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Welcome to IHE Geography : Geography of Food Semester 2

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to IHE Geography : Geography of Food Semester 2"— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to IHE Geography : Geography of Food Semester 2
Teacher : Mrs Ruth ANN-LOH Office : Main Staffroom, Level 2 (Above GO) Tel : MSN : FB : Ruth ANN LOH

2 Geography of Food Introduction to food consumption, production and distribution 1. Housekeeping/syllabus 2. Types of farming system/agricultural economy 2.1 arable, pastoral, mixed farming 2.2 subsistence & commercial faming 2.3 sedentary and nomadic (migratory) 2.4 extensive and intensive farming 2.5 Case studies – MEDC and LEDC 3. World farming types and distribution

3 Farming is an industry and operates like other industries
Farming is an industry and operates like other industries. It is a system with: OUTPUTS: These are the products of the farm. If the farm is to make a profit the value of the outputs should be greater than that of the inputs. INPUTS: These are what go into a farm and can be divided into physical, human and economic inputs. PROCESSES: These are the activities on the farm which turn the inputs into outputs.

4 Farming system Inputs labour capital seeds animals fertilisers
pesticides Processes ploughing sowing spraying adding fertiliser harvesting grazing milking Outputs wheat potatoes barley seeds crop waste milk hides wool eggs You can also discuss other feedback loops such as the waste products/manure becoming inputs. profit

5 Geography of Food -IPO for short

6 The Farmer is very important and is the DECISION-MAKER.
Each individual farmers decision on what crops to grow or animals to rear, and which methods to use to maximise output, depends on an UNDERSTANDING of the most favourable physical and economic conditions for the farm. Sometimes, the farmer may have several choices and so the decision may depend upon individual likes and expertise. On other occasions the choice may be limited by extreme physical conditions or economic or political pressures.

7 Farming can be classified by Inputs, Processes or Outputs

8 Grows crops and rears animals
What are the different types of farming? Pastoral Arable Mixed Farming: Grows crops and rears animals Concentrates on rearing of animals. Only grows crops e.g. arable farms in East Anglia. Subsistence Commercial Producing food only to feed themselves and their families. In LEDC’s most farming is subsistence. Farmers grow crops and rear animals to sell in order to make a profit. In MEDC’s most farming is commercial.

9 Extensive Intensive Where the farm size is very large compared with either the amount of money spent on it or the number of people working there. Where the farm is small in size compared to the numbers working there or the amount of money spent on it, ie have high inputs of labour or capital (money) in order to achieve high outputs per hectare or yield. NOMADIC Nomadic farmers move around to find fresh pasture for animals or new plots of land to cultivate. SEDENTARY: Settlement is permanent and the landscape is farmed every year.

10 In a nutshell for IPO : Recap : What does IPO stand for?

11 Classification by INPUT
INTENSIVE farming – high levels of input producing a high yield per hectare. Examples include, arable farming in East Anglia, England and rice farming in South East Asia. EXTENSIVE farming – low levels of input producing a low yield per hectare. Example, sheep farming in North Wales

12 Classification by PROCESSES Arable vs. Pastoral
Growing and harvesting of crops Pastoral Specialise in rearing of animals Mixed Both pastoral and arable farming

13 Classification by OUTPUT
SUBSISTENCE farming Produce is consumed by the farmer, any surplus is usually sold to buy other goods COMMERCIAL farming The majority of produce is sold to make financial profit

14 What effects the distribution of farming ?
The main factors affecting the distribution of farming are: Climate Relief (shape of the land) Soil type Accessibility to the market and labour supply


Where is it ? What are the inputs, outputs, processes ? (systems diagram) How has it changed ?

Don’t forget to include KEYWORDS !! Include simple FACTS !! Ask yourself these questions; 1. Where is it ? 2. What are the inputs, outputs, processes ? (systems diagram) 3. How has it changed ? Remember to describe its LOCATION. Summarise- You can’t learn it all

18 MEDC : United Kingdom (Detailed) - The different types of farming system

19 FARMING IN THE UK Market Gardening involves intensive farming of high value fruit and salad vegetables in greenhouses

20 FARMING IN THE UK Sheep and beef cattle are reared for wool and meat, mainly in upland areas

21 FARMING IN THE UK Dairy Farming is the rearing of cows for milk, usually in flatter areas - good grass so lush pastures

22 FARMING IN THE UK Arable Farming in the UK is mainly cereal crops, but also vegetables and animal feeds

23 South Penquite Farm – a case study

24 South Penquite Farm South Penquite is a 80 hectare working hill farm situated high on Bodmin Moor in Cornwall. The farm has a flock of 400 ewes and a herd of 60 cows as well as many horses, ponies, goats, donkeys and chickens.

25 South Penquite Farm

26 South Penquite Farm The farm has achieved organic status under the guidance of the Soil Association. It takes two years to convert the land over which time they have not used any pesticides or nitrogen fertilizers. South Penquite started the conversion to becoming an organic farm in May 1999 and from June 2001 they have been able to offer organic beef and lamb.

27 South Penquite Farm The farm has diversified.
They offer a range of countryside holidays which include camping and horse riding. For the camping they have a limited number of pitches to minimize the impact on the environment. They also have facilities for field studies and opportunities for educational groups to learn about local environment. Riding Holidays Camping Field Studies Diversification is discussed in ‘changes in farming’ presentation. South Penquite Farm welcomes interest from primary and secondary schools and make no charge for day visits to the farm from schools.

28 Wrap up on IPO :

29 World : Agriculture


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