Presentation on theme: "Welcome to IHE Geography : Geography of Food Semester 2"— Presentation transcript:
1Welcome to IHE Geography : Geography of Food Semester 2 Teacher : Mrs Ruth ANN-LOHOffice : Main Staffroom, Level 2 (Above GO)Tel :MSN :FB : Ruth ANN LOH
2Geography of FoodIntroduction to food consumption, production and distribution1. Housekeeping/syllabus2. Types of farming system/agricultural economy2.1 arable, pastoral, mixed farming2.2 subsistence & commercial faming2.3 sedentary and nomadic (migratory)2.4 extensive and intensive farming2.5 Case studies – MEDC and LEDC3. World farming types and distribution
3Farming is an industry and operates like other industries Farming is an industry and operates like other industries. It is a system with:OUTPUTS: These are the products of the farm. If the farm is to make a profit the value of the outputs should be greater than that of the inputs.INPUTS:These are what go into a farm and can be divided into physical, human and economic inputs.PROCESSES: These are the activities on the farm which turn the inputs into outputs.
4Farming system Inputs labour capital seeds animals fertilisers pesticidesProcessesploughingsowingsprayingadding fertiliserharvestinggrazingmilkingOutputswheatpotatoesbarleyseedscrop wastemilkhideswooleggsYou can also discuss other feedback loops such as the waste products/manure becoming inputs.profit
6The Farmer is very important and is the DECISION-MAKER. Each individual farmers decision on what crops to grow or animals to rear, and which methods to use to maximise output, depends on an UNDERSTANDING of the most favourable physical and economic conditions for the farm.Sometimes, the farmer may have several choices and so the decision may depend upon individual likes and expertise. On other occasions the choice may be limited by extreme physical conditions or economic or political pressures.
7Farming can be classified by Inputs, Processes or Outputs INTENSIVE or EXTENSIVEARABLE, PASTORALor MIXEDSUBSISTENCE orCOMMERCIAL
8Grows crops and rears animals What are the different types of farming?PastoralArableMixed Farming:Grows crops and rears animalsConcentrates on rearing of animals.Only grows crops e.g. arable farms in East Anglia.SubsistenceCommercialProducing food only to feed themselves and their families. In LEDC’s most farming is subsistence.Farmers grow crops and rear animals to sell in order to make a profit. In MEDC’s most farming is commercial.
9ExtensiveIntensiveWhere the farm size is very large compared with either the amount of money spent on it or the number of people working there.Where the farm is small in size compared to the numbers working there or the amount of money spent on it, ie have high inputs of labour or capital (money) in order to achieve high outputs per hectare or yield.NOMADICNomadic farmers move around to find fresh pasture for animals or new plots of land to cultivate.SEDENTARY: Settlement is permanent and the landscape is farmed every year.
10In a nutshell for IPO : Recap : What does IPO stand for?
11Classification by INPUT INTENSIVE farming – high levels of input producing a high yield per hectare.Examples include, arable farming in East Anglia, England and rice farming in South East Asia.EXTENSIVE farming – low levels of input producing a low yield per hectare.Example, sheep farming in North Wales
12Classification by PROCESSES Arable vs. Pastoral Growing and harvesting of cropsPastoralSpecialise in rearing of animalsMixedBoth pastoral and arable farming
13Classification by OUTPUT SUBSISTENCE farmingProduce is consumed by the farmer, any surplus is usually sold to buy other goodsCOMMERCIAL farmingThe majority of produce is sold to make financial profit
14What effects the distribution of farming ? The main factors affecting the distribution of farming are:ClimateRelief (shape of the land)Soil typeAccessibility to the market and labour supply
15CASE STUDY : PRIMARY INDUSTRY IN UK (MEDC) VINE HOUSE FARM, LINCOLNSHIRE.
16CASE STUDY : VINE HOUSE FARM, EAST ANGLIA (LEDC) (an arable farm) Where is it ?What are the inputs, outputs, processes ? (systems diagram)How has it changed ?
17CASE STUDY : VINE HOUSE FARM, EAST ANGLIA (an arable farm) Don’t forget to includeKEYWORDS !!Include simpleFACTS !!Ask yourself these questions;1. Where is it ?2. What are the inputs, outputs, processes ? (systems diagram)3. How has it changed ?Remember todescribe itsLOCATION.Summarise-You can’tlearn it all
18MEDC : United Kingdom (Detailed) - The different types of farming system
19FARMING IN THE UKMarket Gardeninginvolves intensivefarming of highvalue fruit andsalad vegetablesin greenhouses
20FARMING IN THE UKSheep and beefcattle are rearedfor wool andmeat, mainly inupland areas
21FARMING IN THE UKDairy Farmingis the rearing ofcows for milk,usually in flatterareas - good grassso lush pastures
22FARMING IN THE UKArable Farming inthe UK is mainlycereal crops, butalso vegetablesand animal feeds
24South Penquite FarmSouth Penquite is a 80 hectare working hill farm situated high on Bodmin Moor in Cornwall.The farm has a flock of 400 ewes and a herd of 60 cows as well as many horses, ponies, goats, donkeys and chickens.
26South Penquite FarmThe farm has achieved organic status under the guidance of the Soil Association.It takes two years to convert the land over which time they have not used any pesticides or nitrogen fertilizers.South Penquite started the conversion to becoming an organic farm in May 1999 and from June 2001 they have been able to offer organic beef and lamb.
27South Penquite Farm The farm has diversified. They offer a range of countryside holidays which include camping and horse riding. For the camping they have a limited number of pitches to minimize the impact on the environment. They also have facilities for field studies and opportunities for educational groups to learn about local environment.Riding HolidaysCampingField StudiesDiversification is discussed in ‘changes in farming’ presentation.South Penquite Farm welcomes interest from primary and secondary schools and make no charge for day visits to the farm from schools.