, endurance & sprint training.Running, side stepping & agility circuits.
11 BRAIN SCAN Why would we use weights to train? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONTrains muscle energy,stamina & power, be used at any fitness level & overloads the muscle.Trains muscle strength,stamina & power, be used at a high fitness level & overloads the muscle.Trains muscle strength,stamina & power, be used at any fitness level & over trains the muscle.Trains muscle strength,stamina & power, be used at any fitness level & overloads the muscle.
12 BRAIN SCAN What would be the main benefit from flexibility training? NEXT QUESTIONBe able to do the splitsIncreased range of movement at a joint.Looser joint capsules.Longer muscles.
13 BRAIN SCAN Why do we train? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONTo cope with the demands of the environment.To get fit.To improve fitness, avoid injury and improve performance.To prevent our muscles turning to fat.
14 BRAIN SCAN What is reversibility? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONLosing the benefits of training after periods of not training.Being able to go backwards when you train.Training when it becomes boring.Working a muscle group on both sides.
15 BRAIN SCAN What is specificity? TRAINING Training for a marathon. NEXT QUESTIONTraining for a marathon.The correct way to train.Training that is used specifically for your sport.Ways of training our muscles.
16 BRAIN SCAN What is a disadvantage of continuous training? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONIt involves a long distance.It is not good for old people.It costs a lot of money.It can become boring.
17 BRAIN SCAN What is PNF stretching? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONPersonal normal flexibility.Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.Proprioceptive neutral flexibility.Power neuromuscular flexibility.
18 BRAIN SCAN What is an advantage of continuous training? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONIt improves explosive strength.It makes us sweat.It uses lactic acid as its energy source.It doesn’t cost anything.
19 BRAIN SCANTRAININGWhy is circuit training a very versatile method of training?NEXT QUESTIONIt can be used to train all parts of the body, all types of training and can be skill specific.It’s easy to follow, easy on the body and inexpensive.It develops plyometric power and stamina.It trains all the muscles and makes them stronger and more supple.
20 BRAIN SCAN How are muscles worked during plyometric training? TRAINING NEXT QUESTIONDecentrically.EccentricallyIsometrically.Concentrically.
21 BRAIN SCAN What is passive stretching? TRAINING EXTENSION QUESTIONSEXAM QUESTIONSTRAININGWhat is passive stretching?END QUIZStretching while moving.Stretching in a certain held position.Stretching with a partner.Stretching at different times.
24 EXTENSION QUESTIONS Why do we train? What is a principle of training? Explain what specificity, progression, overload, reversibility & tedium are.A disadvantage of continuous training is that it can be boring. Name 2 other disadvantages & 4 advantages of continuous training.Overload is arguably the most important training principle, why might this be?ANSWERS
25 EXAM QUESTIONS What is meant by interval training? (1 mark) Indicate an exercise which an athlete could include in a circuit to strengthen the following muscle groups; upper arm, abdominals & leg (3 marks)There are several methods of training which may improve performance in physical activities. Name 1 method of training (1 mark)Explain each of the following terms; intensity of training, duration of training & frequency of training. (3 marks)What factors would you take into consideration when deciding on a method of training. (4 marks)Give 1 reason why people train (1 mark)Name 1 method of training (1 mark)What is meant by the term ‘steady state’. (2 marks)Explain the meaning of ‘overload’ (3 marks)Why should training be progressive? (2 marks)Describe ‘Fartlek’ training (3 marks)The effects of training can be reversed. Explain why & how this can happen. (5 marks)Give 3 principles of training (3 marks)Give 1 physical advantage of training. (1 mark)Give 2 features of Fartlek training (2 marks)Give 2 physical activities for which interval training is suitable. (2 marks)Name 1 physical activity which long slow distance training could be important. (1 mark)What is the principle of overload & how can this principle be used in training? (4 marks)ANSWERS
26 EXTENSION ANSWERSWe train to improve fitness, skills & to avoid injury.A set of rules or guidelines to follow in order to gain a training effect.The principles of training are: Specificity - doing something that is particular to your sport or necessary to gain a particular training effect. Progression- continually moving what you do forward so that it gets harder or continues to challenge you. Overload- the process of putting stress on the body so that it can respond to training & adapt to that training stimulus. Reversibility - If you don’t maintain your fitness levels you lose the benefits that you gained. Tedium - training needs to be interesting to keep you motivated. If you always do the same thing we become bored.Disadvantages are that it puts a lot of stress on the joints & it’s got limited uses. Advantages are that it’s cheap, doesn’t require expensive machinery or equipment & you can do it anywhere, anyone can do it.If you don’t train often enough you gain no benefits, if you don’t train hard enough you gain benefit which is also the case for not putting enough time in or training in the right ways.
27 EXAM ANSWERSWorking for a short period of time maximally & resting between work periods.Bicep curls, sit ups, squats.Interval, fartlek, continuous, circuit, aerobic, weight, plyometric, flexibility, skill agility & quickness (SAQ).How hard, how long & how often.What are you training for, your age, current fitness, training thresholds & zones, maximum heart rate, what system is used most, skill level.Improve fitness, avoid injury, improve skills, enjoyment, improve body shape & muscle tone.Working at a level that doesn’t change.Put the body under stress so it adapts to training by increasing frequency , intensity, time or type of training.So that you continue to gain training effects rather than reach a plateau & not develop any more.Continuous changing of pace, level & terrain over a set period of time.If training stimulus is removed due to injury /break in training, any gains made will be lost due to a lack of stimulus. Muscles weaken, lose stamina & tone as they atrophy.Specificity, progression, overload, reversibility, tedium.Increase strength, speed, stamina, suppleness, muscle tone, body shape.Change of speed, level, duration & terrain.Running, swimming, cycling, football, hockey, rugby (any sport needing maximal effort over short periods of time)Running, swimming, cycling.Frequency, intensity, time & type of training - running harder, for longer, more often & in different ways.