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Oxy Fuel Cutting Systems Basic Setup & Use

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Presentation on theme: "Oxy Fuel Cutting Systems Basic Setup & Use"— Presentation transcript:

1 Oxy Fuel Cutting Systems Basic Setup & Use

2 Typical Torch System Oxygen Cylinder Acetylene Cylinder
Method of Securing the cylinders Caps Regulators Backflash arrestors Hoses Torch Body Torch Head Torch Tip Clothing and Eye/Face Protection

3 Oxygen Cylinders Oxygen is very pure - 99%
Pressure is about 2200 psi at 700 F Forged from a single piece of steel - no welding Minimum of 1/4” thickness Stored away from combustibles

4 Oxygen cylinder sizes:

5 Acetylene Cylinders Acetone - absorbs acetylene under pressure
Temperature has an extreme affect on pressure Protected valve or cylinder cap Stored away from oxygen and combustibles

6 Oxygen Cylinder Valve Brass Construction
Double back seat - NEVER LEAVE HALF OPEN Pop off valve - (fragile disk) Right hand Thread

7 Acetylene Cylinder Valve
Brass Construction Packed valve - OPEN 1/2 TO 3/4 TURN Hand wheel or tank wrench - NEVER REMOVE WRENCH during use RH (Male) or LH (Female) Thread

8 Manifold Systems Increased Efficiency more stations no downtime

9 Parts: Cylinders Hoses - Brass or braided Check valves or hand valves
Flashback Arrestors - OSHA Regulators Main valves

10 Regulators Each regulator has two gauges mounted on a single manifold, one indicates cylinder pressure and the other indicates working pressure for the torch

11 Pressure Regulating Valves
Each regulator has an adjusting screw so pressure to the torch can be quickly controlled by turning the screw righty-tighty increases pressure, left-loosey decreases pressure

12 Protector Cap Protects valve from being knocked off
Must be in place when Regulators are off

13 Backflash Arrestor Torch / Manifold Regulator / torch

14 Hoses Acetylene = Red Oxygen = Green
Notch around nut means LH thread Oxygen = Green RH Thread New Hoses have talc inside - Blow out before connecting to torch

15 Needle valves Preheat / Cutting hole pressures

16 Torch Body Torch body is the part of the torch that is held, it contains two needle valves to control flow of gas single stage / dual stage

17 Cutting Head Welding head contains mixer, mixing throat, and the welding tip

18 Cutting Tips 1 or 2 piece Rosebud FOR HEATING

19 Acetylene safety Precautions
Never call acetylene “gas” Extremely explosive with air or oxygen Leave wrench on tank

20 Oxygen Safety Precautions
Never call oxygen “Air” Never allow oxygen to come in contact with oil, grease, or other petroleum bases Never use oxygen for compressed air Never move cylinders without caps Always secure cylinders

21 Setup Procedures for Oxy-Acetylene Systems
Do not move cylinders without valve protection Secure cylinders Inspect threads “Crack” Oxygen Valve Attach regulators and tighten Blow talc from new hoses Attach Flashback arrestors, check valves, hoses, check valves, torch body, torch head, and tip Properly pressurize torch and check for leaks

22 Procedures for Lighting Oxy-Acetylene Systems
SCREW ADJUSTING SCREW OUT Stand to the side of the adjusting screw Open tanks one at a time (Oxygen wide, Acetylene 1/2 turn) Adjust regulators Bleed lines one at a time Fine adjustments made while bleeding the hoses Open the acetylene needle valve and light torch Open high pressure oxygen needle valve wide Adjust to a neutral flame

23 Shut Down Procedure for Oxy-Acetylene Systems
Turn off acetylene needle valve Turn off preheat oxygen needle valve Turn off tanks Bleed lines one at a time TURN ADJUSTING SCREWS OUT Turn off all needle valves

24 Starting or restarting a cut
Heat the starting point Resume Cutting Move the oxygen hole off the edge of the plate and start the oxygen stream

25 Offhand Cutting Techniques
Rolling your hands “Pre-load” your wrist and forearm Roll, don’t slide for a smoother cut Sliding the torch through your fingers Apply pressure to torch tubes with thumb and index finger Keep other three fingers in fist Don’t move the torch body hand during stops and starts.

26 Beveling Angles Slide the torch through your fingers toward you.
Only move the hand nearest the flame when continuing the cut. Keep your other three fingers in your fist. This will keep your hands cooler and allow you to make a better cut.

27 Terms and Definitions Penetration: Distance from the original surface of the base metal to that depth at which fusion stops. Base Metal: Metal to be welded Fusion Welding: process that joins metals by heating them to a melting point and allowing them to fuse or flow together.

28 Backfire: A short pop of the torch flame followed by extinguishing of the flame or continued burning of the gases. Preheating: Heating prior to a welding or cutting operation Flashback: when the torch flame moves into or beyond the mixing chamber. Tack Weld: A short weld used to hold workpieces together

29 Safety Watch where you cut
Don’t blow molten metal toward another person Don’t melt the hoses Don’t drop metal on hoses Don’t let hoses lay on hot metal Release adjusting screw on regulators before opening valves

30 Stand on the opposite side of the regulator when opening a valve
Open cylinder valve slowly, oxygen first all the way open and acetylene just a quarter of a turn Do not use or compress acetylene at pressure higher than 15 psi. Light acetylene first, shut it off first Never use oil on regulators or any equipment

31 Do not use oxygen as a substitute for compressed air
Keep heat, flames and sparks away from combustibles. Keep hoses out of sparks or spatter to prevent leaks Never use Leather Gloves to pick up metal; use pliers Wear welding goggles or a face shield with a lens no. 4-6. Never wear synthetic clothing; wear cotton.


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