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EU Climate Policy -latest developments Agnieszka Janowska European Commission, DG Environment.

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Presentation on theme: "EU Climate Policy -latest developments Agnieszka Janowska European Commission, DG Environment."— Presentation transcript:

1 EU Climate Policy -latest developments Agnieszka Janowska European Commission, DG Environment

2 Context of EU action Multilateral negotiations GHG Monitoring European Climate Change Programme EU Emissions Trading Scheme Long-term targets for EU climate policy Integration in other Policy Areas, e.g. –New industrial Policy –Energy Security –Research and Innovation

3 Objectives agreed for % GHG reduction compared to 1990 –Independent commitment 30% GHG reduction compared to 1990 –In context of international agreement 20% renewables share of final energy consumption 10% biofuels in transport, with –production being sustainable –second generation biofuels commercially available

4 Where do we stand today? In 2005: -6.5% GHG emissions compared to 1990 –including outbound aviation 8.5% renewable energy –mainly through large scale hydro and conventional biomass Targets are ambitious: -14% GHG compared to % renewable energy share

5 The climate and energy package Overall Communication Revision of EU Emissions Trading System (the ETS) Effort sharing in non ETS sectors Directive on promotion of renewable energy, report on renewable energy support schemes Directive on carbon capture and storage, and Communication on demonstration plants Revised environmental state aid guidelines Accompanying integrated impact assessment

6 Ambitious timetable Package introduced 23 January 2008 Deliberations in Council and Parliament Committees since Votes in EP ENVI ctte: –8-10 Sept: Car emissions –25 Sept: CCS –7 Oct: Effort sharing and ETS Council (ENV): 20 Oct EP plenary: 1 Dec (?) Council (ENV): 4-5 Dec Possibly European Council: Dec

7 GHG Target: -20% compared to % compared to 2005 EU ETS -21% compared to 2005 Non ETS sectors -10% compared to Member State targets, stretching from -20% to +20%

8 Approach Cost-effectiveness Fair distribution Solution: Fairness: differentiate efforts according to GDP/capita national targets in sectors outside EU ETS national renewables targets (partially – half) redistribution of auctioning rights (partially – 10%) Cost-effectiveness: introduce flexibility and use market based- instruments (EU ETS, transferability of Guarantee of Origin for renewables)

9 Objectives of EU ETS review Cost-effective contribution to -20% GHG target for 2020, or to stricter target under international climate agreement Improvement of the EU ETS based on experience A clear long-term carbon price Therefore, changes in: -Scope -Cap setting -Allocation rules

10 Non ETS targets compared to 2005 Need to take into account the wide divergence of wealth in the EU-27 GDP/capita as criterion for differentiation (ability to pay) Limitation: between -20 and +20% Consequences : –poorer Member States can continue to grow in sectors such as transport –overall cost increases marginally compared to cost-effectiveness –but significant equalisation of overall effort between Member States ensured

11 Renewable energy 20% mandatory renewable energy share in 2020 across EU –11,5% increase compared to 2005 Effort sharing: –Half of the increase needed (5,5%) for all MS –Rest weighted by GDP/cap –Early action after 2001 accounted for Giving total efforts between 6,2% - 13,7% per MS –Cap on max 50% share National action plans required, staking out indicative trajectory 2013 – 2020, sectoral targets, and measures –Provides policy stability for investments Reduction of administrative and regulatory barriers Flexibility through trade in Guaranties of Origin

12 Carbon Capture and Storage While energy efficiency and renewable energy are shorter-term solutions, other options are needed in longer term if we are to reach 50% GHG reduction globally in 2050 CCS – to capture CO 2, transport and store it in geological formations – is crucial from a global perspective given fossil fuel abundance in key countries CCS has been demonstrated as functioning, but not yet as an integrated process or at reasonable costs Provisions for ensuring environmental integrity through the life-cycle of the plant (site selection up to post closure) CO 2 captured and stored will be considered not emitted under the ETS: –CCS can be opted in for Phase II ( ) –CCS explicitly included for Phase III ( ) Communication on promotion of demonstration plants

13 What are the benefits of the package? The ultimate goal: avoid the cost of climate change impacts: 5-20% of global GDP (Stern) Large scale innovation in the energy sector First mover advantage, aiming for technological leadership in low carbon technology Significant energy efficiency improvements Energy security: reduction of oil and gas import of 50 billion per year (at $61 per barrel of oil) Reduced air pollution giving significant health benefits Reduced need for air pollution control measures: 11 billion per year in 2020

14 Package - summary EU showing leadership in climate change EU on a path towards a low-carbon economy Cost-efficiency and fairness at the heart of the package A significant effort, but future benefits far outweigh the costs Will deliver important economic, energy security and environmental co-benefits, also in the short term A blueprint for international negotiations (common and differentiated responsibilities)

15 International context: Building on the Bali Action Plan Shared vision of long-term cooperative action, incl. a long-term goal for emission reduction, but taking into account development objectives Mitigation action: both for developed countries outside the KP (i.e. US commitments comparable to those of Kyoto Parties) and developing countries: measurable, reportable and verifiable action; address deforestation, sectoral approaches, response measures Adaptation: support action for most vulnerable, risk management, disaster reduction, catalytic role of the Convention Technology: Transfer, accelerate deployment and diffusion, R&D cooperation Finance and Investment: Adequate, predictable and sustainable financial resources and technical support; positive incentives for DC mitigation strategies and adaptation action; mobilising private and public investment; capacity building

16 International context: The future - some key principles Copenhagen agreement must set the world on the right track toward the development of a low carbon society, even if we have to update our actions based on further development of the climate and the science. We must build upon the Kyoto Protocol, adding more ambitious actions by all according to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. It is also clear that the nature of the global carbon market needs to be changed. It is equally clear that the carbon market alone is not sufficient to drive the move to a low carbon economy. Additional flows of finance and technology will be necessary.


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