Presentation on theme: "Getting Started with the CA ELD Standards"— Presentation transcript:
1Getting Started with the CA ELD Standards Slide Bank**These slides may be used as graphic representations of some concepts presented in the module and may be modified as needed(see Facilitator’s Guide for more information).Content provided by theCalifornia Comprehensive Center at WestEd
2Some of the Big Pedagogical Shifts of the CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy Spycher & Linquanti, WestEd. 10/9/13Some of the Big Pedagogical Shifts of the CA CCSS for ELA/LiteracyClose readings of complex informational and literary textsTaking a stand and supporting it with evidenceEngaging in collaborative conversations about intellectually rich contentUsing academic language and developing language awarenessValuing multilingualism and cultural diversityAcross the disciplinesThe CA Common Core State Standards set high expectation for students, including ELs, to use English in advanced ways - across the disciplines. These expectations represent significant shifts from previous standards, and they necessitated key shifts in the CA ELD Standards.
3the CCSS for ELA/Literacy. Spycher & Linquanti, WestEd. 10/9/13The CA ELD StandardsAMPLIFYthe CCSS for ELA/Literacy.The CA ELD Standards were designed to amplify those language skills, abilities, and understandings that are crucial for successful engagement in school.In this way, the CA ELD Standards are nested within the CCSS for ELA/Literacy.They focus on using English purposefully. They focus on interacting in meaningful ways through three communicative processes – collaborative, interpretive, and productive.And they focus on the language resources students need in order to interact meaningfully and use English purposefully. This includes structuring cohesive texts, expanding and enriching ideas, and connecting and condensing ideas.Spycher, WestEd (2013)
4Key Shifts: 1999 to 2012 CA ELD Standards When you look at the 2012 CA ELD Standards, there are some noticeable shifts from previous ELD Standards.One shift features an expanded notion of language. In this expanded view, language is seen as a resource for making meaning with different language choices available depending on who we’re communicating with, what we’re trying to get done with language, and the mode of our communication.Language development is seen as non-linear, dynamic, and spiraling.These shifts have some important instructional implications, as well as implications for the way we observe and assess our students’ language development.CA ELD Standards, Appendix B, CDE
5CA ELD Standards: Elements Overview & Proficiency Level Descriptors (PLDs):Correspondences to the CA CCSS for ELA/LiteracyCA’s EL StudentsProficiency Level Descriptors (PLDs)Structure of the grade level standardsGrade Level ELD Standards:Section 1: Goal, Critical Principles, At-a-glance OverviewSection 2: Elaboration on Critical PrinciplesPart I: Interacting in Meaningful WaysPart II: Learning About How English WorksPart III: Using Foundational Literacy SkillsSoon, the appendices will be chapters in a published volume of the CA ELD Standards.Appendices:Appendix A: Foundational Literacy SkillsAppendix B: Learning About How English WorksAppendix C: Theory and ResearchAppendix D: Context, Development, ValidationGlossary of Key Terms
6Three English Language Proficiency Levels Native LanguageEmergingExpandingBridgingLifelong Language LearningLifelong Language Learning:Students who reach proficiency in English must continue to build breadth, depth, and complexity in comprehending and communicating in English in a wide variety of contexts.Native Language:Students come to school with a wide range of home language resources to be tapped.One of the key differences you’ll find in the CA ELD Standards is that there are three proficiency levels. Another is the recognition of the primary language resources students bring to school: their Native Language. All ELs come to school with language resources, and these primary language resources are viewed in the CA ELD Standards as valuable in their own right and as useful for learning English.
7The CA ELD Standards: Structure Spycher & Linquanti, WestEd. 10/9/13The CA ELD Standards: StructureSection 1:2-page “Goals, Critical Principles, and “At a Glance” overviewSection 2:Grade level standards by proficiency levels
8Section 1: Goals, Critical Principles, and “At-a-Glance” Overview Goal we have for our EL students in CACritical Principles for carrying out the goalCorrespondences to the CA CCSS for ELA/LiteracyTaking a closer look at section 1, you’ll find that at the very top, there are some statements that articulate the goals we have for all ELs. This is followed by Critical Principles for Developing Language and Cognition in Academic Contexts. These critical principles are then put into actions via interacting in meaningful ways and learning about how English works. These actions are the colorful parts you see here. In the right hand column.
9Part I: Interacting in Meaningful Ways Section 2: Grade Level ELD Standards by Proficiency LevelsPart I: Interacting in Meaningful WaysPart III: Foundational Literacy SkillsTaking a closer look at section 2, you’ll find the same two parts you saw in section 1 – interacting in meangingful ways or Part I, and learning about how English works, or part 2. Part III of the ELD standards aren’t standards. but rather, this part signals to teachers that there are some tings about learning foundational skills in an additional language that teachers need to consider.Part II: Learning About How English Works
10ELD Standards: The Left Hand Column Signals that language development occurs in the context of using a variety of texts and engaging in meaningful discourseShows the “many-to-many” correspondences between the CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy and the CA ELD StandardsRelated to how we make language choices depending on:Our purpose for using languageThe text types we’re using (both oral and written) and how they’re structuredThe relationship between the people using the languageZooming in on the left hand column in section 2, we can see that it’s titled Texts and Discourse in Context. This signals that language development occurs in the context of using a variety of texts and engaging in meaningful discourseBelow the title, we see the “many-to-many” correspondences between the CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy and the CA ELD StandardsBelow that, there’s a reminder that we use language to achieve a purpose, whether its describing, entertaining, persuading, etc.Below that, you can see that a variety of informational and literary text types are identified. This signals to teachers that ELs need to engage with many different text types. \And finally, we need to support our students to make informed choices about using language, depending on their audience, and we need to ensure that they have plenty of opportunities to communicate with different audiences.
12CA ELD Standards Appendices: Resources to Support Implementation Appendix A: Foundational Literacy SkillsAppendix B: Learning About How English WorksAppendix C: Theory and ResearchAppendix D: Context, Development, Validation
13Part III: Using Foundational Literacy Skills Spycher & Linquanti, WestEd. 10/9/13Part III: Using Foundational Literacy SkillsPart III of the standards here really serves as a signal to remind teachers about things they need to consider when teaching foundational literacy skills to ELs in K-12
14Spycher & Linquanti, WestEd. 10/9/13 Appendix A: Foundational Literacy Skills Instruction for English Learners in K-12Appendix A: Foundational Literacy skills outlines general guidance on providing instruction to ELs on foundational literacy skills in K-12. The charts address student language and literacy characteristics, considerations for literacy foundation skills instruction, and corresponding CCSS foundational reading standards, each across both oral and print skills.This guidance is intended to provide a general overview. It doesn’t address all of the individual characteristics of ELs that need to be considered when designing and providing foundational literacy skills instruction.14
15Appendix B: Part II: Learning About How English Works Provides guidance on how to apply Part II of the standards in tandem with Part IDiscusses some of the language demands of the CA CCSS for ELA/LiteracyShows differences between everyday and academic EnglishProvides practical ideas and instructional strategies15
16Appendix B: Part II: Learning About How English Works
17Appendix C: Theoretical Foundations and Research Base Theories and research discussed in sections:Interacting in Meaningful and Intellectually Challenging WaysScaffoldingDeveloping Academic EnglishThe Importance of VocabularyThe Importance of Grammatical and Discourse-Level UnderstandingsOther Relevant Guidance Documents17
18Appendix C: Theoretical Foundations and Research Base 18
19Glossary: Your Secret Source of Knowledge about Language! Provides definitions, explanations, and examples of key terms in the ELD Standards and the CCSS for ELA/Literacy.
20Integrated & Designated ELD Both/AndIntegrated ELD: All teachers with ELs in their classrooms use the CA ELD Standards in tandem with the focal CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy and other content standards.Designated ELD: A protected time during the regular school day when teachers use the CA ELD Standards as the focal standards in ways that build into and from content instruction in order to develop critical language ELs need for content learning in English.Lots of people are asking about ELD. The CA ELD Standards can be used for both integrated ELD and designated ELD. For content instruction, the CA ELD Standards should be used by all teachers who have English learners in their classes in tandem with the CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy and other content standards. The CA ELD St. should be used as the focal standards for designated ELD, or a protected time when we focus on the particular language learning needs of our ELs in ways that build into and from content instruction.
21Comprehensive ELD Instruction: Three Interrelated Areas Learning to use EnglishLearning content through EnglishEnglish Language DevelopmentLearning about how English worksFrom the draft CA ELA/ELD Framework for review by the IQC November 2013Based onHalliday, 1978Gibbons, 2002Schleppegrell, 2004The CA ELD Standards push us to think about adopting a comprehensive approach to ELD, one that ensures that as English learners are learning to use English and learning content knowledge through English, they also learn about how English works to make meaning. With this comprehensive approach, ELs can be more analytical and discerning about how language is used when they read and listen and make informed choices about using language when they write and speak.
22Proficiency Level Descriptors? What are theProficiency Level Descriptors?
23Turn to pages 8 and 9 of your print-out. Now turn to pages eight and nine of your print-out of the Overview of the California English Language Development Standards and Proficiency Level Descriptors.
24A Continuum of English Language Development Across Three Levels Native LanguageEmergingExpandingBridgingLifelong Language LearningThe PLDs are designed to show language development as a continuum of continuously improving English language skills.The continuum starts with the native—or primary--language that all English learners bring with them to school—they can use their previous experiences with language and possibly literacy in their primary language to help them learn English.Students continue to build their knowledge and skills in English language and literacy through three general levels: Emerging, Expanding, and Bridging. We know second language acquisition may not occur in a purely linear fashion, but rather spirals as students gain greater proficiency in different language skill areas in various contexts. However, we do expect students to make steady progress through the levels as long as they have appropriate opportunities to learn.The continuum also shows the final–but not ending—stage, Lifelong Language Learning, as even proficient speakers of a language continue to build more depth and complexity of skills as they experience new texts and new contexts of language use.
25High Level Thinking with Linguistic Support EmergingSubstantial SupportExpandingModerate SupportBridgingLight SupportLifelong Language LearningOccasional SupportAnother important element of the PLDs—also shown on pages eight and nine—is the notion that students at all levels can engage in and express high level thinking as long as they receive the right kinds of linguistic support.While the extent of support needed varies within each proficiency level, in general, students at the Emerging level need more substantial support for complex tasks, while those at the Expanding and Bridging levels need moderate to light support. Students who are proficient in English may need occasional linguistic support, for example when reading highly complex technical texts on a new topic.
26Turn to pages 10 and 11 of your print-out. Now turn to pages ten and eleven of your print-out of the Overview of the California English Language Development Standards and Proficiency Level Descriptors.
27Progression of Language Development in Three Modes of Communication Engagement in dialogue with othersCollaborativeComprehension and analysis of written and spoken textsInterpretiveCreation of oral presentations and written textsProductiveThese rows of the PLDs provide more detailed descriptors for each level, following the same organization as the grade-level standards. First are descriptors for the three modes of communication in Part One of the standards: Collaborative (in purple), Interpretive (in blue), and Productive (in green).The PLDs provide a general guide to the extent of English language proficiency English learners have at a given stage of English langugage development in the knowledge, skills, and abilities described in more detail in the grade-level standards.
28Turn to pages 12 and 13 of your print-out. Now turn to pages twelve and thirteen of your print-out of the Overview of the California English Language Development Standards and Proficiency Level Descriptors.
29Progression of Knowledge of Language in Two Dimensions Language awareness and self-monitoringMetalinguistic AwarenessIncreasing accuracy with variation depending on contextAccuracy of ProductionThe PLDs describe increasing proficiency in two dimensions of Knowledge of Language: Metaglinguistic Awareness and Accuracy of Production.These correspond to both Pats one and Part of the grade-level standards: Part One, Interacting in Meaningful Ways; and Part Two, Learning About How English Works.Metalinguistic awareness involves the ability to be aware of the language one is using to make choices about what types of language to use when, and to monitor and adjust one’s own production. Accuracy involves being comprehensible in speaking and writing in English. Note that accuracy may vary within a level, for example during a task that is highly complex or introduces new content.Take a look at how these skills change across the levels. Note that these skills are not specifically detailed in the grade-level standards, though they provide a guide to how students can apply the grade-level skills to their learning and production of English.
30Purpose of the Proficiency Level Descriptors Describe what ELs know and can doPresent a continuum of knowledge, skills, and abilitiesGuide targeted instruction in ELDInform local and state assessmentTo summarize, there are four main purposes of the Proficiency Level Descriptors for the Califorina ELD standards:--The first is to describe what English learners generally know and can do as they progress through stages of English language development, specifically the extent to which English learners can understand and use spoken and written English, independently or with support.--The second purpose is to emphasize that language development progresses along a spiraling continuum of proficiency across three general levels of second language development: Emerging, Expanding, and Bridging.--Thirdly, the PLDs are intended to serve as a guide to providing appropriate instruction for English learners. The PLDs can help teachers to gauge where their students are, and to provide instruction that accelerates their learning of English so they can get where they need to be in all content areas.--Finally, tying together the first three purposes, the PLDs are used to inform assessment—to place students appropriately so they get the services they need, and to measure their progress in English language development.Thank you for participating in this tutorial and enjoy reading the overview of the proficency level descriptors.