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Instytut Techniki Cieplnej, Politechnika Śląska, Gliwice Institute of Thermal Technology, Silesian University of Technology Marcin Liszka Technologie czystego.

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Presentation on theme: "Instytut Techniki Cieplnej, Politechnika Śląska, Gliwice Institute of Thermal Technology, Silesian University of Technology Marcin Liszka Technologie czystego."— Presentation transcript:

1 Instytut Techniki Cieplnej, Politechnika Śląska, Gliwice Institute of Thermal Technology, Silesian University of Technology Marcin Liszka Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

2 M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland Fuel mix for power production in Poland – ARE forecast Source: Agencja Rynku Energii, after Duda

3 Existing and new power sources in Poland – ARE forecast M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland Source: Agencja Rynku Energii, after Duda ~12 GW

4 Fuel mix of power sector by (%) No other large country in Europe is as dependent on coal for its power generation as Poland. *Source: Eurostat, after Zmijewski EU- 25 coal share in fuel mix 30% Energy mix for power sector in EU M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

5 Forthcoming CO2 policy – EU energy package obligation of 15% share of renewables in final energy consumption after 2020 obligatory auctioning for allowances to CO2 emissions after 2020 transient period: 2013 – 2020 with partial auctioning – details are not precise or not known; transient period applies to existing power units and those which were physically under construction before the end of 2008 auctions will be managed by EU countries; each country will receive the amount of allowances which will be sold on auctions, the national auctioning system is open to all participants of the EU ETS system also from other EU countries high efficiency cogeneration is excluded from obligatory auctioning system M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

6 Main technology options for clean coal power production M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

7 Technology roadmaps – results of Silesian Foresight (2007) Scenario of Moderate Development M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

8 Technology roadmaps – results of Silesian Foresight (2007) Innovative Scenario M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

9 How to decrease CO2 emission in power sector ? 1.Increase fuel conversion efficiency. 2.Use biomass and other renewables. 3.Use natural gas instead of coal (?). 4.Implement CO2 capture and storage (CCS) technologies (?). high CO2 prices CCS obligation M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

10 How to decrease CO2 emission? M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland CO2 reduction=( )/980=0.3 Net efficiency (%) Coal Natural gas

11 Probable CO2 removal options for pulverized fuel (PF) plant Air-combustion PF plant without CCS (PF-no CCS) - reference case for comparison PF plant with chemical CO2 absorption (PF-MEA) Oxy-fuel PF plant (PF-OXY) M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

12 Simulated PF plant structures - PF-no CCS Live steam: 600 o C / 28.5 MPa Reheated steam: 620 o C / 5 MPa M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

13 Simulated PF plant structures - PF-MEA Liquid CO2 at 11 MPa M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

14 Simulated PF plant structures - PF-OXY Liquid CO2 at 11 MPa M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

15 Modeling example – CO2 purification & compression system M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

16 Crucial assumptions (net power 425 MW for all cases) Capital cost: PF-no CCS:1500 EUR/kW el N PF-MEA:2200 EUR/kW el N PF-OXY:2400 EUR/kW el N (1USD=2.18PLN and 1EUR=3.37PLN) M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

17 Results – net energy efficiency M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

18 Results – cost of electricity (1USD=2.18PLN and 1EUR=3.37PLN) +48% M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland

19 Latest investments in Polish power sector M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland supercritical CFB in Łagisza (PKE SA) electric power: 460 MW steam parameters: 560/580 OC; 27.5/5.5 MPa net efficiency: % supercritical PF in Bełchatów (PGE SA) electric power: 858 MW steam parameters: 554/582 OC; 26.6/5.4 MPa net efficiency: % supercritical PF in Pątnów (ZE PAK SA) electric power: 474 MW steam parameters: 544/568 OC; 26.6/5.2 MPa net efficiency: 41 %

20 EU Flagship Programme – Polish applications M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland PGE – Elektrownia Bełchatów DEMO FOR THE CAPTURE, TRANSPORT, GEOLOGICAL STORAGE OF CO2 FROM 858 MW POWER UNIT - post-combustion system PKE-ZAK ZERO EMISSION ENERGY – CARBOCHEMICAL COMPLEX - polygeneration system based on coal gasification

21 M. Liszka, Technologie czystego węgla w Polsce Clean coal technologies in Poland THE IDEA OF POLYGENERATION PLANT at PKE-ZAK

22 Dziękuję za uwagę


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