Oxygen/ Acetylene Cutting & Safety By Keith Dover
Objectives for the Lesson Students will be able to identify terms associated with oxygen/acetylene cutting. Students will be able to label and identify parts of a cutting torch. Students will be able to list 5 safety procedures. Students will be able to identify 5 personal protective equipment pieces.
E-moment Take out a piece of paper and answer the following questions. You will have 3 minutes. What do you know about oxygen- acetylene cutting and safety? What do you think you know about oxygen-acetylene cutting and safety? What don’t you know yet about oxygen- acetylene cutting and safety?
Pre-Test Turn to a partner and identify the following: A. B.
Defintions Oxygen- (non-flammable gas) Is not a fuel: it is what chemically combines with the fuel to the heat for cutting. This is called “oxidation”. It’s shipped in high pressure cylinders at pressures around 3000 lbf/in2 Acetylene-(flammable gas) is the primary fuel for oxy-acetylene cutting. Acetylene is shipped in special cylinders designed to keep the gas dissolved. The cylinders are packed with porous material diatomaceous, then filled to 50% capacity with acetone.
Oxygen/Acetylene Cutting Safety Tips Keep an approved fire extinguisher of the proper size and type in the work area. Inspect it regularly to ensure that it is in proper working order. Know how to use the fire extinguisher. Never cut on a container that has had toxic, combustible, or flammable liquids in it. Never perform cutting operations in an area containing combustible vapors, flammable liquids, or explosive dust. Keep cutting apparatus clean and free from all grease, oil, and other flammable substances. Always keep work area well ventilated.
Oxygen/ Acetylene cutting torches can be used to cut, pierce and gouge mild steel.
Oxygen/Acetylene Cutting Oxygen/Acetylene cutting operations use fire or combustion as a basic tool. The process is very useful when properly controlled. However, it can be extremely destructive if not performed correctly in the proper environment.
Oxygen/Fuel Cutting Gas flames produce infrared radiation which may have a harmful effect on the skin and especially on the eyes.
Oxygen/Acetylene Cutting Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)! Select goggles or a mask with tempered lenses shaded 5 or darker to protect your eyes from injury and provide good visibility of the work. Wear flame resistant clothing, protective gloves, sleeves, aprons and safety shoes to protect skin and clothing from sparks and slag. Keep collars, sleeves and pockets buttoned. DO NOT roll up sleeves or cuff pants.
Oxygen/Acetylene Cutting Good housekeeping practices improve the safety of any work area. They are essential to the safety of welding and cutting operations due to the potential hazards involved.
Oxygen/Acetylene Cutting Warning! Never allow oxygen to contact grease, oil, or other flammable substances. Although oxygen by itself will not burn, these substances become highly explosive. They can ignite and burn violently in the presence of oxygen.
Oxygen/Acetylene Cutting Ventilate welding and cutting work areas adequately. Maintain sufficient air flow to prevent accumulation of explosive or toxic concentrations of gases. Welding or cutting operations using certain combinations of metals, coatings, and gases generate toxic fumes. Use respiratory protection equipment in these circumstances.
Oxygen and Acetylene Cylinders Stored Improperly Under Stairwell
Oxygen/ Acetylene Cutting Torch Stored on Unsafe Cart
Oxygen/ Acetylene Cutting Torch Stored in Flammable Liquids Cabinet
In Conclusion 1.This process can KILL you and others. Be sure to follow all safety rules. 2.Be sure to completely shut down the cutting torch when the job is completed. 3.Keep all oils and grease away from the regulators. When oxygen is compressed with a petrochemical, it becomes highly reactive and can explode. Imagine a 500lb bomb exploding in front of you. Will there be any pieces to pick up?
Post-Test Raise your hand if you think you know what these represent: A. B. Portable cutting rigGauges
C. Acetylene D. Oxygen regulatorregulator E. F. Hoses Green= Oxygen Red= AcetyleneSpark Lighter
G.Cutting Torch H. Cutting Tip I. Welding Tip J. Heating Tip
K.Flashback L. Reverse Flow Arrestors Check Valves