Presentation on theme: "Presentation made by : student Diana Sarkisova 6 "G" class 6 "G" class Teacher: Mikhalina Z. A."— Presentation transcript:
Presentation made by : student Diana Sarkisova 6 "G" class 6 "G" class Teacher: Mikhalina Z. A.
The Olympic games is the largest comprehensive international sports competitions, which are held every four years. The tradition of the Olympic games, which existed in Ancient Greece, originated as part of a religious cult. Games were held from 776 B.C. in 394 ad (a total of 293 Olympic games in Olympia, considered among the Greeks sacred place. From Olympia occurred and the name of the Game. Winners of competitions are revered as heroes in the war. The first documented celebration refers to 776 BC. At the time the games were declared sacred truce, at that time it was impossible to wage war, although it has been repeatedly violated. After Christianity became the official religion, the games were seen as a manifestation of paganism, and in 394 A.D. they were forbidden by the Emperor Theodosius I. The Olympic idea and after the ban antique competition is not gone for good. For example, in England during the XVII century have been conducted on the "Olympic" competitions and contests. Olympic games
The modern Olympic games were revived in the late nineteenth century French public figure Pierre de Coubertin. Olympic games, also known as the summer Olympic games, held every four years, since 1896, except years, prishedshih to world war II. In 1924 were established winter Olympic games. According to Coubertin, it is weak physical condition of French soldiers was one of the reasons for the defeat of the French in the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-1871. He wanted to change the situation by improving physical culture of the French. At the same time, he wanted to overcome national selfishness and make contribution to the struggle for peace and international understanding. "The youth of the world" had to wrestle in sports, not on the battlefield. The revival of the Olympic games seemed in his eyes the best solution to achieve both goals. The revival of the Olympic games.
The Olympic movement has its own emblem and flag, as approved by the IOC on the proposal Coubertin in 1913. Emblem - Olympic rings. Motto - Citius, Altius, Fortius (Latin for "faster, higher, stronger"). Flag - white cloth with the Olympic rings, rises on all Games, starting from the VII Olympic games 1920 in Antwerp (Belgium), which also was the first to be given the Olympic oath. Parade of the national teams under the flags at the opening of the Games is starting IV Olympic games in 1908 in London (UK). With the Olympics 1936 in Berlin (Germany) is the Olympic torch relay. Olympic mascots first appeared on the summer and winter Games of 1968 informally, as approved with the Olympics in 1972. The Symbolism Of The Olympic Games
Britain took the Olympic games three times, in 1908, 1948 and 2012. The game was held in the capital of great Britain London. During performance at the Olympic games UK won 715 medals at the summer Olympic games and 22 medals at the winter Olympics. The UK is the only team that won at least one gold medal each summer Olympics.
Games of the IV Olympiad, often called the summer Olympic games in 1908 held in London from 27 April to 31 October. Been played 110 sets of medals in 22 sports. In these Games, participated 2008 athletes, more than in all the Games together. They were 22 teams. The official opening ceremony of the Games took place on the stadium of the white city on July 13. The ceremony was visited by many notable people from all over the UK and rest of Europe. 15:49 stadium arrived king Edward VII and his wife Alexandra. After that fanfares sounded and William Grenfell asked the king, "will Announce his Majesty IV Olympics open?", the monarch said, "I declare the Olympic games of London open". The summer Olympic games of 1908
Interesting struggle was a typical winter sports included in the program of the summer Olympics - figure skating on skates. Here athlete from Russia had won the first Olympic gold medal. It managed to make Nikolai Kolomenkin. It sports an alias that are written in gold in the Olympic history. Panin. Panin-Kolomenkin Russian sportsman skated great. The judges unanimously put it in first place, giving him total 219 points 240 possible, that is to 91.8%. Such a high result was not achieved then no. In the official report IV Olympic games, said: "Panin (Russia) was far ahead of his rivals in the difficulties of its figures, and in the beauty and ease their implementation. He carved on ice series the most perfect pictures with almost mathematical precision." Interesting struggle was a typical winter sports included in the program of the summer Olympics - figure skating on skates. Here athlete from Russia had won the first Olympic gold medal. It managed to make Nikolai Kolomenkin. It sports an alias that are written in gold in the Olympic history. Panin. Panin-Kolomenkin Russian sportsman skated great. The judges unanimously put it in first place, giving him total 219 points 240 possible, that is to 91.8%. Such a high result was not achieved then no. In the official report IV Olympic games, said: "Panin (Russia) was far ahead of his rivals in the difficulties of its figures, and in the beauty and ease their implementation. He carved on ice series the most perfect pictures with almost mathematical precision."
Team UK showed in this Olympics, his best result. 56 gold medals, 51 silver and 39 bronze. Just 146 medals. In addition, were awarded 12 cups to the winners of the individual disciplines, Henry Taylor for victory in swimming at 1500 m; the U.K team water Polo, who won the tournament; the French team became the best in the team competition with swords; Charles Bartlett for the victory in the 100-kilometer race bike; Walter Ivingo, the winner in clay pigeon shooting; John Hayes, who ran the marathon with a new Olympic record; Alberto Brela, champion in individual championship in artistic gymnastics; Martin Sheridan, who defended his title in the discus throw and Richard Weiss, fighter heavyweight Greco-Roman style, who beat all in his weight category. Cups best crew eights in rowing, the best football team and the best team in sailing.
XIV Olympic games were held in London in the UK. This is the first Olympic games after a 12 year break, caused by world war II. The previous games were held in Berlin; in 1940 were cancelled Games in Helsinki, and in 1944 Games in London. Olympic games 1948 became known as "Severe Games". Austerity Games), because it was held in Spartan conditions in the atmosphere of post-war devastation and during the restoration of the destroyed world war of national economies. For the Olympics was not built any new structures, so athletes competed in the conditions maximally close to the Spartan. Summer Olympic games 1948
The opening ceremony of the games took place on 29 July, and started at 14:00 local time. At the stadium "Wembley" was attended by more than 85 thousand spectators. At 14:45 in the stadium appeared king George VI and his wife Queen Elizabeth,. The king in his speech stated: The hour has struck. A visionary dream has today become a glorious reality. At the end of the worldwide struggle in 1945, many institutions and associations were found to have withered and only the strongest had survived. How, many wondered, had the great Olympic Movement prospered?
The best female athlete of the XIV Olympiad was recognized Netherland athlete Fanny Blankers-Koen, who won four gold medals. She won all the running of the programme. "Damn it! She really flies, not running, " cried one of the judges who watched the final race of 100 meters in London. Francina Elsje (Fanny) Blankers-Koen
Blankers-Koen was a unique phenomenon in athletics. Four times she won the title of champion of Europe in the sprint and the hurdles, many times was set world records not only in the running of the program, but in the long jump and high. For sports feats blankers-Koen, was erected a statue in her honor in her native Amsterdam.
Three medals received in London by French pianist Micheline ostermeyer: in the discus and shot put gold in the high jump bronze. In football, a celebrated success Sweden, led drums trio GRE-no-Li part Gunnar Gren, Gunnar nordalya and Nils of lidholm.
Decathlon won 17-year-old American Robert "Bob" Mathias, who became the youngest Olympic champion.
Summer Olympic games 2012 - thirtieth of the summer Olympic games held in London, capital of Britain, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. London was the first city, which hosted the games for the third time. The mascots of the games - Wenlock and Mandeville. Summer Olympic games 2012
The opening ceremony took place on 27 July on the new, specially built for the games, 80-seat Olympic stadium and was called "Island of miracles". The Director of the ceremony is Oscar Danny Boyle. The game was opened by Queen Elizabeth II.
The Olympic flame traveled from mount Olympus to London, beating the entire world and even the cosmos, but now it had to be delivered to the arena. It took the former England captain David Beckham who has brought him on a boat on the Thames. Torch David gave Steven Redgrave, the renowned British gribetu, the owner of gold medals at five consecutive Olympic games.
Team UK has set 4 world records in Cycling. The best athlete Sir Christopher Andrew "Chris" Hoi an outstanding Scottish professional track cyclist, the sixfold Olympic champion, the 11-fold world champion, the double champion of the Commonwealth Games. Member of the Order of the British Empire, knight bachelor. The owner of the largest number of Olympic gold medals in the history of Cycling and in British history.
Sergey Kirdyapkin, Russia has won the race walking on 50 kilometers, setting an Olympic record. Arsen Galstyan, Russia - became the Olympic champion in judo, won a clear victory over the Japanese.
Yuri Postrigay and Alexander Dyachenko, Russia - became Olympic Champions in kayaking pair. Roman Vlasov, Russia - became the Olympic champion in Greco-Roman wrestling, winning in the finals of the sportsman from Armenia.