Presentation on theme: " Written language developed as hunter- gatherers developed more permanent agrarian societies. Agrarian - Agrarian is defined as an agricultural society."— Presentation transcript:
Written language developed as hunter- gatherers developed more permanent agrarian societies. Agrarian - Agrarian is defined as an agricultural society or farming communities.
In it’s earliest forms writing was developed as a way to keep a permanent record of land, grain, and cattle. The earliest known written language is known as cuneiform. It is an elaborate system of symbols that were created using a stylus made of reed that was pressed into soft clay tablets and then allowed to harden. This writing system was developed in Sumer some 5,000 years ago.
The picture to the left is a sample of cuneiform writing. This writing system became more developed and eventually was used for recording historical and political events. It was also used as a means to record legends such as the story of Gilgamesh, the oldest written story in the world.
The Technology of Writing Rapidly Evolved What was once used primarily as a means for accounting exploded into a way to: Inform Record Express political, social, cultural, historical and private thoughts
Developed in Egypt at the end of the 4 th Millennium B.C. Referred to as a “one sign – one sound” system of writing and is regarded as the 1 st alphabet.
China is Also One of the Earliest Civilizations to Create a Written Language Unique to China, theirs is the only writing system that has not been replaced over the years. Instead their system has evolved as a working script from 1600 B.C to today.
1. What is an agrarian society? What is an agrarian society? a. A society where people often move around b. Agricultural society or farming community c. Hunters and Gatherers d. A society centered around learning Please complete the review exercise. If you have trouble with a question simply double click the question and it will bring you to the slide where you can find the correct answer.
2.Why was writing first developed?Why was writing first developed? a. To share stories b. To keep a record of birth c. To keep a count of land, grain and cattle d. To make laws 3.What is the first known written language?What is the first known written language? a. Phoenician b. Cuneiform c. Hieroglyphics d. Semitic
4.What people developed cuneiform?What people developed cuneiform? a. Chinese b. Egyptians c. Mayans d. Sumerians 5.What is the oldest written story in the world?What is the oldest written story in the world? a. The Iliad b. The Odyssey c. Gilgamesh d. Ali Baba
6.Who developed Hieroglyphics?Who developed Hieroglyphics? a. The Incas b. The Sumerians c. The Egyptians d. The Japanese 7.What does the Sumerian word “sang” mean?What does the Sumerian word “sang” mean? a. Singer b. Accountant c. Herdsman d. Scribe
8.The discovery of what stone enabled scholars to decipher the meaning of some of the hieroglyphics?The discovery of what stone enabled scholars to decipher the meaning of some of the hieroglyphics? a. The Rock of Gibraltar b. The Sword in the Stone c. The Stalagmite d. The Rosetta Stone 9.What ancient civilizations written language is still in use today?What ancient civilizations written language is still in use today? a. China b. Egypt c. Mayan d. Sumerian
10.What are some other uses for writing besides accounting?What are some other uses for writing besides accounting? a. Inform b. Record c. Expression d. All of the above
Picture of Cuneiform, http://ete.usf.edu/clipart/19200/19279/cuneiformhttp://ete.usf.edu/clipart/19200/19279/cuneiform http://www.pbs.org/opd/histroydetectives/investigations/304_word.html http://www.pbs.org/opd/histroydetectives/investigations/304_word.html Picture of Hieroglyphics, http://www.jillstanek.com/archives/hieroglyphics.jpghttp://www.jillstanek.com/archives/hieroglyphics.jpg Picture of Chinese writing, http://www.ancientscripts.com/chinese.htmlhttp://www.ancientscripts.com/chinese.html Information on the audio file was taken from, http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab33 http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab33